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Acanthocercus atricollis (SMITH, 1849)

IUCN Red List - Acanthocercus atricollis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesAcanthocercus atricollis atricollis (SMITH 1849)
Acanthocercus atricollis gregorii (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Acanthocercus atricollis kiwuensis (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Acanthocercus atricollis loveridgei (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Acanthocercus atricollis minutus (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Acanthocercus atricollis ugandaensis (KLAUSEWITZ 1957) 
Common NamesE: Black-necked (Ridgeback) agama, Southern Tree Agama, Blue-throated Agama, Blue-headed tree agama
G: Blaukehlagame 
SynonymAgama atricollis SMITH 1849: 14
Agama atricollis — BOULENGER 1885: 358
Agama atricollis — SCHMIDT 1919: 477
Agama atricollis — MERTENS 1955: 55
Agama atricollis — AUERBACH 1987: 95
Agama atricollis — LANZA 1983: 208
Stellio atricollis — LANZA 1990
Acanthocercus atricollis — JOGER 1991
Stellio atricollis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 11
Stellio atricollis — BROADLEY 1991: 522
Laudakia atricollis — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 76
Laudakia atricollis kuwuensis — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 76
Acanthocercus atricollis — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Agama atricollis — COOPER 2005

Acanthocercus atricollis atricollis (SMITH 1849)
Stellio capensis DUMÉRIL in DUMÉRIL et al. 1851: 106
Stellio nigricollis BOCAGE 1866: 43 (fide LOVERIDGE 1943)
Agama cyanocephala FALK 1925
Agama atricollis atricollis — KLAUSEWITZ 1957: 161
Agama atricollis atricollis — WERMUTH 1967: 9

Acanthocercus atricollis gregorii (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Agama gregorii GÜNTHER 1894: 86
Agama atricollis gregorii — KLAUSEWITZ 1957: 165
Agama atricollis gregorii — WERMUTH 1967: 9
Acanthocercus atricollis gregorii — MANTHEY 2012

Acanthocercus atricollis kiwuensis (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Agama atricollis kiwuensis — KLAUSEWITZ 1957: 167
Agama atricollis kiwuensis — WERMUTH 1967: 9

Acanthocercus atricollis loveridgei (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Agama atricollis loveridgei — KLAUSEWITZ 1957: 163
Agama atricollis loveridgei — WERMUTH 1967: 9

Acanthocercus atricollis minutus (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Agama atricollis loveridgei — KLAUSEWITZ 1957: 170
Agama atricollis loveridgei — WERMUTH 1967: 9

Acanthocercus atricollis ugandaensis (KLAUSEWITZ 1957)
Agama atricollis ugandaensis — KLAUSEWITZ 1957: 169
Agama atricollis ugandaensis — WERMUTH 1967: 9 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa, Namibia, E Botswana (Lobatsi), Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia (Lanza 1990), C/E/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda

atricollis: S Africa, incl. “Portugese Est Africa, N Rhodesia, Portugese West Africa” (after WERMUTH 1967).

gregorii: coastal Kenya. Type locality: Mkonumbi (coast of Kenya).

kiwuensis: Kongo. Type locality: Kissenji, Kiwu-See.

loveridgei: Tanzania. Type locality: Kakoma, Ost-Afrika.

minuta: Ethiopia, Kenya. Type locality: Dscheffedenza, Shoa, Abessinien.

ugandaensis: Uganda, Tanzania. Type locality: Uganda.

Type locality: Interior of Southern Africa and the country near Port Natal. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: BMNH (designated by Klausewitz 1957) [atricollis]
Holotype: SMF 10138; paratypes: ZMB 16906 (fide TILLACK, pers. comm. 22 Jan 2014) [loveridgei]
Lectotype: ZSM 51/1932 [gregorii]
Holotype: ZMB 17693 [kiwuensis]
Holotype: ZMB 11904 [ugandaensis]
Holotype: ZMB 29089 [minuta] 
CommentEcology: A. atricollis lives in structured colonies with one dominant male, several females and juveniles. Although generally known as diurnal, A. atricollis has been noted to show nocturnal activity in some situations (Reaney & Whiting 2003).

Diet: dominated by ants and beetles.

types: DENZER et al. (1997) mention Agama (Stellio) Antinorii PETERS & DORIA, a name that was mentioned in the ZMB type catalogue but apparently was never published. 
References
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis] In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Auerbach,R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Barts, M. 2003. Die Agamen des südlichen Afrikas. Draco 4 (14): 70-79 - get paper here
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1866. Lista dos reptis das possessões portuguezas d'Africa occidental que existem no Museu Lisboa. Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa 1: 37-56
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1991. The Herpetofauna of Northern Mwinilunga Distr., Northw. Zambia. Arnoldia Zimbabwe 9 (37): 519-538
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo] African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • de Witte, G. F. 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
  • Denzer, Wolfgang; Günther, Rainer; Manthey, Ulrich 1997. Annotated type catalogue of the Agamid lizards (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) in the Museum für Naturkunde der Humbolt-Universität zu Berlin (former Zoological Museum Berlin). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 73 (2): 309-332
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. DUMÉRIL 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Falk 1925. Bl. Aquar. Terr. Kunde, Stuttgart 36: 81
  • Grubenmann, M. 2013. Einige fotografische Beobachtungen an Agamen in Kenia, Tansania, Malawi, Südafrika und Namibia. Iguana 26 (1): 23-33 [spelled as Grubermann on paper]
  • Günther, A. 1894. Report on the collection of reptiles and fishes made by Dr. J. W. Gregory during his expedition to Mount Kenia [sic]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1894: 84-91 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1895. Notice of Reptiles and Batrachians collected in the eastern half of tropical Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 15: 523-529. - get paper here
  • Haagner,G.V.; Branch,W.R. & Haagner,A.J.F. 2000. Notes on a collection of reptiles from Zambia and adjacent areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Annals of the Eastern Cape Museum 1: 1 – 25
  • Joger,U. 1991. A molecular phylogeny of agamid lizards. Copeia 1991 (3): 616-622 - get paper here
  • Klausewitz, W. 1957. Eidonomische Untersuchungen über die Rassenkreise Agama cyanogaster und Agama atricollis. 2. Die Unterarten von Agama atricollis. Senckenb. Biol., 38: 157-174
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Lanza,B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Loveridge, A. 1923. Notes on East African lizards collected 1920-1923 with the description of two new races of Agama lionotus Blgr. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1923: 935-969 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1920. Notes on East African lizards collected 1915-1919, with description of a new genus and species of skink and new subspecies of gecko. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1920: 131-167 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Manthey, S. 2013. Agamentagung 2012. Iguana 26 (1): 8-13
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  • Meek, Seth Eugene;Cory, Charles B. 1910. Batrachians and reptiles from British East Africa. Publication of the Field Museum of Natural history 7 (11): 403-414 - get paper here
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  • Pietersen, Errol and Darren Pietersen 2001. Acanthocercus atricollis Southern Tree Agama African Herp News (33):14
  • Reaney, L.T., and M.J. Whiting. 2002. Life on a limb: ecology of the tree agama (Acanthocercus a. atricollis) in southern Africa. Journal of Zoology 257:439-448
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Smith, A. 1849. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa. 3 (Reptiles). Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
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  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2001. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
  • Wagner, P., E. Greenbaum & A. Bauer 2012. A new species of the Acanthocercus atricollis complex (Squamata: Agamidae) from Zambia. Salamandra 48 (1): 21-30 - get paper here
 
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