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Sphaerodactylus oliveri GRANT, 1944

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Escambray Spotted Geckolet, Juventud Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus oliveri GRANT 1944:118
Sphaerodactylus oliveri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 518
Sphaerodactylus oliveri — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus oliveri oliveri — RÖSLER 2000: 113 
DistributionCuba (S Cienfuegos and Sancti Spiritus provinces)

Type locality: Rancho Gavilián, near Cienfuegos, Cienfuegos Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: CAS 14683, also given as UMMZ 93310, was Grant Cuban Collection 185, adult male; in CAS-SUR fide L. Scheinberg, pers. comm. 4 Feb 2019); paratypes: MCZ 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 32 mm, in females to 34 mm); dorsals large, boss-like, axilla to groin 21-33; middorsal area with 1-2 rows of small granules; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 27-34; dorsal caudal scales cycloid, flat-lying, ventral caudal scales cycloid, flat-lying, not enlarged midventrally; snout rather blunt, short, not depressed or decurved; snout scales large, juxtaposed, flat; 3 postnasals; 0-2 (mode 1) internasals; upper labials to mideye 3-6 (mode 4); gular scales granular; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 42-57; escutcheon 3-6 x 10-19. Pattern sexually dichromatic; dorsum (males) gray with light nuchal spotting (but never "salt-and-pepper"); dorsum (females) tan or yellowish; a pair of large and conspicuous ocelli, at times contiguous and forming a dark brown nuchal collar, continuous with a dark postaxillary band; at times with 2 crossbands margined with dark anterior to forelimb insertion, at times with much more faded bands posteriorly, the body pattern in females becoming more diffuse with increasing size, so that all elements are obscure; head pale with 4 lines from snout to occiput, median pair bifurcating posteriorly; a dark brown postauricular line; juveniles similar to females (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 518). 
CommentFor illustrations see Grant, 1944a; Schwartz and Garrido, 198 la.

Subspecies: Sphaerodactylus oliveri storeyae GRANT 1944 has been elevated to species status by HEDGES & GARRIDO 1993.

Distribution: Not listed by CROTHER 2000 for North America. Not listed by Krysko & Daniels (2005).

Belongs to the scaber group of Sphaerodactylus. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. James "Jim" Arthur Oliver (1914-1981), a zoologist and herpetologist who graduated from the University of Michigan. He became Assistant Curator, Herpetology Department, American Museum of Natural History (1942). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1944. New sphaerodactyls from Cuba and the Isle of Pines. Herpetologica 2: 118-125. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. B. and O.H. Garrido. 1993. A new species of gecko (Sphaerodactylus) from central Cuba. Journal of Herpetology 27 (3): 300-306. - get paper here
  • Rodríguez-Cabrera, Tomás M.; Alejandro M. Rodríguez González, and Javier Torres 2018. Herpetofauna of Cayo Carenas, Cienfuegos Bay, south-central Cuba. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 25 (1): 13–19 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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