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Toropuku stephensi (ROBB, 1980)

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Stephen’s Sticky-toed Gecko, Stephens Island Gecko, Striped Gecko 
SynonymHoplodactylus stephensi ROBB 1980
Hoplodactylus pacificus — SHARELL 1966 (partim)
Hoplodactylus stephensi — KLUGE 1993
Hoplodactylus stephensi — RÖSLER 2000: 90
Toropuku stephensi — NIELSEN et al. 2011
Tukutuku stephensi — ADAMS et al. 2017: 26 (in error)
Toropuku stephensi — ADAMS et al. 2017: 32 
DistributionNew Zealand (Stephens and Maud Islands, Cook Strait, northern Coromandel Peninsula of the North Island)

Type locality: Stephens Island.  
TypesHolotype: NMNZ R1858 (1980 Hoplodactylus stephensi Robb) 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus). Pupils with crenulated margins; scansorial pad not continuous along length of distal phalanx; toes narrow, with straight lamellae; apical plates present at base of claw of digit I only; ventral skin opaque; dorsum clearly striped; mouth lining/ tongue partly pigmented; precloacal pore series in males extending almost to knee; SVL to 80 mm [NIELSEN et al. 2011].

Diagnosis: A medium sized Hoplodactylus; nostril in contact with rostral; rostral approximately twice as broad as deep; mental foursided, wider anteriorly than posteriorly; length of dilated portion of 4th toe approximlltely 3.0 times its width and 2.0 times the length of the distal phalange; inferior lamellae of digits straight-edged, anterior lamellae sometimes slightly curved; males with 6 to 9 series of preanal pores, and 4 to 5 long series of femoral pores; 3 enlarged, pointed scales on each side of hemipenial pouches. Colour basically light brown or tan with longitudinal stripes of lighter and darker shades. 
CommentType species: Hoplodactylus stephensi ROBB 1980 is the type species of the genus Toropuku NIELSEN et al. 2011. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): Derived from the Maori word meaning ‘‘secret or stealthy’’ referring to the cryptic habits of and low levels of knowl- edge about the only species in the genus. Maori nouns typically have no gender, but we treat Toropuku as masculine for the pur- poses of nomenclatural construction.

Etymology (species): named after the type locality, Stephens Island. The Island was named by James Cook on 31 March 1770 for a Secretary of the Board of Admiralty. 
  • ADAMS, LYNN; PETER GAZE, ROD HITCHMOUGH, SUSAN KEALL & IVAN ROGERS 2017. A survey of Puangiangi with recommendations for restoration of the island’s lizard fauna. BioGecko (4): 26-34
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cree, Alison and Kelly M. Hare 2016. Reproduction and Life History of New Zealand Lizards. in: Chapple, D.G. (ed). New Zealand Lizards. Springer, pp. 169-206 - get paper here
  • HITCHMOUGH, R. A., NIELSEN, S. V., & BAUER, A. M. 2020. Earning your stripes: a second species of striped gecko in the New Zealand gecko genus Toropuku (Gekkota: Diplodactylidae). Zootaxa, 4890 (4): 578-588 - get paper here
  • Hitchmough, Rodney A.; Geoffrey B. Patterson, and David G. Chapple 2016. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna. in: Chapple, D.G. (ed). New Zealand Lizards. Springer, pp. 87-108 - get paper here
  • Nielsen, Stuart V.; Aaron M. Bauer, Todd R. Jackman, Rod A. Hitchmough and Charles H. Daugherty 2011. New Zealand geckos (Diplodactylidae): Cryptic diversity in a post-Gondwanan lineage with trans-Tasman affinities. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Robb J 1980. Three new species of gekkonid lizards, genera Hoplodactylus Fitzinger and Heteropholis Fischer, from New Zealand. NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NEW ZEALAND RECORDS 1(19) 1980: 305-310
  • Robb,J. 1980. New Zealand Amphibians and Reptiles in Colour. Collins, Auckland, 128 pp.
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • van Winkel, D., Baling, M. & Hitchmough, R. 2018. Reptiles and Amphibians of New Zealand: A field guide. Auckland University Press, Auckland, 376 pp
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