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Xenodon severus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Amazon False Fer-de-lance 
SynonymColuber severus LINNAEUS 1758: 219
Cerastes severus — LAURENTI 1768: 84
Coluber breviceps SHAW 1802: 430
Coluber (Natrix) versicolor MERREM 1820: 95
Coluber saurocephalus WIED 1824: 668
Xenodon severus — FITZINGER 1826: 57
Xenodon severus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 756
Xenodon severus — BOULENGER 1894: 149
Xenodon severus — BEEBE 1946: 44
Xenodon severus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 325
Xenodon severus — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Xenodon severus — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Xenodon severus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 786
Xenodon severus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Pará, Acre), S Venezuela (e.g. Falcon: [HR 30: 115], Cojedes), SE Colombia, E Ecuador, Peru (Amazonas, Cuzco, Huánuco, Junín, Loreto, Madre de Díos, Pasco, San Martín, Ucuyali), NE Bolivia, French Guiana, Guyana

Type locality: “Asia” (in error)  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: NRM (= NHR = RMS) Stockholm 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Type species: Coluber severus LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Xenodon FITZINGER 1824. Xenodon is also the type genus of the tribe Xenodontini that contains Erythrolamprus, Lygophis, Xenodon, Eutrachelophis, and Baliodryas (Zaher & Prudente 2019).

Venomous! (Minton and Minton, 1980) 
References
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