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Tarentola americana (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Tarentola americana - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesTarentola americana warreni SCHWARTZ 1968
Tarentola americana americana (GRAY 1831) 
Common NamesE: American Wall Gecko 
SynonymPlatydactylus americanus GRAY 1831: 48
Platydactylus milbertii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 325
Platydactylus (Tarentola) Americanus var. Cubanus GUNDLACH & PETERS in PETERS 1864: 384
Tarentola americana — BOULENGER 1885: 195
Tarentola cubana — BOULENGER 1885: 195
Tarentola (Neotarentola) americana — JOGER 1984
Tarentola americana — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 549
Tarentola americana — KLUGE 1993
Tarentola (Neotarentola) americana — RÖSLER 2000: 115
Tarentola (Neotarentola) americana — WEISS & HEDGES 2007
Tarentola americana americana — DE LISLE et al. 2013

Tarentola americana warreni SCHWARTZ 1968
Tarentola americana warreni SCHWARTZ 1968: 134
Tarentola americana warreni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 196
Tarentola americana warreni — DE LISLE et al. 2013 
DistributionAntilles, Cuba, Bahamas, Isla de Pinos

americana: Cuba and associated cayertas; Isla de la Juventud. Type locality: “Im Walde bei Habana” [Cuba]; restricted to “Cabo Cruz, Oriente Province, Cuba” by SCHWARTZ 1968 [Platydactylus (Tarentola) Americanus var. Cubanus GUNDLACH & PETERS]

warreni: Great Bahama Bank. Type locality: Gray's Settlement, Long Island, Bahama Islands.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 6700
Holotype: ZMB 5107 [Platydactylus (Tarentola) Americanus var. Cubanus GUNDLACH & PETERS]
Holotype: USNM 160725 [warreni] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL in males to 120 mm, in females to 111 mm); longitudinal rows of enlarged dorsals at midbody 12-24; longitudinal rows of smooth, cycloid, imbricate ventrals 23-47; interorbital scales (including superciliary scales) 10-17; gulars 14-31; first toe lamellae 10-17; fourth toe lamellae 9-17; scales between first sublabials in contact with mental 0-4; males with a pair of semilunar series (just behind vent) of enlarged (in respect to scales anterior and posterior) scales, usually 3, which project boldly from ventral and lateral margins of tail on rounded prominence, dead white and contrasting with adjacent scales in color; dorsum and sides with more or less irregular rows of large, keeled tubercles with interstitial granules, becoming smaller and more stud-like ventrolaterally, at times (by subspecies) 4-8 rows of scales transitional between dorsals and ventrals; ventral scales delimited laterally by 2 longitudinal folds; tail verticillate, 5 scales/verticil. Dorsum shades of tan, brown, gray, or black; at times pattern vague in adults, but often with a series of 4-5 dark brown crossbands between limbs, margins at times stippled pale tan; a dark brown neck band, at times a second band behind occiput; head (at times virtually patternless in 1 subspecies) tan, with a dark brown figure (in juveniles) of fine lines resembling an arrowhead (apex between eyes, open ends on occiput); a single median line anterior to arrowhead at times present, extending toward snout and forking toward lores; a dark brown postocular stripe usually present (at times fragmented or even absent) at all sizes; unregenerated tail at times unpatterned, more often with 8-9 dark brown bands alternating with tan bands, smeared with brown, longitudinal dark markings (almost striae) or dark brown dots (by subspecies); venter ochraceous tan (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 549). 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1917; Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985. 
References
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Note on Tarentola americana. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6)12: 204 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas; Mateo, J. A. and L. F. López-Jurado 2000. Long-distance colonization and radiation in gekkonid lizards, Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proc. R. Soc. London B 267: 637-649 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Estrada, A.R. 1998. Anfibios y Reptiles Encontrados Durante 1988 y 1989 en Cayo Paredón Grande, Archipiélago de Sabana-Camagüey, Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 34 (1-2): 106-112
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Joger U 1984. Taxonomische Revision der Gattung Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 35 (1-3): 129-174 - get paper here
  • Koopman, K.F. & Ruibal, R. 1955. Cave-fossil vertebrates from Camaguey, Cuba. Breviora (46): 1-8 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1944. Certain American geckos of the genus Tarentola. Copeia 1944 (1): 18-20 - get paper here
  • Peters,W. 1864. Über einige neue Säugethiere (Mormops, Macrotus, Vesperus, Molossus, Capromys), Amphibien (Plathydactylus, Otocryptis, Euprepes, Ungalia, Dromicus, Tropidonotus, Xenodon, Hylodes), und Fische (Sillago, Sebastes, Channa, Myctophum, Carassius, Barbus, Mber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin [1864]: 381-399 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1968. Geographic variation in the New World geckkonid lizard Tarentola amen cana Gray. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 18:123—142 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Stejneger, L.H. 1917. Cuban amphibians and reptiles collected for the United States National Museum from 1899 to 1902. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 53: 259-291 - get paper here
  • Weiss, Andrew J. and S. Blair Hedges 2007. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Antillean geckos Phyllodactylus wirshingi, Tarentola americana, and Hemidactylus haitianus (Reptilia, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 409-416 - get paper here
 
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