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Afronatrix anoscopus (COPE, 1861)

IUCN Red List - Afronatrix anoscopus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAfrican Brown Water Snake 
SynonymTropidonotus anoscopus COPE 1861: 299
Tropidonotus ferox GÜNTHER 1863: 355
? Natrix anoscopus — COPE 1892: 673
? Tropidonotus anoscopus — BOULENGER 1893: 242
Tropidonotus ferox — BOULENGER 1893: 355
Tropidonotus ferox — KAPTOZ 1913: 285
Helicops gendrii BOULENGER 1910: 512
Natrix ferox — BOGERT 1940: 32
Natrix anoscopus gendrii — VILLIERS 1950: 35
Natrix firestonei TAYLOR & WEYER 1958
Natrix anoscopus — MENZIES 1966
Afronatrix anoscopus — ROSSMAN & EBERLE 1977: 42
Natrix anoscopus — HOOGMOED 1980
Afronatrix anoscopus — CHIPPAUX 1999
Afronatrix anoscopus — RÖDEL & MAHSBERG 2000
Afronatrix anoscopus — TRAPE & MANE 2004
Afronatrix anoscopus — TRAPE & BALDÉ 2014
Afronatrix anoscopus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 13 
DistributionLiberia, Sierra Leone, S Senegal (HR 26: 156), Ivory Coast, SW Burkina Faso, Guinea (Conakry), Nigeria, Cameroon, Ghana, Togo, Benin

Type locality: see comment Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 6639 
CommentType locality: Originally (erroneously) reported from Cuba.

Type species: Tropidonotus anoscopus COPE 1861 is the type species of the genus Afronatrix ROSSMAN & EBERLE 1977.

Synonymy: after CHIPPAUX 1999 and J. Hallermann, pers. comm., 19 Sep 2014.

“Afronatrix anoscopus is by far the most dominant snake species in the rainforest of southeastern Guinea. At Gborola, a native villager collected 50 specimens within only a few hours in a 100 m section of the Bougolo stream (Trape et al. 2008). The extraordinary high density of A. anoscopus in many West African streams and data on prey items suggest that A. anoscopus is the most important predator of fish in such ecosystems (Trape et al. 2008). A female from Sangalabadou (IRD 4120.G) measured 798 mm total length (snout-vent length: 617 mm), a new record size for this species” (TRAPE & BALDÉ 2014, s. also Böhme 2000) 
References
  • Bohme, W. 2000. Diversity of a snake community in a Guinea rain forest (Reptilia, Serpentes). Bonn. Zool. Monogr. 46: 69-78 - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), with a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Briscoe, M.S. 1949. Notes on Snakes Collected in Liberia. Copeia 1949 (1): 16-18 - get paper here
  • Cadle, John E. 1994. The colubrid radiation in Africa (Serpentes: Colubridae): phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary patterns based on immunological data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 110: 103-140
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • CHIRIO, L., & INEICH, I. 2009. Afronatrix anoscopus (Cope, 1861). 44-45Afr. Herp News (47):
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Contributions to the ophiology of Lower California, Mexico and Central America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 292-306 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1892. A critical review of the characters and variations of the snakes of North America. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14: 589-694 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S. 1980. Herpetologische waarnemingen in Ghana [part 7]. Lacerta 38 (9): 88-95 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 1983. African snake faunas. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 34: 311-356 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 2013. Snakes of Bénin, West Africa. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 144: 101-159
  • Leaché, Adam D.; Mark-Oliver Rödel, Charles W. Linkem, Raul E. Diaz, Annika<br />Hillers, and Matthew K. Fujita 2006. Biodiversity in a forest island: reptiles and amphibians of the Togo Hills, Kyabobo National Park, Ghana. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 22-45 - get paper here
  • Luiselli, Luca; Akani, Godfrey C.; Angelici, Francesco M.; Ude, Linda; Wariboko, Sunday M. 2005. Seasonal variation in habitat use in sympatric Afrotropical semi-aquatic snakes, Grayia smythii and Afronatrix anoscopus (Colubridae). Amphibia-Reptilia 26 (3): 372-376 - get paper here
  • Menzies, J.I. 1966. The snakes of Sierra Leone. Copeia 1966 (2): 169-179. - get paper here
  • Monasterio, Camila 2016. The herpetofauna of the Dindefelo Natural Community Reserve, Senegal. Herpetology Notes 9: 1-6 - get paper here
  • Rödel M O; Mahsberg D 2000. Vorläufige Liste der Schlangen des Tai-Nationalparks/Elfenbeinküste und angrenzender Gebiete. Salamandra 36 (1): 25-38 - get paper here
  • Rossman, D. A., and W. G. Eberle 1977. Partition of the genus Natrix, with preliminary observations on evolutionary trends in natricine snakes. Herpetologica 33 (1): 34-43 - get paper here
  • Segniagbeto GLazcano. H., Trape J. F., David P., Ohler A., Dubois A. & Glitho I. A. 2011. The snake fauna of Togo: systematics, distribution and biogeography, with remarks on selected taxonomic problems. Zoosystema 33 (3): 325-360. DOI: 10.5252/z2011n3a4 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1908. Die Schlangenfauna Togos. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 4: 207-236 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H.;Weyer, Dora 1958. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Harbel, Republic of Liberia. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (14): 1191-1229 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mané, Y. 2004. Les serpents des environs de Bandafassi (Sénégal oriental). Bull. Soc. Herp. France 109: 5-34 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mané, Y. 2006. Guide des serpents d’Afrique occidentale. Savane et désert. [Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger]. IRD Editions, Paris, 226 pp. - get paper here
  • TRAPE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS & CELLOU BALDÉ 2014. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa (Colubridae) and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. Zootaxa 3900 (3): 301–338
  • Trape, Jean-François; Mané, Youssouph 1995. Afronatrix anoscopus. Herpetological Review 26 (3): 156 - get paper here
  • Ullenbruch, K.; Grell, O.; Böhme, W. 2010. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), and a country-wide checklist. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (1): 31-54 - get paper here
  • Villiers, A. 1951. Mission A. Villiers au Togo et au Dahomey (1950) II. - Ophidiens. Etudes Dahoméennes, Centre IFAN 5: 17-46
  • Villiers,A. 1975. Les serpents de l'ouest africain. Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, Initiations et Etudes Africaines, no. 2, 3e ed., Dakar.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1902. Über westafrikanische Reptilien. Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 332-348
 
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