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Uropeltis nitida (BEDDOME, 1878)

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Southern Earth Snake 
SynonymSilybura nitida BEDDOME 1878
Silybura nitida — BEDDOME 1886: 19
Silybura nitida — BOULENGER 1893: 151
Uropeltis nitidus — SMITH 1943: 76
Uropeltis nitida — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 147
Uropeltis nitidus — DAS 2003
Uropeltis nitida — WALLACH et al. 2014: 766 
DistributionS India (Anaimalai Hills, Cochin side, 4000-5000 feet, Kerala).

Type locality: ,,Anamallays, 4000 to 5000 feet".  
Reproductionovovivparous 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.1.16.31 [previously 78.1.11.1 or 2], designated by Jins et al. 2018. Former syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.16.30 (formerly 78.1.11.1); 1946.1.13.97 (formerly 78.1.11.2); MNHN (= MHNP) 95.87 (2 specimens). 
DiagnosisSnout acutely pointed; portion of rostral visible from above as long as the distance between it and the middle of the frontal, separating the nasals for more than half their length; eye less than half the length of the oeular shieId. Scales in 17 rows; V. 184-195, one and a third times as broad as the adjacent scales; C. 5-11. End of tail slightly flattened above, without well-defined disc, the terminal scales strongly multicarinate; terminal scute as in ellioti. (Smith 1943: 76)

Coloration: Black with distant large yellow spots below, which usually alternate, but sometimes meet to form cross-bars. (Smith 1943: 76)

Size: Total length: 340, diameter 10 mm (Smith 1943: 76) 
Comment 
References
  • Beddome, R.H. 1878. Descriptions of new Uropeltidae from Southern India, with remarks on some previously described species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1878: 154-155 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Constable, JOHN D. 1949. Reptiles from the Indian Peninsula in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 103: 59-160. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • JINS, V.J.; FILIPA L. SAMPAIO, DAVID J. GOWER 2018. A new species of Uropeltis Cuvier, 1829 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from the Anaikatty Hills of the Western Ghats of India. Zootaxa 4415 (3): 401–422 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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