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Xenagama wilmsi WAGNER, MAZUCH & BAUER, 2013

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Wilms’ Biberschwanzagame 
SynonymXenagama wilmsi WAGNER, MAZUCH & BAUER 2013 

Type locality: ca. 42 km SE of Jijiga (Ogaden), Ethiopia at 09°09.353′N, 43°07.96′2E at 1742 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 93255 (Fig. 13), collected by Tomas Mazuch on 18.VII.2011. Paratypes: ZFMK 93256 with the same data as the holotype. ZFMK 73281 from ‘Jeldessa’. AMNH 145459 from ‘Bale, 16 km E Dodola on hwy’. AMNH 145460 from ‘Bale on Arsi Border, 9 km N Dodola, on hwy Wabeshebele River’. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large Xenagama (SVL of males up to 96.5 mm) with a short plump head, smooth to keeled head scalation and an occipital scale not larger than other head scales. The nasal scale is on the canthus rostralis. Ear hole surrounded in front and above by single short conical scales Tufts of elongated scales around the ear and or on the neck are lacking. Tympanum super- ficial. No neck crest present. Body scalation heterogeneous, with small matrix scales and intermixed keeled enlarged scales. Gular and ventral scales smooth. Tail shorter than the body and head, discoidal part not well developed, narrower than in X. batillifera or X. taylori, but broader than in X. zonura, twice as long as broad, gradually merging into the terminal filament. Discoidal part of the tail arranged in whorls with one scale ring each. Tail filament without distinct whorls. 
CommentSimilar species: X. batillifera 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Thomas M. Wilms “in recognition of his important contributions to North African and Arabian reptiles in general and the spiny-tailed agamid genera Uromastyx and Saara in particular”. 
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp 2013. Xenagama wilmsi, eine neue Agamenart aus Somalia. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (5): 47 - get paper here
  • WAGNER, PHILIPP, TOMAS MAZUCH and AARON M. BAUER 2013. An extraordinary tail – integrative review of the agamid genus Xenagama. J Zoolog Syst Evol Res doi: 10.1111/jzs.12016 - get paper here
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