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Tantilla wilcoxi STEJNEGER, 1902

IUCN Red List - Tantilla wilcoxi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Chihuahuan Blackhead Snake
S: Centipedívora de Chihiuahua 
SynonymTantilla wilcoxi STEJNEGER 1902: 156
Tantilla deviatrix BARBOUR 1916: 93
Tantilla wilcoxi rubricata SMITH 1942: 40 (fide WILSON 1999)
Tantilla bocourti deviatrix — SMITH & LAUFE 1945
Tantilla bocourti deviatrix — SMITH & SMITH 1976 (fide MCDIARMID 1992)
Tantilla wilcoxi — STEBBINS 1985: 219
Tantilla deviatrix — MCDIARMID 1992
Tantilla wilcoxi — LINER 1994
Tantilla wilcoxi — LINER 2007
Tantilla wilcoxi — WILSON & MATA-SILVA 2014: 61
Tantilla wilcoxi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 707 
DistributionUSA (S Arizona, New Mexico), Mexico (from US south to Chihuahua, NE Sinaloa, C Durango, Zacatecas, SE Coahuila, Tamaulipas, S Nuevo Leon, W San Luis Potosi, Aguascalientes, Sonora, Jalisco)

Elevation: 914–2,438 m (WILSON & MATA-SILVA 2014)

Type locality: Fort Huachuca, Cochise County, Arizona.

deviatrix: Mexico (San Luis Potosi). Type locality: San Luis Potosi, Mexico.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 19674, juvenile male collected in 1892 by Timothy E. Wilcox, M.D.; MCZ R-6195 (MCZ online catalog); other specimens: KU
Holotype: MCZ 6195 [deviatrix]
Holotype: USNM 110399 (but given as USNM 19674 by Wilson 1999: 19) [rubricata] 
EtymologyNamed after Timothy Erastus Wilcox (1840-1932), surgeon who collected the holotype. 
  • Barbour, T. 1916. A new Tantilla from Mexico. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 93-94 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy, Robert L. and Charles J. Cole 2014. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Madrean Archipelago of Arizona and New Mexico. American Museum Novitates (3810): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1938. Snakes of the genus Tantilla in the United States. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20 (28): 369-376 - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A. and Gustavo E. Quintero-Díaz 2016. The Herpetofauna of Aguascalientes, México. Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 2(1):
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A.; José C. Arenas-Monroy, Gustavo E. Quintero-Díaz, Zaira Y. González-Saucedo, Christian M. García-Balderas 2015. First records of the Chihuahuan Black-headed Snake, Tantilla wilcoxi Stejneger, 1902 (Squamata: Colubridae), in the Mexican state of Jalisco. Check List 11 (1): 1537 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • DELUNA, MANUEL; JORGE MADRAZO-FANTI, ROBERTO GARCIA-BARRIOS & DANIEL MONTOYA-FERRER. 2021. TANTILLA WILCOXI (Chihuahuan Black-headed Snake). DIET. Herpetological Review 52 (2): 434–435. - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Hansen, R W & Tremper, R L; 2018. Geographic Distribution: Tantilla wilcoxi (Chihuahuan Black-headed Snake). Herpetological Review 49 (4): 719 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico with a conservation status summary and comparisons with neighboring states. ZooKeys 931: 85-114 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Gadsden-Esparza H, Valdez-Lares R, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 748: 65-87 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Liner E A 1983. Tantilla wilcoxi Stejneger. Chihuahuan blackheaded snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 345: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mcdiarmid R W. 1992. Systematic status of the San Luis Potosí black-headed snake, Tantilla deviatrix Barbour (Colubridae). Southwestern Naturalist 37 (3): 303-307. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W., Copp, J.F., & Breedlove, D.E. 1976. Notes on the herpetofauna of western Mexico: new records from Sinaloa and the Tres Marias Islands. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles (275): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Rorabaugh, J.C. 2013. Chihuahuan Black-headed Snake (Tantilla wilcoxi). Herpetofauna of the 100 Mile Circle. Sonoran Herpetologist 26 (4):77-79. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1943. Summary of the collections of snakes and crocodilians made in Mexico under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship. Proceeding of the U. S. National Museum, 93 (3169): 393-504 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. & Laufe, Leonard E. 1945. Mexican amphibians and reptiles in the Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collections. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 48: 325-354 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L. 1902. The reptiles of the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 25 [1902]: 149-158 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Wilmer W. 1985. Snakes of Western Chihuahua. Great Basin Naturalist 45 (4): 615-676 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Webb, Robert G.;Hensley, Max 1959. Notes on reptiles from the Mexican State of Durango. Publications of the Museum - Michigan State University, Biological Series 1 (6): 249-258
  • Williams, Kenneth L. 1960. Taxonomic notes on Arizona herpetozoa. Southwestern Naturalist 5 (1): 25-36 - get paper here
  • Wilson, L.D. 1999. Checklist and key to the species of the genus Tantilla (Serpentes: Colubridae), with some commentary on distribution. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (122): 1-34 - get paper here
  • Wilson, Larry David and Vicente Mata-Silva 2015. A checklist and key to the snakes of the Tantilla clade (Squamata: Colubridae), with comments on distribution and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (4): 418 - get paper here
  • Wilson, Larry David and Vicente Mata-Silva. 2014. Snakes of the genus Tantilla (Squamata: Colubridae) in Mexico: taxonomy, distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (1): 5-95 - get paper here
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