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Vermicella multifasciata (LONGMAN, 1915)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Northern Bandy Bandy 
SynonymFurina multifasciata LONGMAN 1915: 30
Vermicella multifasciata — COGGER 1983: 240
Vermicella multifasciata — COGGER 2000: 696
Vermicella multifasciata — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Vermicella multifasciata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 785 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)

Type locality: Port Darwin, N. T.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: QM J2019 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Vermicella multifasciata can be differentiated from V. annulata, V. intermedia, and V. vermiformis by the higher number of body and tail bands and the thinner relative body width. V. multifasciata can be differentiated from V. annulata, V. snelli, and V. vermiformis by condition of the internasal scales (absent in V. multifasciata and V. intermedia). V. multifasciata has much thinner black and white bands than V. annulata, V. snelli, and V. intermedia, and bands slightly thinner than V. intermedia. See Figs 4-6 for interspecific comparisons in these characters (Keogh & Smith 1996).

Variation: Two of the five V. multifasciata specimens display body and tail bands which completely encircle the body, whereas the other specimens display a mottled black and white pattern on the ventral surface (Keogh & Smith 1996). 
CommentVermicella multifasciata is restricted to those specimens from the Darwin area that display exceptionally high numbers of, and very thin, body bands.

Venomous! 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • DEREZ, CHANTELLE M.; KEVIN ARBUCKLE, ZHIQIANG RUAN, BING XIE, YU HUANG, LAUREN DIBBEN, QIONG SHI, FREEK J. VONK, BRYAN G. FRY 2018. A new species of bandy-bandy (Vermicella: Serpentes: Elapidae) from the Weipa region, Cape York, Australia. Zootaxa 4446 (1): 001–012 [erratum in Zootaxa 4461(4): 600] - get paper here
  • Keogh, J.S.; Smith, S.A. 1996. Taxonomy and natural history of the Australian bandy-bandy snakes (Elapidae: Vermicella) with a description of two new species. Journal of Zoology 240: 677-701 - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1915. Reptiles from Queensland and the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 3: 30-34.
  • Somaweera, R. 2009. Snakes of Darwin. Poster, University of Sydney
  • Storr, G. M. 1968. The genus Vermicella (Serpentes : Elapidae) in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. J. Royal Soc. Western Australia. 50: 80-92 - get paper here
  • Waite, E. R. & Longman, H. A. 1920. Description of little-known Australian snakes. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 1: 173-180 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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