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Acanthodactylus harranensis BARAN, KUMLUTAS, LANZA, SINDACO, AVCI & CRUCITTI, 2005

IUCN Red List - Acanthodactylus harranensis - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAcanthodactylus harranensis BARAN, KUMLUTAS, LANZA, SINDACO, AVCI & CRUCITTI 2005
Acanthodactylus harranensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionSE Turkey

Type locality: at Harran (36°51’ N – 39°00’ E),near the ruins of the ancient university, ca.75 km as the crow flies from Sanliurfa (or Urfa; Urfa = 37°08’ N - 38°46’ E), elevation 380-390 m, Sanliurfa province,SE Turkey.  
TypesHolotype: ZDEU 65/2001:1, adult (Zooloji Anabilim Dalı,Ege Üniversitesi, Fen Fakültesi) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A relatively large and stout-bodied Acanthodactylus with smooth dorsal scales on trunk and proximal tract of tail, 3-6 more or less enlarged scales forming a fringe on anterior border of ear opening, subocular not reaching the mouth, 4 upper labials anterior to subocular (occasionally 3 or 5 at least on one side), 1st supraocular broken into a large scale and 2-7 (mean 3.2) (in eighteen specimens) minute fragments, 2nd and 3rd supraoculars intact, 4th supraocular very fragmented, ventrals usually in 14 longitudinal rows (arranged in three nearly regular straight longitudinal series medially,staggered and disposed obliquelyotherwise), 51-65 (mean 57.3) (in eighteen specimens) midbody scales, 4 longitudinal continuous rows of scales on fingers,toes weakly denticulated,16-22 (mean 19.7) unicarinate and trimucronate lamellae beneath 4th toe; 18-25 (mean 21.8) femoral pores on right side; tail more than 1.5 times the body length, at least in young and subadult animals; dorsal pattern consistingof more or less irregular, longitudinal dark and light stripes or series of spots in juveniles, of a dark reticulation with light roundish spots in adults and subadults;premaxilla not abruptly narrowed. 
CommentSimilar species: A. harranensis is similar to A. grandis and the A. tristrami group (tristrami, orientalis, robustus) 
Etymologynamed after its type locality, the ancient city of Harran, an old Mesopotamian city that had the first university of the world. 
  • Arikan, Hüseyin; Bayram Göçmen, Mehmet Zülfü Yildiz, Çetin Ilgaz, and Yusuf Kumlutas 2009. Morphology of Peripheral Blood Cells from Some Lacertid Lizards from Turkey. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (2): 101-106 - get paper here
  • Baran I. ,Kumlutas Y. , Lanza B., Sindaco R. ,Ilgaz Ç. Avci, A. ,Crucitti P. 2005. Acanthodactylus harranensis, A New Species of Lizard from Southeastern Turkey (Reptilia: Sauria: Lacertidae). Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 23 (1): 323-341
  • Schlüter, U. 2013. Fransenfingereidechsen (Acanthodactylus) in der Natur und im Terrarium. Teil 6: Die Acanthodactylus-boskianus-Gruppe. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (99): 58-64 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
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