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Thrasops jacksonii GÜNTHER, 1895

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Black Tree Snake
G: Schwarze Baumschlange 
SynonymThrasops jacksonii GÜNTHER 1895: 528
Rhamnophis jacksonii — BOULENGER 1896: 632
Thrasops Rothschildi MOCQUARD 1905: 287
Rhamnophis jacksonii — BOULENGER 1919: 23
Thrasops jacksonii — SCHMIDT 1923: 85
Rhamnophis jacksonii — DE WITTE 1933
Thrasops jacksoni jacksoni — TRAPE & ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995: 40
Thrasops jacksonii — BROADLEY 1998
Thrasops jacksonii jacksonii — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 31
Thrasops jacksonii — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2002
Thrasops jacksonii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 730
Thrasops jacksonii — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 500 
DistributionTanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, E Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Angola, Central African Republic, NW Zambia, Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of South Sudan (RSS)

Type locality: Kavirondo, Kenya.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.4.8, a 1651 mm skin (F.J. Jackson).
Holotype: MCZ 9276 [Rothschildi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Dorsal scales in 19 (rarely 17 or 21) rows at midbody, ventrals 187-214; cloacal divided; subcaudals 129-155; usually 2 labials in contact with lowest postocular. 
CommentHabitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Sir Frederick John Jackson (1859-1929), English administrator, diplomat, explorer, naturalist, ornithologist, and the first Governor of the new Kenya colony (1889), and later Governor of Uganda (1911-1918). 
  • Beck, Benjamin B., Peter W. Clay and Al Setka. 2016. Thrasops jacksonii (Black Tree Snake) Predation. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 317-318 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1919. Batraciens et reptiles cecueillis par le Dr. C. Christy dans les districts de Stanleyville, Haut-Uelé et Ituri en 1912-1914. Rev. zool. afr., Bruxelles, 7 (1): 1-29
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • BROADLEY, D. G. & V. WALLACH 2002. Review of the Dispholidini, with the description of a new genus and species from Tanzania (Serpentes, Colubridae). Bull. nat.Hist. Mus. Lond (Zool.), 68(2): 57-74. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1991. The Herpetofauna of Northern Mwinilunga Distr., Northw. Zambia. Arnoldia Zimbabwe 9 (37): 519-538
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • CARLINO P., PAUWELS O.S.G. 2013. First documented record of Thrasops jacksonii Günther, 1895 (Squamata: Colubridae) in Gabon. North-Western Journal of Zoology 9(1): art.132501 - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Derlyn, P. P. 1977. Notes sur les Serpents du Burundi. Les genres Thrasops, Dendroaspis et Bitis. Rev. Zool. afr. 91 (3): 525-537
  • Ernst R, Lautenschläger T, Branquima MF, Hölting M 2020. At the edge of extinction: a first herpetological assessment of the proposed Serra do Pingano Rainforest National Park in Uíge Province, northern Angola. Zoosystematics and Evolution 96(1): 237-262 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1895. Notice of Reptiles and Batrachians collected in the eastern half of tropical Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 15: 523-529. - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Mocquard, M.F. 1905. Note préliminaire sur une collection de reptiles et de Batraciens offerte au Muséum par M. Maurice de Rothschild. Bull. Mus. nation. Hist. nat., Paris 11: 285-288 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1940. Undescribed anatomical structures and new species of reptiles and amphibians. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (11) 5: 257-274 - get paper here
  • Pillich, G. 1984. Die Zucht der Schwarzen Baumschlange Thrasops jacksonii. Herpetofauna 6 (30): 14-16 - get paper here
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1923. Contributions to the herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part II. Snakes, with field notes by Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 49 (1): 1-146
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
  • TRAPE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS & CELLOU BALDÉ 2014. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa (Colubridae) and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. Zootaxa 3900 (3): 301–338 - get paper here
  • Ullenbruch, Klaus & Wolfgang Böhme 2017. Six new records of Afrotropical lizard and snake species (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Republic of South Sudan. Bonn zoological Bulletin 66 (2): 139–144 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
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