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Acanthodactylus cantoris GÜNTHER, 1864

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Indian Fringe-fingered Lizard
G: Pakistanischer Fransenfinger, Indischer Fransenfinger 
SynonymAcanthodactylus cantoris GÜNTHER 1864: 73
Acanthrodactylus [sic] cantoris — STEINDACHNER 1903: 9
Acanthodactylus cantoris — SMITH 1935: 371
Acanthodactylus cantoris — LEVITON 1959: 451
Acanthodactylus cantoris — SALVADOR 1982: 155
Acanthodactylus cantoris — DAS 1996: 48
Acanthodactylus cantoris— HARRIS & ARNOLD 2000
Acanthodactylus cantoris — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionE Afghanistan, Pakistan, NW India (Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat), Jordan, Iran

Type locality: “Ramnagar”  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.4.15—20. 
CommentThe original description is available online (see link).

Subspecies: several subspecies of A. cantoris have been elevated to full species status, namely A. blanfordi, A. arabicus, A. schmidti. There are strong similarities between A. cantoris and A. blanfordi, and their most significant differences are pertaining to osteology characters. In addition, they can be distinguished by hemipenial features, and the separation of postfrontal and postorbital bones in A. blanfordi and fusion of these bones in A. cantoris.

Distribution: not in Iran fide Heidari et al. 2014, but shown in map by SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
References
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.
  • Anderson,S.C. 1963. Amphibians and Reptiles from Iran. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. Ser. 4, 31(16): 417-498 - get paper here
  • Baig, KJ, Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. 2008. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1918. Sur les lézards du genre Acanthodactylus Wieg. Bull. Soc. zool. France 43: 143-155. - get paper here
  • Das, Sanjay Keshari 2015. Notes on unusual behavioural ecology of Acanthodactylus cantoris feeding on Bufoniceps laungewalaensis Herpetology Notes 8: 563-565 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • HEIDARI, NASTARAN; ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI & HIVA FAIZI 2014. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Acanthodactylus Fitzinger, 1834 (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in Iran, inferred from mtDNA Sequences. Zootaxa 3860 (4): 379–395 - get paper here
  • HEIDARI, Nastaran; Hiva FAIZI, Nasrullah RASTEGAR-POUYANI and Eskandar RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2012. A New Record of Acanthodactylus cantoris (Sauria: Lacertidae) and Its Comparison with Closely Related A. blanfordi in Southeastern Iran. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (1): - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E. 1959. Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes. Unpublished PhD Thesis.
  • Mozaffari, O., Kamali, K. 2010. First record of Acanthodactylus from Iran, Sistan & Baluchistan Province. Herpetological Review 41(4): 510-511 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Rais, Muhammad; Ayesha Akram, Syeda Maria Ali, Muhammad Arslan Asadi, Misbah Jahangir, Muhammad Jawad Jilani, <br />and Maqsood Anwar 2015. Qualitative Analysis of Factors Influencing the Diversity and Spatial Distribution of Herpetofauna in Chakwal Tehsil (Chakwal District), Punjab, Pakistan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Salvador, A 1982. A revision of the lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus (Sauria: Lacertidae). BONNER ZOOLOGISCHE MONOGRAPHIEN (No. 16) 1982: 1-167 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2007. Fransenfingereidechsen (Acanthodactylus) in der Natur und im Terrarium. Teil 2: Gundlagen der Terrarienhaltung und Reproduktionsbiologie. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (67): 56-65 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2008. Fransenfingereidechsen (Acanthodactylus) in der Natur und im Terrarium. Teil 3. Die Acanthodactylus-cantoris-Gruppe. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (70): 70-75 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2012. Pflege und Nachzucht von Acanthodactylus cantoris GÜNTHER, 1864. Die Eidechse 23 (1): 19-27
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Steindachner,Franz 1903. Batrachier und Reptilien von Südarabien und Sokotra, gesammelt während der südarabischen Expedition der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-naturwiss. Kl., 112, Abt. 1: 7-14 - get paper here
  • van der Kuyl, Antoinette C.; Donato L. Ph. Ballasina, John T. Dekker, Jolanda Maas, Ronald E. Willemsen and Jaap Goudsmit 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships among the Species of the Genus Testudo (Testudines: Testudinidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial 12S rRNA Gene Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 174-183 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Priliminary Survey on Reptiles of Jassore Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat State, India. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (3): 210-214 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1917. Reptilien aus Persien (Provinz Fars). Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 67:191—220. - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1895. Über eine Sammlung von Reptilien aus Persien, Mesopotamien und Arabien. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 45: 13-22 - get paper here
  • Werner,Y.L. 1988. Herpetofaunal survey of Israel (1950-1985), with comments on Sinai and Jordan and on zoogeographical heterogeneity. in: Yom-Tov,Y. & Tchernov, E. (eds.) The zoogeography of Israel, Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht (Netherlands); ISBN 90-6193-650-0
 
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