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Adolfus africanus (BOULENGER, 1906)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesMulti-scaled Forest Lizard, Green-bellied Forest Lizard 
SynonymAlgiroides africanus BOULENGER 1906: 570
Adolfus fridericianus STERNFELD 1912: 220 (fide BAUER & GÜNTHER 1995)
Algiroides africanus — SCHMIDT 1919: 501
Algiroides africanus — WITTE & LAURENT 1942: 171
Algyroides africanus – MERTENS 1968: 74
Adolfus africanus – ARNOLD 1973
Adolfus africanus – ARNOLD 1988: 541
Adolfus africanus — KÖHLER et al. 2004
Adolfus africanus — GREENBAUM et al. 2011
Adolfus africanus — SPAWLS et al 2018: 181 
DistributionUganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire; except in the west), S Cameroon, NW Zambia, W Kenya, S Sudan, Central African Republic; Elevation up to 2200 m.

Type locality: Entebbe, Uganda  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.9.3.13 (and possibly additional specimens). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Several mensural, meristic, and qualita- tive characters that diagnose Adolfus are shown in Tables 3–5 (in GREENBAUM et al. 2011), including: relatively large SVL (55– 84 mm); dorsoanterior border of quadrate bone rounded; size of long free ribs immediately posterior to thoracic ribs moderately enlarged; posterior border of medial loop of clavicle present and slender; small postfemoral mite pockets absent (except in A. jacksoni); intramuscular portion of hemipenial armature not deeply cleft; shape of hemipenial clavulae simple; female genital sinus unlobed; habitat in forest, forest clearings and grasslands; clutch size three to five; and ventral coloration yellow, blue, orange, or green. 
CommentHabitat: Rain forest species.

Distribution: For locations and distribution map see KÖHLER et al. 2004.

Type species: Algiroides africanus BOULENGER 1906 is the type species of the genus Adolfus STERNFELD 1912. 
EtymologyNamed after its African origin. 
  • Arnold,E.N. 1973. Relationships of the Palaearctic lizards assigned to the genera Lacerta, Algyroides and Psammodromus (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Zool. 25: 289-366 - get paper here
  • Arnold,E.N. 1988. Journal of Natural History 23: 541.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1906. Additions to the herptetology of British East Africa. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 2: 570-573 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1991. The Herpetofauna of Northern Mwinilunga Distr., Northw. Zambia. Arnoldia Zimbabwe 9 (37): 519-538
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • GREENBAUM, ELI; CESAR O. VILLANUEVA, CHIFUNDERA KUSAMBA, MWENEBATU M. ARISTOTE and WILLIAM R. BRANCH 2011. A molecular phylogeny of Equatorial African Lacertidae, with the description of a new genus and species from eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 913–942
  • Köhler, J., P. Wagner, S. Visser & W. Böhme 2003. New country records of Adolfus africanus (Sauria: Lacertidae) – a rain forest lizard with disjunct distribution? Salamandra 39 (3-4): 241-248 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1968. Zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna von Kamerun und Fernando Poo. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 19: 69-84. - get paper here
  • Pérez I de Lanuza G, Font E 2016. The evolution of colour pattern complexity: selection for conspicuousness favours contrasting within-body colour combinations in lizards. J Evol Biol. doi: 10.1111/jeb.12835 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Schmitz A., Euskirchen, O. & Böhme W. 2000. Zur Herpetofauna einer montanen Regenwaldregion in SW-Kamerun (Mt. Kupe und Bakossi-Gergland).III. Einige bemerkenswerte Vertreter der Familien Lacertidae, Scincidae, Varanidae, Elapidae und Viperidae. Herpetofauna 22 (124): 16-27 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1912. IV. Zoologie II. Lfg. Reptilia. In: Schubotz., R. (ed.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition 1907- 1908, unter Führung A. Friedrichs, Herzogs zu Mecklenburg. Klinkhard und Biermann, Leipzig: 197-279 [published 1912, not 1913, as often cited, see Männel & Kucharzewski 2017] - get paper here
  • Wagner, P. & Rödder, D. 2008. Erfassung der Herpetofauna eines Waldfragments im nordöstlichen Sambia unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Biogeographie. Elaphe 16 (3): 27-31
  • Wagner, P., E. Greenbaum, P. Malonza & B. Branch 2014. Resolving sky island speciation in populations of East African Adolfus alleni (Sauria, Lacertidae). Salamandra 50 (1): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
  • WITTE, G.-F. DE & R.F. LAURENT 1942. Liste des Lacertidae du Congo Belge et description d’une espèce nouvelle. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines, Bruxelles, 36 (2): 165-180 - get paper here
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