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Ablepharus kitaibelii (BIBRON & BORY ST-VINCENT, 1833)

IUCN Red List - Ablepharus kitaibelii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesAblepharus kitaibelii kitaibelii (BIBRON & BORY 1833)
Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi STEPANEK 1938
Ablepharus kitaibelii fitzingeri MERTENS 1952
Ablepharus kitaibelii stepaneki FUHN 1970 
Common NamesE: Juniper Skink, Snake-eyed skink
G: Johanniseidechse 
SynonymAblepharis Kitaibelii BIBRON & BORY ST-VINCENT 1833: 69
Ablepharus pannonicus FITZINGER 1824
Ablepharus Kitaibelii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 809
Ablepharus Kitaibelii — GRAVENHORST 1851: 358
Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi STEPANEK 1938
Ablepharus pannonicus fabichii STEPANEK 1938
Ablepharus kitaibelii — GREER 1974: 9
Ablepharus kitaibeli — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Ablepharus kitaibelii — SCHMIDTLER 1997

Ablepharus kitaibelii stepaneki FUHN 1970
Ablepharus kitaibelii stepaneki — SCHLÜTER 2005
Ablepharus kitaibelii stepaneki — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi STEPANEK 1938
Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Ablepharus kitaibelii fitzingeri MERTENS 1952
Ablepharus kitaibelii fitzingeri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionGreece (Aegean islands: Paros, Antiparos, Despotiko, Strongylo, Tourlos, Preza, Glaropunta, Panteronisi, Cyprus, Rhodos, Peloponnes, Syphnos, Corfu, Lesbos, Samos, Samothraki, Milos, Tinos), Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Albania, Czechoslovakia,
European Soviet Union (Caucasus)
Turkey [Fuhn 1970, Okan 1996],
Syria, Transjordan, Iraq ?, Egypt (Sinai), Israel, Jordan, Lebanon

Type locality: restricted to “Ruinen von Pylos, Messenien” by MERTENS & MÜLLER 1928.

fabichi: Mikronisi, Karpathos, Kasos, and Armathia islands)(the latter in some texts erroneously referred to as “Amathia ”); Type locality: “Insel Mikronisi von der Inselgruppe Hag.
Nikolaos an der Ostküste Kretas”.

kitaibelii: Greece and Aegean islands, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Israel, Transjordania, Irak, and Sinai

fitzingeri: Slovakia, N Serbia, Hungary, Greece (Corfu = Corfou)

stepaneki: Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Albania Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 5392
Holotype: Nat. Mus. Prag: I . No 5375/36 [fabichi] 
CommentDistribution based on previous entry before splitting off A. kitaibeli chernovi as separate species. Not listed by SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996.

Subspecies after ENGELMANN et al. 1993. SCHMIDTLER 1997 does not discuss any subspecies of this species. Mentioned as synonym of A. pannonicus by Mertens (1931: 67) and others.

Ablepharus pannonicus FITZINGER 1824 was actually an A. kitaibelii fitzingeri MERTENS 1952 (nom. nov.). A. kitaibelii appears paraphyletic with respect to A.budaki and A.chernovi (Poulakakis et al. 2005). The European subspecies of A. kitaibelii intergrade from north to south (A.k.fitzingeri to A.k.stepaneki to A.k.kitaibelii; Ljubisavljevic et al. 2002). SCHMIDTLER (1997) restricted the species A. kitaibelii to populations from the Balkan Peninsula, and western and central Anatolia, but not reaching the southern coast of Turkey. A. k. fabichi does not seem to be clearly separated genetically from A. k. kitaibelii (Poulakakis et al. 2005). Ablepharus kitaibelii budaki GÖCMEN, KUMLUTAP & TOPUNODLU 1996 has been raised to full species status by SCHMIDTLER (1997). 
References
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