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Tropidophis nigriventris BAILEY, 1937

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Higher TaxaTropidophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Dark-bellied Trope, Blackbelly Dwarf Boa 
SynonymTropidophis nigriventris BAILEY 1937: 45
Tropidophis nigriventris nigriventris — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Tropidophis nigriventris — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 639
Tropidophis nigriventris — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 220
Tropidophis nigriventris — RODRIGUEZ-SCHETTINO et al. 2013
Tropidophis nigriventris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 754 
DistributionCuba (Camagüey)

Type locality: 6 mi. E Marti, Camagüey Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 70888 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION (including hardyi): Maximum total length 355 mm; dorsal scale rows at midbody 23 or 25; dorsal scales smooth; ventrals 144-172; subcaudals 25-33; supralabials 9-10/9-10; infralabials 9-11/9-11; preoculars 1/1; postoculars 2/2 or 3/3; parietal scales not in contact. Top of head dark and patternless or with vague, longitudinal, dark, rectangular figure; rows of body blotches 6 or 8; dorsal ground color medium brown to dark brown with darker brown blotches; 37-46 dorsal spots; ventrolateral rows of blotches on each side not expanded midventrally, or ventrolateral blotch rows expanded so as to render venter almost totally dark due to blotch fusion; venter white to pale tan with paired or staggered dark blotches; chin and throat dark brown; supralabials dark brown, separated by nearly black loreal stripe from top of head; tail usually dark brown with about 6 dorsal blotches on white to tan ground; no pale occipital markings (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 639). 
CommentSubspecies: Tropidophis nigriventris hardyi SCHWARTZ and GARRIDO, 197 is now considered as a valid species.

For illustrations see Schwartz and Marsh, 1960. 
  • Bailey, J. R. 1937. A review of some recent Tropidophis material. Proc. New England Zool. Club 16: 41-52.
  • Hedges, S. B. & O. H. Garrido 2002. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from eastern Cuba. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 157-161 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. B. and O. H. Garrido. 1992. A new species of Tropidophis from Cuba (Serpentes: Tropidophiidae). Copeia 1992 (4): 820-825 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. London (Zool.) 68 (2): 83-90 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Garrido, O.H. 1975. A reconsideration of some Cuban Tropidophis (Serpentes, Boidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 88(9):77-90. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A.and Marsh, R.J. 1960. A review of the pardalis-maculatus complex of the boid genus Tropidophis of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 123 (2):49-84. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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