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Acanthodactylus schreiberi BOULENGER, 1878

IUCN Red List - Acanthodactylus schreiberi - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSchreiber's Fringe-fingered Lizard 
SynonymAcanthodactylus Savignyi var. Schreiberii BOULENGER 1878
Acanthodactylus Schreiberi — BOULENGER 1887: 344
Acanthodactylus schreiberi — HARRIS & ARNOLD 2000
Acanthodactylus schreiberi schreiberi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Acanthodactylus schreiberi ataturi YALÇINKAYA & GÖÇMEN 2012 
DistributionCyprus, Turkey

ataturi: Turkey (Anatolia); Type locality: Botaş-Adana, Turkey, 4 m elevation. May have been introduced from Cyprus (Tamar et al. 2014).  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: IRSNB ? (probably in Brussels Museum fide Salvador 1982).
Lectotype: SMF 13633 [syriacus] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: TAMAR et al. 2014 synonymized syriacus with asper and ataturi with schreiberi.

Description: The vertebral dark stripe is simple in A. opheodurus but forked in A. boskianus. The vertebral stripe is forked but light-colored in two geographically adjacent related taxa, A. b. boskianus (Daudin, 1802) of northern Egypt and A. schreiberi syriacus Boettger, 1878 of coastal Israel.

Distribution: A. s. syriacus does NOT occur in Syria. This name was given when ‘Syria’ included also parts of the modern states of Israel and Lebanon (Martens 1997). Tamar et al. 2014 conclude that A. schreiberi is restricted to Cyprus and Turkey, reduced to a single form, and that the populations in Lebanon and Israel belong to A. b. asper. Reports of A. schreiberi from Jarmo, Iraq (REED & MARX 1959) were interpreted as being A. boskianus by SALVADOR 1982.

Phylogenetics: A. schreiberi nested within A. b. asper, and the subspecies A. schreiberi syriacus nested within a distinct lineage of A. b. asper (Tamar et al. 2014) 
EtymologyNamed after Egid Schreiber (1836-1913), Austrian-born zoologist. A. s ataturi is derived from the surname of Prof. Dr. Mehmet Kutsay Atatür, who had contributed extensively to the herpetological knowledge of Turkey. 
References
  • Akiki, Youmna Salamé; Jessy Hakim Saadé, May Lahoud Hokayem, Souad Hraoui-Bloquet, Fida Nassar 2015. Female reproductive cycle of the lacertid lizard Acanthodactylus schreiberi syriacus (Reptilia: Squamata) from Lebanon Herpetology Notes 8: 439-443 - get paper here
  • Baeckens, S., Edwards, S., Huyghe, K. and Van Damme, R. 2015. Chemical signalling in lizards: an interspecific comparison of femoral pore numbers in Lacertidae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114, 44–57, doi: 10.1111/bij.12414
  • Baier, F.; Sparrow, D.J. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Cyprus. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt/M., ca. 370 pp.
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1878. Reptilien und Amphibien aus Syrien. Ber. senckenb. naturf. Ges. 1878-1879: 57-84 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1878. Sur les espèces d'Acanthodactylus des bords de la Mediterranée. Bull. Soc. zool. France 3: 179-197 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. List of reptiles and batrachians from Cyprus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 344-345 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1918. Sur les lézards du genre Acanthodactylus Wieg. Bull. Soc. zool. France 43: 143-155. - get paper here
  • Franzen, Michael 1998. Erstnachweis von Acanthodactylus schreiberi schreiberi Boulenger, 1879 für die Türkei (Squmata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa 11 (1/2): 27-36. - get paper here
  • Harris,D.J. & Arnold,E.N. 2000. Elucidation of the relationships of spiny-footed lizards, Acanthodactylus ssp. (Reptilia: Lacertidae) using mitochondrial DNA sequence, with comments of their biogeography and evolution. Journal of Zoology 252: 351-362
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 1987. Notes on reptiles in Cyprus. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (21): 26-28
  • Salvador, A 1982. A revision of the lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus (Sauria: Lacertidae). BONNER ZOOLOGISCHE MONOGRAPHIEN (No. 16) 1982: 1-167 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2013. Fransenfingereidechsen (Acanthodactylus) in der Natur und im Terrarium. Teil 6: Die Acanthodactylus-boskianus-Gruppe. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (99): 58-64 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Tamar, Karin; Salvador Carranza, Roberto Sindaco, Jiří Moravec and Shai Meiri 2014. Systematics and phylogeography of Acanthodactylus schreiberi and its relationships with Acanthodactylus boskianus (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 172 (3): 720-739, DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12170 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1936. Reptiles from Mount Troodos, Cyprus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1936: 655-658
  • Werner, Yehudah L.; Oren Gajst, Roy Talbi, Amos Bouskila 2012. Acanthodactylus opheodurus Arnold, 1980 in the Levant revisited, and the striped patterns of Levantine Acanthodactylus (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoology in the Middle East 56 - get paper here
  • Zotos, Savvas; Chloe Adamopoulou, Bassilis Chondropoulos, Costas Kadis, Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis, Anastasios Legakis 2012. Evidence of sperm storage in Schreiber’s Fringe-fingered Lizard, Acanthodactylus schreiberi schreiberi, from Cyprus (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoology in the Middle East 56 - get paper here
 
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