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Acanthodactylus maculatus (GRAY, 1838)

IUCN Red List - Acanthodactylus maculatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Spotted Fringe-fingered Lizard 
SynonymScapteira maculata GRAY 1838
Zootoca deserti GÜNTHER 1859
Acanthodactylus deserti — BOULENGER 1881: 741
Acanthodactylus pardalis var. intermedius DOUMERGUE 1901: 163
Acanthodactylus pardalis latastei BOULENGER 1918
Acanthodactylus maculatus — SALVADOR 1982: 92
Acanthodactylus maculatus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 392
Acanthodactylus mechriguensis NOUIRA & BLANC 1998 (fide FONSECA et al. 2008)
Acanthodactylus maculatus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Acanthodactylus mechriguensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionNE Morocco, N Algeria, Tunisia, NW Libya

mechriguensis (invalid): Tunisia

Type locality: “Tripoli”

deserti (invalid): Type locality: “Ngoussa Oasis”

intermedius (invalid): Type locality: "Depuis la limite Nord des Haut-Plateaux jusque dans le Sahara".

latastei (invalid): Type locality: "Sud de la Tunisie, Algérie (Sahara et Hauts Plateaux)".  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.3.53
Holotype: BMNH 1946.9.3.52 [deserti]
Holotype: not located fide Salvador 1982 [intermedius]
Holotype: not located fide Salvador 1982 [latastei] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Small, slender body. Relatively long and pointed snout. One row of granules between the supraoculars and the superciliaries. Subocular not in contact with the lip. Three rows ofscales on the fingers. Small granular temporal scales. Small tympanic scale present. Ear opening lightly pectinate anteriorly. Somewhat keeled dorsals. Ventrals arranged in 12 straight longitudinal series. Fourth toe moderately pectinate. Medium-sized, keeled scales on the upper surface of the tail. Males with 24 presacral vertebrae, females with 25. Considerably diminished color pattern usually with traces of the two dark dorsal bands and the lines of ocelli (Salvador 1982: 93). 
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Jonathan C. DeBoer , Dylan J. Taylor 2017. Atlas of the Reptiles of Libya. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (8): 155-318 - get paper here
  • BOUAZZA, ABDELLAH; EL HASSAN EL MOUDEN & ABDESLAM RIHANE 2021. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Morocco: A taxonomic update and standard Arabic names. Herpetology Notes 14: 1-14. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1881. On the lizards of the genera Lacerta and Acanthodactylus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 739-747 - get paper here
  • Corti, C., Haj, S. B., Nouira, S., Ouni, R., Rivière, V., Delaugerre, M. J., & Cascio, P. L. 2022. The Herpetofauna of the Tunisian islands. Naturalista Siciliano, 4(66), 117-124
  • Doumergue,F. 1901. Essai sur la faune erpétologique de l'Oranie avec des tableaux analytiques et des notations pour la détermination de tous les reptiles et batraciens du Maroc, de l'Algerie et de la Tunisie. L. Fouque, Oran, 404 pp. - get paper here
  • Escoriza, Daniel 2017. Patterns of alpha diversity among Tunisian lizards (Lacertidae). Journal of Arid Environments - get paper here
  • Fonseca, Miguel M.; José C. Brito, Hugo Rebelo, Mohsen Kalboussi, Saïd Larbes, Miguel A. Carretero, and D. James Harris 2008. Genetic variation among spiny-footed lizards in the Acanthodactylus pardalis group from North Africa. African Zoology 43 (1): 8-15 - get paper here
  • Fonseca, Miguel M.; José C. Brito, Octávio S. Paulo, Miguel A. Carretero, D. James Harris 2009. Systematic and phylogeographical assessment of the Acanthodactylus erythrurus group (Reptilia: Lacertidae) based on phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (2): 131-142 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 1. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 274-283 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1859. On the reptiles and fishes collected by the Rev. H.B. Tristram in northern Africa. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1859: 469-470 - get paper here
  • Martínez del Mármol, Gabriel; D. James Harris, Philippe Geniez, Philip de Pous, and Daniele Salvi 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Morocco. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 478 pp - get paper here
  • Mediani, Mohamed; José Carlos Brito, Soumia Fahd 2015. Atlas of the amphibians and reptiles of northern Morocco: updated distribution and patterns of habitat selection. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Mellado,J. & Olmedo,G. 1990. El género Acanthodactylus en Marruecos: problemas de identificación en los grupos de especies A. pardalis y A. scutellatus. Amphibia-Reptilia 11: 131-146 - get paper here
  • Nouria, S. & Blanc, C.P. 1998. Description d'une nouvelle espece d'acanthodactyle de Tunisie: Acanthodactylus mechriguensis. Atti. Mem. Ente Fauna Siciliana, 5: 103-110
  • Nouria, S. and Blanc, C.P. 2003. Distribution spatiale des Lacertidés (Sauria, Reptilia) en Tunisie; caractéristiques des biotopes et rôle des facteurs écologiques. Ecologia mediterranea 29(1): 71-86 - get paper here
  • Pieh, Alexander P 2006. Bemerkungen zu den Echsen Marokkos. Die Eidechse 17(2): 33-41. - get paper here
  • Salvador, A 1982. A revision of the lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus (Sauria: Lacertidae). Bonner Zool. Monogr. (16): 1-167 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schlüter, U. 2002. Die Reptilien und Amphibien der Kerkennah-Inseln. Elaphe 10 (2): 68-74
  • Schlüter, U. 2007. Fransenfingereidechsen (Acanthodactylus) in der Natur und im Terrarium. Teil 2: Gundlagen der Terrarienhaltung und Reproduktionsbiologie. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (67): 56-65 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2009. Fransenfingereidechsen (Acanthodactylus) in der Natur und im Terrarium. Teil 4: Die Acanthodactylus-pardalis-Gruppe. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (76): 52-60 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
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