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Uracentron azureum (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesUracentron azureum azureum (LINNAEUS 1758)
Uracentron azureum guentheri BOULENGER 1895
Uracentron azureum werneri MERTENS 1925 
Common NamesE: Green Thornytail Iguana
G: Dornschwanzleguan 
SynonymLacerta azurea LINNAEUS 1758: 202
Stellio brevicaudatus LATREILLE 1802: 29
Stellio azureus — LATREILLE 1802
Uromastyx azurea — MERREM 1820
Uracentron azureum — KAUP 1826: 88
Doryphorus brevicaudatus — CUVIER 1829: plate 6
Urocentron azurea — WAGLER 1830
Uranocentron [sp. ?] — GRAY 1831
Doryphorus azureus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 371
Uranocentrum [sp. ?] — O'SHAUGHNESSY 1881
Uracentron azureum — BOULENGER 1885: 182
Hoplurus azureus — SCHLEGEL 1858
Urocentron azureum — ANDERSSON 1900: 8
Uracentron azureum — PETERS et al. 1970: 273
Uracentron azureum — HOOGMOED & AVILA-PIRES 1991: 78
Tropidurus azureum — FROST 1992
Tropidurus azureus — HARVEY & GUTBERLET 2000
Uracentron azureum — FROST et al. 2001
Tropidurus azureus — LEHR 2002: 87

Uracentron azureum guentheri BOULENGER 1895
Uracentron guentheri BOULENGER 1895: 729
Uracentron guentheri — PETERS et al. 1970: 274
Uracentron guentheri — DIXON & SOINI 1975
Uracentron azureum guentheri — GREENE 1977: 258
Uracentron azureum guentheri — RIBEIRO-JUNIOR & AMARAL 2016

Uracentron azureum werneri MERTENS 1925
Uracentron werneri MERTENS 1925: 75
Uracentron werneri — PETERS et al. 1970: 274
Uracentron azureum werneri — GREENE 1977: 258
Uracentron azureum werneri — AVILA-PIRES 1995: 210
Uracentron azureum werneri — RIBEIRO-JUNIOR & AMARAL 2016 
DistributionGuyana, Suriname, French Guiana, N Brazil (Pará)

guentheri: E Peru (Loreto), NW Brazil (W Amazonas)

werneri: Venezuela (Amazonas [HR 34: 386], Orinoco Valley), Colombia

Type locality: “Africa” (in error)  
TypesHolotype: NRM (RMS, Royal Museum Stockholm); iconotype after Seba 1735: p. 62.
Type: BMNH 1946.8.29.85 (possibly, fide P. Campbell, pers. comm., May 2019) [guentheri]
Holotype: SMF 11203, male [werneri] 
CommentUracentron has been redefined as synonym of Tropidurus by Frost (1992). Illustrations of U. a. werneri in Lamar (1997).

Probably also in Bolivia (fide LANGSTROTH 2005)

Type species: Lacerta azurea LINNAEUS 1758: 202 is the type species of the genus Uracentron KAUP 1826. 
  • Andersson, L.G. 1900. Catalogue of Linnean type-specimens of Linnaeus's Reptilia in the Royal Museum in Stockholm. [type catalogue] Bihang till Konglika Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens. Handlingar. Stockholm. (4) 26 (1): 1-29. - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. & Rainer Günther 2014. Die Amphibien und Reptilien aus der von Borcke-Sammlung des Berliner Museums für Naturkunde: eine Fundgrube für verschollen geglaubtes Seba-Material. Sekretär 14 (1): 3-33 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1895. Second report on additions to the lizard collection in the Natural History Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1894: 722-736 [published in April 1895 fide A. Bauer] - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J. R.; Soini, P. 1975. The reptiles of the upper Amazon basin, Iquitos region, Peru, Part I. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology 4: 1-58 [1986?]
  • Duellman, W. E. 2005. Cusco Amazónico: The Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles in an Amazonian Rainforest. Comstock Pub Assoc.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Etheridge, Richard 1968. A review of the iguanid lizard genera Uracentron and Strobilurus. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology 17 (2): 47-64 - get paper here
  • Frost, Darrel R. 1992. Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of the Tropidurus group of lizards (Iguania: Tropidurudae). American Museum Novitates (3033): 1-68 - get paper here
  • Frost, Darrel R., Miguel T. Rodrigues, Taran Grant, and Tom A. Titus 2001. Phylogenetics of the Lizard Genus Tropidurus (Squamata: Tropiduridae: Tropidurinae): Direct Optimization, Descriptive Efficiency, and Sensitivity Analysis of Congruence Between Molecular Data and Morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21 (3): 352–371 - get paper here
  • Greene,H. 1977. Lizards of the genus Uracentron (Iguanidae) in east-central Colombia. Herpetologica 33: 256-260. - get paper here
  • HARVEY, Michael B. & RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of the tropidurine lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae), including new characters of squamation and epidermal microstructure. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 189–233. - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. Annotoated checklist of the herpetofauna of Petit Saut, Sinnamary River, French Guiana. Zoologische Mededelingen 65: 53-88 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zoologische Mededelingen 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Kaup, J. 1826. Beyträge zu Amphibiologie und Ichthyologie. Isis von Oken 18-19: 87-89 - get paper here
  • Lamar, W.W. 1997. Rustlers! Fauna 1 (1): 34-39
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
  • Latreille, P.A. 1802. In: C.N.S. Sonnini de Manoncourt and P.A. Latreille. Histoire Naturelle des Reptiles, avec Figures Déssinnées d'après Nature. Vol. 2. Détérville, Paris [1802] - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Mertens, Robert 1925. Zwei neue Eidechsen aus Venezuela. Senckenbergiana 7 (3/4): 75-78
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Morato, Sérgio Augusto Abrahão; Guilherme Nunes Ferreira; Michela Rossane Cavilha Scupino (eds.) 2018. Herpetofauna da Amazônia Central: Estudos na FLONA de Saracá-Taquera. Curitiba, Pr: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas, Pa: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A., 2018.<br />210p. - get paper here
  • Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • Rabosky, Daniel L.; Rudolf von May, Michael C. Grundler and Alison R. Davis Rabosky 2019. The Western Amazonian Richness Gradient for Squamate Reptiles: Are There Really Fewer Snakes and Lizards in Southwestern Amazonian Lowlands? Diversity 11: 199; doi:10.3390/d11100199 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. I. Dactyloidae, Hoplocercidae, Iguanidae, Leiosauridae, Polychrotidae, Tropiduridae. Zootaxa 3983 (1): 001–110 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Seba, A. 1734. Locupletissimi Rerum naturalium Thesauri accurata Descriptio, et Iconibus artificiosissimus Expressio, per universam Physices Historiam. Opus, cui in hoc Rerum Genere, nullum par exstitit. Vol. 1. Janssonio-Waesbergios, Amsterdam. 178 pp. - get paper here
  • Vitt, L.; Magnusson, W.E.; Ávila-Pires, T.C. & Lima, A.P. 2008. Guide to the Lizards of Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Central Amazonia. Attema, Manaus, 180 pp.
  • Werning, H. 2019. Die Herrscher des Waldes – baumbewohnende Leguane. Reptilia (Münster) 24 (138): 14-19 - get paper here
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