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Trachemys gaigeae (HARTWEG, 1939)

IUCN Red List - Trachemys gaigeae - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Big Bend Slider
G: Big-Bend-Schmuckschildkröte
S: Jicotea de La Meseta Mexican 
SynonymPseudemys scripta gaigae HARTWEG 1939
Pseudemys gaigae — SCHMIDT & OWENS 1944
Chrysemys scripta gaigeae — FRITZ 1981
Trachemys scripta gaigae — STEBBINS 1985: 102
Trachemys scripta gaigae — IVERSON 1986
Trachemys scripta gaigeae [sic] — FRITZ 1990
Trachemys gaigeae — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 65
Trachemys gaigae LINER 1994
Pseudemys gaigeae — SEIDEL et al. 1999
Trachemys gaigeae gaigeae — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys scripta gaigeae [sic] — OBST 2003: 16
Trachemys gaigeae — REYNOLDS et al. 2007
Trachemys nebulosa gaigeae
Trachemys gaigeae gaigeae — TTWG 2014: 362
Trachemys gaigeae gaigeae — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017
Trachemys gaigeae — TTWG 2021 
DistributionMexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila), USA (Texas, New Mexico)

Type locality: “Boquillas, Rio Grande River, Brewster County, Texas.”  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 66472. Paratypes: FMNH 27760; MCZ 4550–51(3), USNM. 
CommentSubspecies: T. gaigeae has been considered as subspecies of Trachemys scripta by various authors. Trachemys gaigeae hartwegi (LEGLER 1990) is now considered a valid species by recent authors.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, ponds, rivers) 
EtymologyNamed after Helen Beulah Thompson Gaige (1890-1976), American herpetologist at the University of Michigan. See Bell et al. 2021 for biographical data. 
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Bell, R., Arce H, M., Franklin, M., Roa-Varon, A., & Wehrle, B. A. 2021. Helen Thompson Gaige. Ichthyology & Herpetology, 109(1): 322
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Ernst, C H 1992. Trachemys gaigae. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 538: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Fritz U. 1990. Haltung und Nachzucht der Jamaika-Schmuckschildkröte Trachemys terrapen (LACÉPÈDE, 1788) und Bemerkungen zur Fortpflanzungsstrategie von neotropischen Schmuckschildkröten der Gattung Trachemys. Salamandra 26 (1): 1-18 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. 1981. Zwei interessante mexikanische Schmuckschildkröten der Gattung Chrysemys GRAY 1844. Herpetofauna 3 (14): 25-32 - get paper here
  • Gatica-Colima, A., et al. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Trachemys gaigeae (Mexican Plateau Slider). Herpetological Review 48 (2): 387 - get paper here
  • Hamilton, Rodgers D. 1947. The range of Pseudemys scripta gaigeae. Copeia 1947 (1): 65-66 - get paper here
  • Hartweg,N. 1939. A new American Pseudemys. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, (No.397), Jan. 12: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Hibbitts, Troy D. and Terry L. Hibbitts 2016. Texas Turtles & Crocodilians: a Field Guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. xvi + 276 pp., 117 photos, 36 maps. ISBN 978-1477307779.
  • Hughes, Daniel F., Jaclyn M. Adams, Walter E. Meshaka, Jr., and Carl H. Ernst. 2016. Trachemys gaigeae (Hartweg, 1939). Behavior. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1030–1032 - get paper here
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. 1990. The genus Pseudemys in Mesoamerica: Taxonomy, distribution, and origins. in J.W. Gibbons (ed.): Life history and Ecology of the Slider Turtle. Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. 82-105 - get paper here
  • Legler, John M. 1960. Remarks on the natural history of the big bend slider, Pseudemys scripta gaigeae Hartweg. Herpetologica 16: 139-140 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Gadsden-Esparza H, Valdez-Lares R, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 748: 65-87 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2005. Chelonian Illustrations #20: Sliders of the United States and Northern Mexico. Reptilia (GB) (40): 80-83 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R.; Frank Köhler, Alexander Gutsche and Leonardo Valdés Orellana 2013. Trachemys grayi emolli (Testudines, Emydidae) in Honduras and its systematic relationships based on mitochondrial DNA. Zoosystematics and Evolution 89 (1): 21–29 - get paper here
  • Parham, J.F., Papenfuss, T.J., Sellas, A.B., Stuart, B.L. & Simison, W.B. 2020. Genetic variation and admixture of red-eared sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans) in the USA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 145, 106722 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, Robert P.; Steve W. Gotte, and Carl H. Ernst 2007. Catalog of Type Specimens of Recent Crocodilia and Testudines in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 626: 1-49 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P., and D. Owens. 1944. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Coahuila, Mexico. Field Museum of Natural History, Zoological Series. Chicago. 29: 97-115. - get paper here
  • Seidel, M. E., J. N. STUART & W. G. DEGENHARDT 1999. Variation and species status of slider turtles (Emydidae: Trachemys) in the southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico. Herpetologica 55 (4): 470-487 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. 2002. Taxonomic observations on extant species and subspecies of slider turtles, genus Trachemys. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 285-292 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. & Carl H. Ernst 2017. A Systematic Review of the Turtle Family Emydidae. Vertebrate Zoology 67 (1): 1–122 - get paper here
  • Siedel, Michael E.;Degenhardt, William G.;Dixon, James R. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Trachemys gaigeae. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 157 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stuart, J. N. and C. H. Ernst. 2004. Trachemys gaigeae. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (787): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Stuart, J.N. & C.W. Painter 2002. Observations on the diet of Trachemys gaigeae (Testudines: Emydidae) Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 38(1): 15-22. - get paper here
  • Stuart, James N. & Joseph p. Ward 2009. Trachemys gaigeae (Hartweg 1939) – Big Bend Slider, Mexican Plateau Slider, Jicotea de la Meseta Mexicana. Chelonian Research Monographs (5): 032.1-12 - get paper here
  • Stuart, James N. and Charles W. Painter. 2006. Trachemys gaigeae Reproductive characteristics. Herpetological Review 37 (1): 79 - get paper here
  • Stuart, James N.;Painter, Charles W.;Stearns, Brett C. 1993. Trachemys gaigeae (Big Bend slider). Maximum size. Herpetological Review 24 (1): 32-33 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Vargas-Ramírez M, del Valle C, Ceballos CP, Fritz U. 2017. Trachemys medemi n. sp. from northwestern Colombia turns the biogeography of South American slider turtles upside down. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 2017;55:326–339 - get paper here
  • Wilson, Larry David; Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson 2013. A conservation reassessment of the reptiles of Mexico based on the EVS measure. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 7 (1): 1–47 - get paper here
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