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Ablepharus kitaibelii (BIBRON & BORY ST-VINCENT, 1833)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAblepharus kitaibelii kitaibelii (BIBRON & BORY 1833) Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi STEPANEK 1937 Ablepharus kitaibelii fitzingeri MERTENS 1952 Ablepharus kitaibelii stepaneki FUHN 1970 
Common NamesE: Juniper Skink, Snake-eyed skink G: Johanniseidechse Croatian: ivanjski rovaš 
SynonymAblepharis Kitaibelii BIBRON & BORY ST-VINCENT 1833: 69 Ablepharus pannonicus FITZINGER 1824 Ablepharus Kitaibelii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 809 Ablepharus Kitaibelii — GRAVENHORST 1851: 358 Ablepharus pannonicus kitaibelii — STEPÁNEK 1944: 141 Ablepharus kitaibelii — GREER 1974: 9 Ablepharus kitaibeli — ENGELMANN et al 1993 Ablepharus kitaibelii — SCHMIDTLER 1997 Ablepharus kitaibelii — SKOURTANIOTI et al. 2016 Ablepharus kitaibelii stepaneki FUHN 1970 Ablepharus kitaibelii stepaneki — SCHLÜTER 2005 Ablepharus kitaibelii stepaneki — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi STEPANEK 1937 Ablepharus pannonicus fabichii STEPANEK 1937 Ablepharus pannonicus fabichii — STEPÁNEK 1944: 143 Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 Ablepharus kitaibelii fitzingeri MERTENS 1952 Ablepharus pannonicus FITZINGER 1824 (part.) Ablepharus kitaibelii fitzingeri MERTENS 1952: 49 (nom. nov.) Ablepharus kitaibelii fitzingeri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionGreece (Aegean islands: Paros, Antiparos, Despotiko, Strongylo, Tourlos, Preza, Glaropunta, Panteronisi, Cyprus, Rhodos, Peloponnes, Syphnos, Corfu, Lesbos, Samos, Samothraki, Milos: Kimolos, Tinos, Astypalea), Romania, Bulgaria, former Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Hungary, Albania, Czechoslovakia, European Soviet Union (Caucasus) Turkey [Fuhn 1970, Okan 1996], Syria, Iraq ?, Egypt (Sinai), Jordan, Lebanon fabichi: Mikronisi, Karpathos, Kasos, and Armathia islands)(the latter in some texts erroneously referred to as “Amathia ”); Type locality: “Insel Mikronisi von der Inselgruppe Hag. Nikolaos an der Ostküste Kretas”. kitaibelii: Greece and Aegean islands, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Transjordania, Irak, and Sinai; Type locality: restricted to “Ruinen von Pylos, Messenien” by MERTENS & MÜLLER 1928. fitzingeri: Slovakia, N Serbia, Hungary, Greece (Corfu = Corfou) stepaneki: Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Albania  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 5392 Holotype: NMP P6V-005303 (also given as MNHP 5375/36; Nat. Mus. Prag) [fabichi] Syntypes: ZMB 1346 (2 specimens); Bucharei [= Bukhoro, Uzbekistan]; coll. Eduard Eversmann. 1821, cited as lost by Fuhn 1970 [fitzingeri] Holotype: MGAB (given as MIN G. Antipa Bukarest Nr. 150), Paratypes: ISBB (also as IBTS, Bukarest) [stepaneki] 
CommentDistribution: based on previous entry before splitting off A. kitaibeli chernovi as separate species. Not listed by SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996. Not in Israel (and probably nearby countries) where it is replaced by A. rueppellii. Subspecies after ENGELMANN et al. 1993. SCHMIDTLER 1997 does not discuss any subspecies of this species. Mentioned as synonym of A. pannonicus by Mertens (1931: 67) and others. Ablepharus pannonicus FITZINGER 1824 was actually an A. kitaibelii fitzingeri MERTENS 1952 (nom. nov.). A. kitaibelii appears paraphyletic with respect to A.budaki and A. chernovi (Poulakakis et al. 2005). The European subspecies of A. kitaibelii intergrade from north to south (A. k. fitzingeri to A. k. stepaneki to A. k. kitaibelii; Ljubisavljevic et al. 2002). SCHMIDTLER (1997) restricted the species A. kitaibelii to populations from the Balkan Peninsula, and western and central Anatolia, but not reaching the southern coast of Turkey. A. k. fabichi does not seem to be clearly separated genetically from A. k. kitaibelii (Poulakakis et al. 2005). Ablepharus kitaibelii budaki GÖCMEN, KUMLUTAP & TOPUNODLU 1996 has been raised to full species status by SCHMIDTLER (1997). Types: Fuhn (1969b) also listed BMNH 1946.8.18.47 as a syntype and Darevsky in Fuhn (1969b) indicatcd that a holotype (lost) was prcesent in the collection of the Zoological Institute in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). 
EtymologyNamed after Pal Kitaibel 
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