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Acanthodactylus erythrurus (SCHINZ, 1833)

IUCN Red List - Acanthodactylus erythrurus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAcanthodactylus erythrurus atlanticus BOULENGER, 1918
Acanthodactylus erythrurus belli GRAY 1845
Acanthodactylus erythrurus erythrurus (SCHINZ, 1833)
Acanthodactylus erythrurus lineomaculatus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839) 
Common NamesE: Fringe-fingered Lizard
G: Europäischer Fransenfinger
D: Roodstaartfransjenhagedis 
SynonymLacerta erythrura SCHINZ 1833: 102
Acanthodactylus vulgaris DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 268
Acanthodactylus vulgaris — BOULENGER 1878: 195
Acanthodactylus vulgaris — BOULENGER 1891: 132
Acanthodactylus vulgaris — BOULENGER 1918
Acanthodactylus erythrurus — MERTENS 1929
Acanthodactylus vulgaris — WERNER 1931
Acanthodactylus vulgaris — BELLAIRS & SHUTE 1954
Acanthodactylus erythrurus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Acanthodactylus erythrurus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 384

Acanthodactylus erythrurus belli GRAY 1845
Acanthodactylus Bellii GRAY 1845: 36
Acanthodactylus erythrurus belli — SALVADOR 1982: 64
Acanthodactylus erythrurus ksourensis DOUMERGUE 1901: 187
Acanthodactylus erythrurus mauritanicus DOUMERGUE 1901: 187
Acanthodactylus erythrurus belli — FONSECA et al. 2009

Acanthodactylus erythrurus atlanticus BOULENGER, 1918
Acanthodactylus erythrurus atlanticus — BISCHOFF 2007
Acanthodactylus erythrurus atlanticus — FONSECA et al. 2009

Acanthodactylus erythrurus lineomaculatus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839)
Acanthodactylus lineo-maculatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 276
Acanthodactylus vulgaris lineomaculatus — HEDIGER 1935
Acanthodactylus erythrurus lineomaculatus —SALVADOR 1982: 63
Acanthodactylus lineomaculatus — BONS & GENIEZ 1995
Acanthodactylus erythrurus tingitanus (fide SALVADOR 1982)
Acanthodactylus erythrurus lineomaculatus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 386
Acanthodactylus lineomaculatus — HARRIS & ARNOLD 2000
Acanthodactylus lineomaculatus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Acanthodactylus erythrurus lineomaculatus — BARATA et al. 2011 
DistributionPortugal, Spain, Gibraltar, NW Morocco, N Algeria

atlanticus: Distribution (Fig. 7): Morocco only; Middle Atlas including the Central Plateau, northern slopes of the High Atlas, plains to the north and west of the Atlases, with the exception of an Atlantic coastal fringe.

belli: eastern plains of Morocco and Algeria.; Type locality: “Algiers”;

erythrurus: The southern two-thirds of the IberianPeninsula, extending northwards along the Mediterranean coast as far as the environs of Gerona. Type locality: “Spanien”

lineomaculatus: W/S Morocco; Type locality: "Mogador". Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: not located (SALVADOR 1982: 57)
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.9.3.8—11 [bellii]
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.9.2.72—73 [atlanticus]
Syntypes: MNHNP, but not located by SALVADOR 1982: 63 (Boulenger 1921 mentioned 10 syntypes in MNHN) [lineomaculatus] 
CommentSyonymy partly after SCHLEICH et al. (1996) and SALVADOR 1982. Genetically, A. lineomaculatus is nested within A. erythrurus. Further analysis may thus reveal that it is synonymous to the latter species (HARRIS et al. 2004). Recent molecular analyses do not support the specific differentiation of A. e. lineomaculatus and A. e. belli, indicating that both morphotypes are probably ecotypical adaptations to different habitats (Fonseca et al., 2009). Acanthodactylus lineomaculatus has been synonymized with A. erythrurus by TAMAR et al. 2016, confirming that this species nests withing erythrurus in molecular data.

Diagnosis (erythrurus): Smooth dorsal scales (or weakly keeled on rear of back), rounded snout, barely concave frontal, entire internasal, usually no interprefrontal granules (exceptionally one), 1st supraocular generally fragmented into fewer than six scales on both sides (sometimes into six scales on both sides), subocular usually in contact with lip (sometimes it is separated from the lip by the 4th and 5th labials that are joined in this case) (from BONS & GENIEZ 1995).

Diagnosis (atlanticus): Smooth dorsal scales (or weakly keeled on rear of back), rounded snout, barely concave frontal, internasal nearly always whole (exceptionally divided), no interprefrontal granules (sometimes one, exceptionally two), 1st supraocular generally fragmented into fewer than six scales on both sides (exceptionally six on one or both sides), subocular generally separated from the lip by a small rectangular or oval scale (exceptionally this small scale is absent and the subocular may or may not be in contact with the lip) (from BONS & GENIEZ 1995).

Diagnosis (belli): Smooth dorsal scales (or weakly keeled on rear of back), rounded snout, barely concave frontal, entire internasal, usually no interprefrontal granules (exceptionally one), 1st supraocular generally fragmented into fewer than six scales on both sides (exceptionally six on one or both sides), subocular in contact with lip (from BONS & GENIEZ 1995).

Diagnosis (lineomaculatus): Strongly keeled dorsal scales, slim pointed snout, concave frontal (with sharply angled lateral edges), internasal usually divided, except north of Rabat, usually one or two granules, except north of Rabat where they are generally absent, 1st supraocular usually fragmented into more than six scales or granules, subocular usually separated from the lip by the 4th and 5th supralabials, the 4th being usually fragmented at the rear by a small trapezoidal scale in localities north of Rabat (from BONS & GENIEZ 1995).

NCBI taxonID: 282410 [lineomaculatus] 
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