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Xenosaurus arboreus (LYNCH & SMITH, 1965)

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Higher TaxaXenosauridae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Arboreal Knob-scaled Lizard
S: Xenosauro Arboricola 
SynonymXenosaurus arboreus LYNCH & SMITH 1965
Xenosaurus grandis arboreus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Xenosaurus arboreus — NIETO-MONTES DE OCA et al. 2013
Xenosaurus arboreus — NIETO-MONTES DE OCA et al. 2016 
DistributionMexico (SE Oaxaca)

Type locality: Mexico: Siera Madre, N of Zanatepec, Oaxaca;  
TypesHolotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 56576 T. MacDougall; February, 1964 
EtymologyThe generic name is derived from the Greek words xenos, meaning "stranger or guest" and saurus, meaning "lizard." When this lizard was discovered, the name presumably was applied in reference to its odd appearance, compared to that of other lizard species in the area (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013). 
  • Lynch, John D.; Smith, Hobart M. 1965. A new species of Xenosaurus (Reptilia: Xenosauridae) from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 68 (1): 163-172 - get paper here
  • Nieto-Montes de Oca, Adrián; Anthony J. Barley, Rubi N. Meza-Lázaro, Uri O. García-Vázquez, Joan G. Zamora-Abrego, Robert C. Thomson, Adam D. Leaché 2016. Phylogenomics and species delimitation in the knob-scaled lizards of the genus Xenosaurus (Squamata: Xenosauridae) using ddRADseq data reveal a substantial underestimation of diversity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 241-253 - get paper here
  • Nieto-Montes de Oca, Adrián; Uri O. García-Vázquez, J. Jaime Zúñiga-Vega and Walter Schmidt-Ballardo 2013. A new species of Xenosaurus (Squamata: Xenosauridae) from the Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve of Querétaro, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 84: 485-498 - get paper here
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