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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Iphisini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Spiny Colobosaura
Portuguese: Lagarto-Espinhoso 
SynonymAcratosaura spinosa RODRIGUES, CASSIMIRO, DE FREITAS & SANTOS SILVA 2009 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia)

Type locality: at 1,250 m [elevation] at Fazenda Caraíbas (13º06'59"S 41º22'58"W), Serra do Sincorá, Espinhaço range, district of Cascavel, municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 98088, an adult male, collected by Marco Antonio de Freitas and Thaís Figueiredo Santos Silva on 8 December 2005, field number MTR 13999. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: a gymnophthalmid with ear openings and eyelids, and slender pentadactyl limbs lacking the claw on the first toe. Frontonasal single; prefrontals, frontoparietals, parietals, interparietals, and occipitals present. Parietals longer than wide. Collar fold absent. Three pairs of genials; three supraoculars. Dorsal scales in 28–31 rows, strongly keeled, lanceolate, imbricate. Ventrals smooth, in four regular longitudinal and 17–18 transverse rows; external rows wider than long, midventral rows longer than wide. Scales around body 28–30; 14 and 19–20 infradigital lamellae under finger IV and toe IV respectively. Male with a continuous series of 13 total very conspicuous pores without gap between preanal and femoral (Fig. 3); pores absent in female. 
Etymologythe specific epithet is given in reference to the spinose aspect of the body scales. 
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel T., José Cassimiro, Marco A. de Freitas and Thais F. S. Silva. 2009. A new microteiid lizard of the genus Acratosaura (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from Serra do Sincorá, State of Bahia, Brazil. Zootaxa 2013: 17-19 - get paper here
  • Uchôa LR, Delfim FR, Mesquita DO, Colli GR, Garda AA, Guedes TB 2022. Lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Caatinga, northeastern Brazil: Detailed and updated overview. Vertebrate Zoology 72: 599-659 - get paper here
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