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Sphaerodactylus ramsdeni RUIBAL, 1959

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Cuban Forest Geckolet, Ramsden's Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus ramsdeni RUIBAL 1959: 89
Sphaerodactylus ramsdeni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 524
Sphaerodactylus ramsdeni — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus ramsdeni — RÖSLER 2000: 113 

Type locality: Monte Libano, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 8536. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 29 mm, in females to 30 mm); body relatively elongate, limbs small; dorsals small, more or less granular, smooth to very slightly keeled, only barely or not at all imbricate, axilla to groin 41-57; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, imbricate, cycloid, axilla to groin 20-37; dorsal caudal scales acute, flat-lying, ventral caudal scales cycloid, flat-lying, enlarged midventrally; snout rather blunt, short; snout scales small, narrow, swollen, smooth, juxtaposed; 1 postnasal; 3-5 internasals; upper labials to mideye 2-3 (mode 2); supraorbital spine tiny; gular scales smooth; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 50-65; escutcheon small and compact, extending to behind knee in full adults, 5-6 x 13-22. Very weakly sexually dichromatic; dorsum (males) uniform very dark brown (chestnut); head with pale buffy to beige loreal-postorbital line on each side and buffy or beige diagonal line from eye to angle of jaws, the upper pale line at times continuing posteriorly over anterior quarter of body, and bordered above by a vague darker line (barely distinguishable from dorsal ground color); a single, tiny, buffy median ocellus, outlined in dark brown, at times present; a pair of sacral lines onto base of tail at times present; dorsum (females) like males and with male sacral pattern; head pattern more complete, composed of pale beige occipital U; often a single pale median occipital ocellus present but continuous on both sides with pale occipital U; anterior pale stripes present as in males but at times more or less continuous along dorsolateral portion of trunk and joining pale sacral lines, the entire complex outlined with darker brown; some specimens with only a single pale occipital ocellus plus remnants of pale cephalic U, or patternless (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 524). 
CommentFor illustrations see Barbour and Ramsden, 1919 (as S. nigropunctatus). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Charles Theodore Ramsden (1876-1951), an entomologist, herpetologist, and naturalist who received his doctorate from Universidad de La Habana (1917). 
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Ruibal, R. 1959. A new species of Sphaerodactylus from Oriente, Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (2): 89-93. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R., S. B. Hedges, and O.H. Garrido. 1992. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus from eastern Cuba (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 48: 358-367. - get paper here
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