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Tropiocolotes nattereri STEINDACHNER, 1901

IUCN Red List - Tropiocolotes nattereri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymTropiocolotes nattereri STEINDACHNER 1901: 326
Tropiocolotes steudneri PETERS 1869 (part.)
Tropiocolotes nattereri — LOVERIDGE 1947: 51
Tropiocolotes nattereri — WERMUTH 1965: 184
Tropiocolotes steudneri — KLUGE 1993
Tropiocolotes nattereri — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 279
Tropiocolotes (Tropiocolotes) nattereri — RÖSLER 2000: 119
Tropiocolotes nattereri — BAUER et al. 2013
Tropiocolotes nattereri — LIVIGNI 2013: 396
Tropicolotes nattereri — HANDAL et al. 2016 (in error)
Tropiocolotes nattereri — MEIRI et al. 2019
Tropiocolotes nattereri — MACHADO et al. 2020 
DistributionEgypt (Sinai), SE Israel

Type locality: “Bir al Mashiya und Nawibi, Golf von Akaba, Sinai”, (probably = Nuweibaa, Egypt, ca. 28°58'26.8"N 34°39'13.8”E / 28.974100, 34.653844, and Bi'r al Mashi, Saudi Arabia, ca. 28°52'30.3"N 34°50'45.9”E / 28.875070, 34.846090).
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost, was ZMB fide Loveridge 1947: 53, but not in ZMB fide Bauer et al. 1991. 
DiagnosisDescription. Snout short, slightly pointed, longer than the distance between the eye and the ear-opening; latter small, roundish, its diameter about a quarter that of the orbit; rostral as broad as high, with median cleft above; granular scales on snout smooth, larger than those on occiput; nostril between rostral, first labial and 2 nasals, the anterior in contact with its fellow; upper labials 7-9; lower labials 6-8; mental as long as broad; a pair of large postmentals in contact on the median line and forming a suture with the first lower labial only, followed by 1 or 2 pairs of chin shields of which the anterior is in contact with the first and second lower labials followed by slightly enlarged granules posteriorly merging into the gular granules. Back and limbs covered above with large, subequal, smooth or faintly keeled, imbricate scales; ventral scales subequal to dorsal, smooth, imbricate; midbody scale-rows 50-51; males with 1 2 preanal pores; limbs moderately slender, the adpressed hind limb reaching the elbow or nearly to the axilla; tail covered above and below with smooth or faintly keeled, imbricate scales; on either side of the base of tail are 2 white flattened tubercles; tail much longer than head and body (Loveridge 1947: 52).

Color. Above, sandy buff or brownish; a dark brown streak from nostril through eye to shoulder; occiput and back spotted with dark brown the spots tending to form cross bars, some paler speckling; limbs sparsely spotted; tail with brown cross bars. Below, whitish (Loveridge 1947: 53). 
CommentDistribution: Not in Libya. Schleich et al. (1996) included a single record of this species from Libya which was based on Schnurrenberger’s (1962) earlier record (actually from N’el Mehershema) and certainly refers to T. steudneri (Bauer et al. 2017). See map in Machado et al. 2020 (Fig. 1). Ribeiro-Júnior et al. 2022 restricted T. nattereri to S Israel and the Sinai, and split off other populations into a new species, T. yomtovi.

Type locality: Steindachner says in his description that often they only spent “a few hours collecting by the coast” during “short trips", and as they travelled by boat, the type localities appear to be close to the coast. 
EtymologyNamed after Johannes Natterer (1787-1843), ornithologist, and custos at the Natural History Cabinet in Vienna. See Bastos & Sa 2011 for further biographical details. 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see http://goo.gl/81SBPv]
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Bastos, Francisco Inácio & Magali Romero Sa 2011. The scientist as historian: Paulo Vanzolini and the origins of zoology in Brazil. História, Ciências, Saúde – Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro 18 (4): 1021-1038 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Jonathan C. DeBoer , Dylan J. Taylor 2017. Atlas of the Reptiles of Libya. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (8): 155-318 - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Handal, Elias N.; Zuhair S. Amr, Mazin B. Qumsiyeh 2016. Some Records of Reptiles from the Palestinian Territories. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (4): 261-270 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Machado, Luís, Daniele Salvi, D James Harris, José C Brito, Pierre-André Crochet, Philippe Geniez, Faraham Ahmadzadeh, and Salvador Carranza. 2020. Systematics, Biogeography and Evolution of the Saharo-Arabian Naked-Toed Geckos Genus Tropiocolotes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 155: 106969 [print 2021] - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Amos Belmaker, Daniel Berkowic, Kesem Kazes, Erez Maza, Guy Bar-Oz and Roi Dor 2019. A checklist of Israeli land vertebrates. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution - get paper here
  • Pasteur, G. 1960. Redecouverte et validite probable du Gekkonide Tropiocolotes nattereri Steindachner. Comptes Rendus des Seances Mensuelles, Societe de Sciences Naturelles et Physique du Maroc 8: 143-144.
  • Pola, L., Hejduk, V., Winkelhöfer, T., Zíka, A., Baker, M. A. A., & Amr, Z. S. 2020. Recent Observations on Amphibians and Reptiles in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Jordan Journal of Natural History, 7: 11-29 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, M. A., Tamar, K., Maza, E., Flecks, M., Wagner, P., Shacham, B., Calvo, M., Geniez, P., Crochet, P.-A., Koch, C., & Meiri, S. 2022. Taxonomic revision of the Tropiocolotes nattereri (Squamata, Gekkonidae) species complex, with the description of a new species from Israel, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Zoologica Scripta, 00, 1–22 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schlüter, U. 2004. Zwerggeckos (Tropiocolotes PETERS 1880) aus Nordafrika - Lebensräume, Verhalten, Pflege und Nachzucht. Draco 5 (18): 52-58 - get paper here
  • Shacham,B. & Shifman,S. 1998. The Tropiocolotes species in Israel is T. nattereri. Israel J. Zool. 44: 88
  • Shifman, S., B. Shacham & Y. L. Werner 1999. Tropiocolotes nattereri (Reptilia: Gekkonidae): comments on validity, variation and distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 17: 51 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1901. Berichte der Comission für Oceanographische Forschungen. Expedition S. M. Schiff "Pola" in das Rothe Meer nördliche und südliche Hälfte. 1895/96 und 1897/98. Zoologische Ergebnisse. XVII. Bericht über die herpetologischen Aufsammlungen. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, Wien, 69: 325-335 [1900]
  • Werner, Y.L. 1995. A guide to the reptiles and amphibians of Israel. [in Hebrew] Yefe-Nof, Yerusalem, 86 pp.
  • Werner,Y.L. 1988. Herpetofaunal survey of Israel (1950-1985), with comments on Sinai and Jordan and on zoogeographical heterogeneity. in: Yom-Tov,Y. & Tchernov, E. (eds.) The zoogeography of Israel, Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht (Netherlands); ISBN 90-6193-650-0
  • Wilms, Thomas M.; , Mohammed Shobrak & Philipp Wagner 2010. A new species of the genus Tropiocolotes from Central Saudi Arabia (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (2): 275–280 - get paper here
 
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