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Trachydactylus spatalurus (ANDERSON, 1901)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Spacious Rock Gecko, Banded Ground Gecko 
SynonymBunopus spatalurus ANDERSON 1901: 137
Trachydactylus jolensis HAAS & BATTERSBY 1959
Trachydactylus jolensis — WERMUTH 1965: 183
Trachydactylus spatalurus — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967
Bunopus spatalurus spatalurus — ARNOLD 1980: 276
Trachydactylus jolensis — WELCH
Bunopus spatalurus spatalurus — ARNOLD 1986
Bunopus spatalurus spatalurus — LEVITON et al. 1992: 30
Bunopus spatalurus spatalurus — SCHÄTTI & GASPERETTI 1994
Bunopus spatalurus — RÖSLER 1995: 100
Trachydactylus spatalurus — POUS et al. 2015
Trachydactylus spatalurus — RÖSLER 2018: 86 
DistributionS Oman, Yemen.

joloensis: SW Arabia; Type locality: Jol, north of Zamakh, Hadramaut, SW Arabia.  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.23.59 (and possibly additional specimens). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: No postmental shields; toes strongly angularly bent; tubercles on back not very prominent, although some scales are enlarged and feebly keeled; a bold pattern of dark crossbars. (Leviton et al. 1992) 
CommentSubspecies: Trachydactylus (formerly Bunopus) spatalurus hajarensis ARNOLD 1980 has been elevated to full species status.

Distribution: for map see Pous et al. 2015.

Type species: Trachydactylus jolensis HAAS & BATTERSBY 1959 is the type species of the genus Trachydactylus HAAS & BATTERSBY 1959. 
  • Anderson, John 1901. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained by Mr. A. Blayney Percival in southern Arabia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1901 (2): 137-152 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E. N. 1977. Little-known geckoes (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Arabia with descriptions of two new species from the Sultanate of Oman. The Scientific Results of the Oman Flora and Fauna Survey, 1975. Journal of Oman Studies, Special Report, (1):81—110 [1975]
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Colacicco, Frank; Michael-Bernd Zwanzig, Wolfgang Grossmann, Thomas Kowalski 2018. Field Observations and notes on the natural history of Trachydactylus spatalurus (Anderson, 1901). Herpetology Notes 11: 239-242 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, Wolfgang; Bernd-Michael Zwanzig, Thomas Kowalski & Hans-Jürgen Zilger 2013. Weitere ergänzende herpetologische Beobachtungen auf dem Saiq-Plateau und im Jebel al-Akhdar, Sultanat Oman. Sauria 35 (3): 23–31 - get paper here
  • Haas, G. & J. C. Battersby, 1959. Amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Copeia 1959 (3): 196-202 - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Leptien, R. & H. J. Zilger 1991. Ein seltener Krallengecko, Bunopus spatalurus hajarensis Arnold, 1980. Sauria 13 (4): 23-25 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Pous, P. de, Machado, L., Metallinou, M., Červenka, J., Kratochvíl, L., Paschou, N., Mazuch, T., Šmíd, J., Simó-Riudalbas, M., Sanuy, D. and Carranza, S. 2015. Taxonomy and biogeography of Bunopus spatalurus (Reptilia; Gekkonidae) from the Arabian Peninsula. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. doi: 10.1111/jzs.12107 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2018. Haftbar -- Die einzigartige Welt der Geckos. Begleitheft zur Ausstellung im Naturkundemuseum Erfurt Mai-Aug 2018, 96 pp.
  • RÖSLER, H. 2020. Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur extrakorporalen Entwicklung weich- und hartschaliger Eier von Geckos (Squamata: Gekkota): 7. Trachydactylus spatalurus (Anderson, 1901) (Gekkonidae) Sauria 42 (3): 26-32 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Schätti, B. & Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 348-423
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak], and M. L. Golubev 1996. Gecko fauna of the USSR and contiguous regions. SSAR [Russian original published in 1986]. [book review in Salamandra 36 (2): 138]
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 2: the geckoes. Podarcis 1 (4): 105-123 - get paper here
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