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Acanthosaura lepidogaster (CUVIER, 1829)

IUCN Red List - Acanthosaura lepidogaster - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Brown Pricklenape
G: Schwarzkopf-Nackenstachler
Chinese: 丽棘蜥 
SynonymCalotes lepidogaster CUVIER 1829: 39
Lophyrus tropidogaster DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837 (emend. for lepidogaster)
Acanthosaura lamnidentata BOULENGER 1885: 302 (fide SMITH 1935)
Acanthosaura lamnidentata — BOULENGER 1893: 316
Acanthosaura hainanensis BOULENGER 1900: 957
Acanthosaura fruhstorferi WERNER 1904: 461
Acanthosaura lamnidentata — ANNANDALE 1905
Acanthosaura braueri VOGT 1914: 97
Acanthosaura lamnidentata — PARKER 1925: 302
Goniocephalus lepidogaster — SMITH 1935: 161
Calotes fruhstorferi — SMITH 1935: 188 (= C. brevipes fide HALLERMANN)
Calotes fruhstorferi — BOURRET 1943: 25
Gonocephalus lepidogaster — MELL 1952
Calotes brevipes — MERTENS 1954: 185
Goniocephalus lepidogaster — GUIBÉ 1954: 28
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — TAYLOR 1963: 863
Calotes brevipes — WERMUTH 1967: 35
Calotes breviceps — TIEDEMANN & HÄUPL 1980: 10 (error typographicus)
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — BRYGOO 1988: 22
Calotes brevipes — ZHAO & ADLER 1993: 1992
Acanthosaura fruhstorferi — DENZER et al. 1997: 320
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — SCHLÜTER & HALLERMANN 1997: 5
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — COX et al. 1998: 93
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 91
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 20
Acanthosaura lepidogastra — MACEY et al. 2000
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — BOBROV & SEMENOV 2008
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — ANANJEVA et al. 2008
Acanthosaura cf. lepidogaster — JANZEN 2021
Acanthosaura lepidogaster — LIU et al. 2023
Acanthosaura hainanensis — LIU et al. 2023 
DistributionN Thailand, Vietnam (Ha Tinh, Lao Cai, Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, Cao Bang, Bac Can, Lang Son, Son La, Vinh Phu, Ha Tay, Hoa Binh, Quang Ninh, Thai Ngyen, Ha Tay, Ninh Binh, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien-Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam, and Kon Tum), Myanmar (= Burma), Laos, S China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Hainan)

Type locality: Tonkin , N Vietnam [fruhstorferi]
Type locality: Cochinchine (= South Vietnam).  
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 5076 (2011), 221 (128) mm; paralectotype: MNHN-RA 6895 (2010), 124 (74) mm; Ag 203 ; l'un et l'autre de Cochinchine, par DIARD. (Également syntypes de Calotes tropidogaster Duméril et Bibron, 1837.)
Lectotype: NMW 11411(adult female), paralectotype: SMNS 4155 (adult female); designated by Hallermann (2000), formerly syntype; other syntype: ZMB 18180, "Tonkin", leg. H. Fruhstorfer; paralectotype: SMNS 4155 (adult female); designated by Hallermann (2000), formerly syntype [fruhstorferi]
Holotypus: ZMB 24178, "Canton", leg. Mell. J. [braueri] 
CommentDistribution: see maps in Bobrov 2015, Trivalarat et al. 2020: 17 (Fig. 5). 
EtymologyNamed after Greek lepis, genitive lepidos = a scale; gaster = belly. The name doesn’t make too much sense though, given that all lizards have scales on their belly and their seems to be nothing special about the ventral scales in this species. 
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