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Acontias plumbeus BIANCONI, 1849

IUCN Red List - Acontias plumbeus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Acontinae; Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesGiant Legless Skinks, Giant Lance Skink 
SynonymAcontias plumbea BIANCONI 1849: 108
Acontias niger PETERS 1854: 619
Acontias niger — CAMP 1923: 387
Acontias plumbeus plumbeus — FITZSIMONS 1943: 245
Acontias plumbeus broadleyi FITZSIMONS 1956: 95
Acontias plumbeus plumbeus — BROADLEY 1962: 805
Acontias plumbeus plumbeus — BROADLEY 1962: 806
Acontias plumbeus — BROADLEY & GREER 1969: 17
Acontias plumbeus — BOYCOTT 1992
Acontias plumbeus — BAUER et al. 1995: 60
Acontias plumbeus — BAUER in BATES et al. 2014: 249 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (N/E Transvaal extending to coastal N Natal, Eastern Cape), Swaziland, S Mozambique , E Zimbabwe (isolated relict populations)  
TypesHolotype: MZUB (Bologna University Museum), fide FITZSIMONS 1943: 246 
CommentLargest skink known (max. SVL about 490 mm).

Morphology: Limbless. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Bianconi, J. J. 1849. Lettera al Dottore Filippo de–Filippi, Professore di Zoologia a Torino sopra alcune nuove specie di rettili del Mozambico. Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat. Bologna (ser. 2) 10: 106-109 [1848] - get paper here
  • Bourquin, O. & A.J.L. Lambiris 1996. A new species of Acontias Cuvier (Sauria: Scincidae) from southeastern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Annals Transvaal Mus. 36 (17): 223-227. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. G. and Greer, A. E. 1969. A revision of the genus Acontias Cuvier (Sauria: Scincidae). Arnoldia Rhodesia 4 (26): 1-29.
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Camp, Charles Lewis 1923. Classification of the Lizards. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 48 (11): 289-481.
  • Douglas, R. M. 1982. Acontias plumbeus - Notes on Birth and Captive Care. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (28): 23-24 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V. 1956. Acontias plumbeus broadleyi. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. Rhod. (21b): 95-96
  • Greer, Allen E. 2001. Distribution of maximum snout-vent length among species of Scincid lizards. Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 383-395 - get paper here
  • Maritz, Bryan and Louis Breytenbach. 2015. Acontias plumbeus Bianconi, 1849, Giant Legless Skinks, Agonistic Behaviour. African Herp News (62): 30-31
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1854. Diagnosen neuer Batrachier, welche zusammen mit der früher (24. Juli und 17. August) gegebenen Übersicht der Schlangen und Eidechsen mitgetheilt werden. Ber. Bekanntmach. Geeignet. Verhandl. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1854: 614-628
  • Venter, Jan A.; Werner Conradie 2015. A checklist of the reptiles and amphibians found in protected areas along the South African Wild Coast, with notes on conservation implications Koedoe 57 (1): 1-25. doi: 10.4102/koedoe.v57i1.1247 - get paper here
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