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Acanthodactylus guineensis (BOULENGER, 1887)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Guinea Fringe-fingered Lizard 
SynonymEremias guineensis BOULENGER 1887: 51
Eremias (Taenieremias) guineensis — BOULENGER 1918
Eremias (Taenieremias) benuensis MONARD 1949: 737
Eremias guineensis — PAPENFUSS 1969: 275
Acanthodactylus guineensis — SALVADOR 1982: 77
Acanthodactylus guineensis— HARRIS & ARNOLD 2000
Acanthodactylus guineensis — TRAPE, CHIRIO & TRAPE 2012 
DistributionGhana, Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon, Mali, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, probably in Chad and Sudan (Jumhūriyyat), Republic of South Sudan (RSS) (L. Chirio, pers. comm.)

Type locality: Brass, mouth of the Niger”  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.6.31 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Small species. Elongated depressed body. Very sharply pointed head. Relatively short hindlegs. Ill-defined lanceolate concavity. Prefrontals in contact. Two large supraoculars corresponding to the second and third with the fourth divided into two or three scales. Nostril situated among three scales. Two rows of granules between the supraoculars and the superciliaries. Four supralabials anterior to the subocular. Subocular in contact with the upper lip. Small, weakly keeled dorsals. Ten straight transverse rows of ventrals. Toes tricarinate ventrally with scant lateral pectination (Salvador 1982: 77). 
CommentType species: Eremias guineensis BOULENGER 1887 is the type species of the genus Taenieremias BOULENGER 1918.

Synonymy: PAPENFUSS 1969 suggested to synonymize E. benuensis and Eremias guineensis. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Descriptions of new reptiles and batrachians in the British Museum (Natural History), Part iii. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 20: 50-53 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1918. A synopsis of the lizards of the genus Eremias. J. zool. Res. 3: 2
  • Chirio, L. 2009. Inventaire des reptiles de la région de la Réserve de Biosphère Transfrontalière du W (Niger/Bénin/Burkina Faso: Afrique de l’Ouest). [Herpetological survey of the W Transfrontier Biosphere Reserve area (Niger/Benin/Burkina Faso: West Africa]. Bull. Soc. Herp. France (132): 13-41 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Fonseca, Miguel M.; José C. Brito, Octávio S. Paulo, Miguel A. Carretero, D. James Harris 2009. Systematic and phylogeographical assessment of the Acanthodactylus erythrurus group (Reptilia: Lacertidae) based on phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (2): 131-142 - get paper here
  • Joger U; Lambert M R K 1996. Analysis of the herpetofauna of the Republic of Mali, 1. Annotated inventory, with description of a new Uromastyx (Sauria: Agamidae). Journal of African Zoology 110 (1): 21-51 - get paper here
  • Kirchhof, S., Lyra, M.L., Rodríguez, A. et al. 2021. Mitogenome analyses elucidate the evolutionary relationships of a probable Eocene wet tropics relic in the xerophile lizard genus Acanthodactylus. Sci Rep 11, 4858 (2021) - get paper here
  • Meinig, H. & Böhme, W. 2002. A note on Acanthodactylus guineensis (Boulenger 1887) (Sauria: Lacertidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 109 (3): 551-558 - get paper here
  • Monard, ALBERT 1949. Vertébrés nouveaux du Cameroun. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 56 (38): 731-745 - get paper here
  • Salvador, A 1982. A revision of the lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus (Sauria: Lacertidae). Bonner Zool. Monogr. (16): 1-167 - get paper here
  • Stephen Spawls; Tomáš Mazuch& Abubakr Mohammad 2023. Handbook of Amphibians and Reptiles of North-east Africa. Bloomsbury, 640 pp. - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • van der Kuyl, Antoinette C.; Donato L. Ph. Ballasina, John T. Dekker, Jolanda Maas, Ronald E. Willemsen and Jaap Goudsmit 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships among the Species of the Genus Testudo (Testudines: Testudinidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial 12S rRNA Gene Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 174-183 - get paper here
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