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Trapelus sanguinolentus (PALLAS, 1814)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesTrapelus sanguinolentus aralensis (LICHTENSTEIN 1823)
Trapelus sanguinolentus sanguinolentus (PALLAS 1827) 
Common NamesE: Steppe Agama
G: Steppenagame
Russian: Степная агама
Chinese: 草原蜥 
SynonymLacerta sanguinolenta PALLAS 1814: 23
Agama Sanguinolenta — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1851
Agama sanguinolenta — BOULENGER 1885: 343
Agama agilis sanguinolenta — WERMUTH 1967: 6
Agama sanguinolenta — LANGERWERF 1979
Agama sanguinolenta — ORLOWA 1981
Trapelus sanguinolentus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Trapelus sanguinolentus — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 106
Trapelus agilis sanguinolentus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Trapelus agilis sanguinolentus — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008
Trapelus agilis sanguinolentus — NASRABADI et al. 2017

Trapelus sanguinolentus aralensis (LICHTENSTEIN 1823)
Agama aralensis LICHTENSTEIN 1823: 144
Trapelus aralensis — EVERSMANN 1834: 366
Agama aralensis — MERTENS & MÜLLER 1940
Trapelus sanguinolentus aralensis — DAVLETBAKOV et al. 2016
Trapelus sanguinolentus aralensis — SHESTOPAL et al. 2021 
DistributionSoviet Union, Russia (Dagestan), E Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, SW Tajikistan, E shore of Caspian Sea eastward to E Kazakhstan and southward to N Iran and N Afghanistan, NW China (W Xinjiang)

aralensis: Type locality: “in dem ganzen Strich östlich vom Aralsee”. Kazakhstan (LAMBERT 2002).

Type locality: Terek River Valley. “Hügelland Kum-Ankatar am Terek-Fluss, Kaukasien” (fide WERMUTH 1967).  
TypesHolotype: unlocated (Anderson 1999, Lizards of Iran)
Syntypes: ZMB 753, ZMB 754 (missing), ZMB 755, ZMB 756, ZMB 757, ZMB 758, ZMB 54811-12 (was ZMB 758 part), "Aralsee", leg. Eversmann [aralensis] 
CommentSynonymy: Has been synonymized with Trapelus agilis by Rastegar-Pouyani 1998. Shahamat et al. 2020 found paraphyly within Trapelus sanguinolentus and T. agilis which requires fundamental revision.

History: The year of PALLAS’ description is sometimes given as “1827” and sometimes as “1814”. For the publication date of Pallas 1814 (vs. 1831) see ICZN Opinion 212.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
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  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
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  • Eversmann,E. 1834. Lacertae Imperii Rossici variis in itineribus meis observatae. [Lacerta sylvicola]. Nouv. Mém. Soc. imp. Natur. (Moscow) 3: 339-358 - get paper here
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  • Mishagina J.V. 1992. Mishagina J.V. Food connections of steppe agama (Trapelus sanguinolentus, Agamidae) in black saxaul groves of the Repetek reserve (Eastern Kara Kum). Izv. AN Turkmen. Ser. Biol.Nauk, 1992, No 5: 25-33 [in Russian].
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  • Orlowa, Walentina F. 1981. Agama sanguinolenta - Steppenagame. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band I., Echsen I. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden, pp. 149-160
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  • Shahamat A, Rastegarpouyani E, Rastegar-Pouyani N, Hosseinian Yousefkhani SS, Wink M. 2020. Molecular phylogeny and intraspecific differentiation of the Trapelus agilis species complex in Iran (Squamata: Agamidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. PeerJ 8:e8295 - get paper here
  • Shestopal A., Amanov A., Ovezov T. 2021. An overview of reptiles from the Kaplankyr Nature Reserve and adjacent territories. [in Russian] Proc. Inst. Zool., Kazakhstan, pp. 105-126 - get paper here
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  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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