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Xylophis stenorhynchus (GÜNTHER, 1875)

IUCN Red List - Xylophis stenorhynchus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaPareidae (Xylophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Günther's Mountain Snake 
SynonymGeophis stenorhynchus GÜNTHER 1875: 230
Xylophis indicus BEDDOME 1878 (fide SMITH 1943)
Xylophis stenorhynchus — BOULENGER 1890
Xylophis stenorhynchus — BOULENGER 1893: 304
Xylophis stenorhynchus — SMITH 1943: 343
Xylophis stenorhynchus — DAS 1996: 60
Xylophis stenorhynchus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 804 
DistributionIndia (Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu) elevation ca. 1200 m.

Type locality: Travancore, India. Travancore is an historical political region corresponding approximately to the southern part of the current state of Kerala (Fig. 6; Biju 2001).  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.14.13 (male), BMNH 1946.1.14.14 (male), and BMNH 1946.1.14.15 (female). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Colubroid snakes with first (anteriormost) three pairs of infralabial shields reduced to narrow strips, together much smaller than large pair of anterior chin (genial) shields(Deepak et al. 2018).
CommentType species: Geophis stenorhynchus GÜNTHER 1875: 230 is the type species of the genus Xylophis BEDDOME 1878. Xylophis BEDDOME 1878 is also the type species of the new subfamily, Xylophiinae DEEPAK et al. 2019.

Key: Deepak et al. 2020 and Narayanan et la. 2021 provided keys to the species of Xylophis. 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1878. Description of a new genus of snakes of the family Calamaridae, from Southern India. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1878: 576 - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Deepak, V.; Sara Ruane & David J. Gower 2018. A new subfamily of fossorial colubroid snakes from the Western Ghats of peninsular India. Journal of Natural History, 52:45-46, 2919-2934, DOI: 10.1080/00222933. - get paper here
  • Gower, D.J. & Winkler 2007. Taxonomy of The IndIan snake Xylophis Beddome (Serpentes: Caenophidia), with description of a new species. Hamadryad 31 (2): 315-329 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1875. Second report on collections of Indian Reptiles obtained bv the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1875: 224-234 - get paper here
  • Inger, Robert F.;Shaffer, H. Bradley;Koshy, Mammen;Bakde, Ramesh 1984. A report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from the Ponmudi, Kerala, South India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 81 (3): 551-570 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Ruane, S. and Austin, C. C. 2017. Phylogenomics using formalin-fixed and 100+ year old intractable natural history specimens. Mol Ecol Resour., doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12655 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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