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Trachemys terrapen (BONNATERRE, 1789)

IUCN Red List - Trachemys terrapen - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Jamaican Slider 
Synonym[Testudo] terrapen LACÉPÈDE 1788
Testudo terrapen — BONNATERRE 1789: 30
Testudo fasciata SUCKOW 1798
Emys rugosa var. livida GRAY 1831
Chrysemys scripta var. rugosa — BOULENGER 1889
Pseudemys terrapen — BARBOUR & CARR 1940
Testudo palustris GMELIN 1789
Emys palustris — LEIDY 1887: 394
Pseudemys palustris — BARBOUR 1910: 301
Pseudemys palustris — FOWLER 1918
Pseudemys felis BARBOUR 1935: 394
Pseudemys palustris — MERTENS 1938
Pseudemys terrapen terrapen MERTENS 1955
Chrysemys terrapen — FRITZ & BIENERT 1981
Trachemys terrapen — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 179
Trachemys terrapen — SEIDEL 2002
Chrysemys terrapen — GEIßLER 2005
Trachemys terrapin [sic] — REYNOLDS et al. 2007
Trachemys terrapen — TTWG 2014: 365
Trachemys terrapen — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017
Trachemys terrapen — TTWG 2021 
DistributionJamaica, Cat Island, Eleuthera, possibly S Andros (Bahamas)
USA (introduced to Florida)

Type locality: "On la trouve aux Antilles & particulierement a la Jamaique. . .tres commune dans les lacs," (= the lakes of Jamaica).  
TypesHolotype: Unlocated.
Holotype: MCZ 38385. Paratypes: MCZ, USNM [felis] 
CommentSeidel 1988 considered T. felis to represent introduced populations of T. terrapen in the Bahamas. SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 state that there might be interbreeding between T. terrapen and T. stejnegeri malonei on New Providence Island.

Please note that SAVAGE (2003) suggested to reject Lacepède’s (1788) “Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares” as a non-binominal work (Case 3226; Bull. Zool. Nom. 60 (2)). This application has been successful. The ICZN (2005) has ruled that Lacepède’s (1788) work (and all subsequent editions of this work) are rejected as an unavailable, non-binominal work.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, ponds, rivers) 
EtymologyNamed after the native American Algonquin name for a turtle 
  • Barbour, T. 1910. Notes on the herpetology of Jamaica. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 52: 273—301 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1935. A new Pseudemys from Cat Island, Bahamas. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 205-206
  • Bonnaterre, P.J. 1789. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature, . . . Erpétologie. Panckoucke, Paris, xxviii+71 pp. (+ plates + index) - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Fowler, H. W. 1918. Some amphibians and reptiles from Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Washington, 252: 1-16.
  • Fritz U. 1990. Haltung und Nachzucht der Jamaika-Schmuckschildkröte Trachemys terrapen (LACÉPÈDE, 1788) und Bemerkungen zur Fortpflanzungsstrategie von neotropischen Schmuckschildkröten der Gattung Trachemys. Salamandra 26 (1): 1-18 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. & Bienert, H.-D. 1981. Übersicht über die neuweltliche Sumpfschildkrötengattung Chrysemys GRAY (Pseudemys GRAY = Synonym für Chrysemys GRAY). Herpetofauna 3 (10): 17-22 - get paper here
  • Geißler, L. 2005. Exkursionen im Westen Kubas. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (56): 42-49 - get paper here
  • ICZN 2005. OPINION 2104 (Case 3226). Lacepède, B.G.É. de la V., 1788, Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares: rejected as a non-binominal work. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 62 (1): 55 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Lacépède, B. G. E. 1788. Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupe des Ovipares et des Serpens. Vol.1. Imprimerie du Roi, Hôtel de Thou, Paris, xvii + 651 pp. - get paper here
  • Leidy, J. 1887. Bot-larvae in the Terapin. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1887: 393 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P.; Joseph-Ouni, M. & Uhrig, D. 2005. Chelonian Illustrations #22: Sliders of the Caribbean Islands. Reptilia (GB) (42): 81-83 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Amphibien und Reptilien aus Santo Domingo, gesammelt von Prof. Dr. H. Böker. Senckenbergiana 20 (5): 332-342
  • Parham, James F.; Theodore J. Papenfuss, Peter Paul van Dijk, Byron S. Wilson, Cristian Marte, Lourdes Rodriguez Schettino, W. Brian Simison 2013. Genetic introgression and hybridization in Antillean freshwater turtles (Trachemys) revealed by coalescent analyses of mitochondrial and cloned nuclear markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67 (1):176–187 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, Robert P.; Steve W. Gotte, and Carl H. Ernst 2007. Catalog of Type Specimens of Recent Crocodilia and Testudines in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 626: 1-49 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2003. Lacepéde, B.G.É. de la V., 1788, Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupédes Ovipares: proposed rejection as a non-binomial work. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 60 (2): 138 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Seidel M E 1988. Trachemys terrapen (Lacepede). Jamaican slider. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (( 442): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Seidel M E 1988. Revision of the West Indian emydid turtles (Testudines). American Museum Novitates (2918): 1-41 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. 2002. Taxonomic observations on extant species and subspecies of slider turtles, genus Trachemys. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 285-292 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. & Carl H. Ernst 2017. A Systematic Review of the Turtle Family Emydidae. Vertebrate Zoology 67 (1): 1–122 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Vargas-Ramírez M, del Valle C, Ceballos CP, Fritz U. 2017. Trachemys medemi n. sp. from northwestern Colombia turns the biogeography of South American slider turtles upside down. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 2017;55:326–339 - get paper here
  • Williams, E.E. 1956. Pseudemys scripta callirostris from Venezuela with a general survey of the scripta series. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 115:143-160. - get paper here
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