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Acanthodactylus nilsoni RASTEGAR-POUYANI, 1998

IUCN Red List - Acanthodactylus nilsoni - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Nilson's Spiny-Toed Lizard 
SynonymAcanthodactylus nilsoni RASTEGAR-POUYANI 1998: 257
Acanthodactylus nilsoni — ANDERSON 1999: 258
Acanthodactylus nilsoni — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Acanthodactylus nilsoni — NASRABADI et al. 2017 
DistributionW Iran (Kermanshah Province)

Type locality: 34º30'N, 45º33'E, 5 km S Qasr-e Shirin, Kermanshah Province, Iran, about 7 km from Iran-Iraq border, 285 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: GNM 5145 (given as GNHM, Göteborg), adult male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Eight longitudinal and 26 transverse roes ofventral plates; 48-52 imbricate, keeled scales across dorsum; toes covered with three rows of scales; 9/7 supralabials, 4 anterior to subocular not bordering mouth; temporals keeled, more than 100; gular fold dlstmct; 27-27 gular scales; 10-12 scales in collar; 23-24 lamellae under fourth toe which is moderately denticulated laterally; eyelids with weak pectination (Rastegar-Pouyani, 1998: 258, cited in Anderson 1999: 258). 
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after Göran Nilson (1948-), Swedish herpetologist and Rastegar-Pouyani’s (former) supervisor. 
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • HEIDARI, Nastaran; Hiva FAIZI, Nasrullah RASTEGAR-POUYANI and Eskandar RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2012. A New Record of Acanthodactylus cantoris (Sauria: Lacertidae) and Its Comparison with Closely Related A. blanfordi in Southeastern Iran. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (1): - get paper here
  • HEIDARI, NASTARAN; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & MEHDI RAJABIZADEH 2013. A new species of Acanthodactylus Fitzinger 1834 (Sauria: Lacertidae) from southern Iran. Zootaxa 3722 (3): 333–346 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • MOZAFFARI, O. ., MOHAMMADI, S. ., SABERI-PIROOZ, R. ., & AHMADZADEH, F. . 2021. A new species of Acanthodactylus Fitzinger, 1834 (Sauria: Lacertidae) from the Zagros Mountains, Iran. Zootaxa 5047 (1): 17–32 - get paper here
  • NASRABADI, REZA; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, AHMAD GHARZI 2017. A revised key to the lizards of Iran (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertilia). Zootaxa 4227 (3): 431–443 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rastegar-Pouyani,N. 1998. A new species of Acanthodactylus (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Qasr-E-Shirin, Kermanshah Province, Western Iran. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 50 (9): 257-265 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
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