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Acanthodactylus opheodurus ARNOLD, 1980

IUCN Red List - Acanthodactylus opheodurus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSnake-tailed Fringe-toed Lizard, Arnold's Fringe-fingered Lizard 
SynonymAcanthodactylus opheodurus ARNOLD 1980: 296
Acanthodactylus opheodurus — VAN DER KOOIJ 2001
Acanthodactylus opheodurus — WILMS 2007 
DistributionArabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Type locality: Jazir coast (18° 40’ N, 16° 40’ E), Sultanate of Oman Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1969.314 
CommentDescription: The vertebral dark stripe is simple in A. opheodurus but forked in A. boskianus. The vertebral stripe is forked but light-colored in two geographically adjacent related taxa, A. b. boskianus (Daudin, 1802) of northern Egypt and A. schreiberi syriacus Boettger, 1878 of coastal Israel.

Distribution: not in Iran fide Heidari et al. 2014. 
Etymologyfrom the Greek “opheodes” = snake-like, “ura” = tail. 
References
  • Al-Shammari, Ahmed M. 2012. Additional Records of Lizards in Ha'il Province, Saudi Arabia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 287-291 - get paper here
  • ALSHAMMARI, AHMED M. AND ADEL A. IBRAHIM 2015. LIZARDS AND SNAKES IN THE HISTORICAL FAID PROTECTED AREA (FAID HEMA), HA'IL REGION, SAUDI ARABIA Herpetological Conservation and Biology 10(3):1021–1029 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144]
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • CUNNINGHAM, P. L. 2001. Notes on some aspects of the ecology of Acanthodactylus opheodurus ARNOLD, 1980, from the United Arab Emirates. Herpetozoa 14 - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Disi, Ahmad M., Zuhair S. Amr and Harald Martens 2004. On a collection of amphibians and reptiles made by J. Klapperich in Jordan. Herpetozoa 16 (3/4):141-150 - get paper here
  • Frommer, Jürgen 2008. Beobachtungen an den Eidechsen Jordaniens. Die Eidechse 19 (1): 1-13
  • HEIDARI, NASTARAN; ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI & HIVA FAIZI 2014. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Acanthodactylus Fitzinger, 1834 (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in Iran, inferred from mtDNA Sequences. Zootaxa 3860 (4): 379–395 - get paper here
  • Hoofien, J. H. 1995. On three changes in the checklist of the lizards of Israel. Hardun 1995 (6): 9-12; 83-82
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Salvador, A 1982. A revision of the lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus (Sauria: Lacertidae). BONNER ZOOLOGISCHE MONOGRAPHIEN (No. 16) 1982: 1-167 - get paper here
  • Sindaco R., Fedrighini, N. & VEnchi, A. 1995. Contribution to the herpetology of Jordan. Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 13 (1): 389-405
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 3: The true lizards, skinks and monitor lizards. Podarcis 2 (1): 15-26
  • Werner, Y. L. 1986. Geographic sympatry of Acanthodactylus opheodurus with A. boskianus in the Levant. Zoology in the Middle East 1: 92 - get paper here
  • Werner, Yehudah L.; Oren Gajst, Roy Talbi, Amos Bouskila 2012. Acanthodactylus opheodurus Arnold, 1980 in the Levant revisited, and the striped patterns of Levantine Acanthodactylus (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoology in the Middle East 56 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Unternehmen “Dornschwanzagame”: Das Reptilium-Freilandforschungsprojekt in Saudi-Arabien. Draco 8 (31): 45-54 - get paper here
 
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