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Afrotyphlops angolensis (BOCAGE, 1866)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAngola blind snake 
SynonymOnychocephalus angolensis BOCAGE 1866: 46, 65
Typhlops (Onychocephalus) congicus BOETTGER 1887: 650
Typhlops congicus — BOULENGER 1893: 40
Typhlops adolfi STERNFELD 1910: 70
Typhlops dubius CHABANAUD 1916: 364
Typhlops intermedius — SCHMIDT 1923: 47 (part. ? fide BROADLEY)
Typhlops tornieri STERNFELD — SCHMIDT 1923: 50 (fide BROADLEY)
Typhlops lestradei WITTE 1933: 206
Typhlops blanfordi lestradei — LOVERIDGE 1942: 254
Typhlops ochraceus LAURENT 1952: 269
Typhlops angolensis adolfi — LAURENT 1956: 55
Typhlops angolensis angolensis — LAURENT 1956: 349
Typhlops angolensis dubius — LAURENT 1956: 367
Typhlops angolensis irsaci LAURENT 1956: 57
Typhlops angolensis polylepis LAURENT 1956: 56
Typhlops congicus lestradei — LAURENT 1956: 74
Typhlops angolensis symoensi LAURENT 1960
Typhlops angolensis — LAURENT 1964
Typhlops angolensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 90
Rhinotyplops angolensis — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006
Afrotyphlops angolensis — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009
Afrotyphlops angolensis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Afrotyphlops angolensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 343 
DistributionAngola, W Cameroon, S Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo, W Kenya, Uganda, N Tanzania, N Zambia

Type locality: Duque de Bragança, Angola  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MB T79.1134 (Museu Bocage) 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Typhlops kaimosae LOVERIDGE 1935 has been considered as a synonym of A. angolensis.

Description in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Angola. 
References
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1866. Lista dos reptis das possessões portuguezas d'Africa occidental que existem no Museu Lisboa. Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa 1: 37-56
  • Boettger, OSKAR 1887. Diagnoses reptilium novorum ad ilI. viro Paul Hesse in finnibus fluminis Congo repetorum. Zool. Anz. 10 (267): 649-651 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Chabanaud,P. 1916. Enumération des Ophidiens non encore étudiés de l'Afrique occidentale, appartenant aux Collections du Muséum avec le description des espèces et des variétés nouvelles. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. Paris 22: 362-382 - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R. F. 1952. Reptiles et batraciens nouveaux de la région des Grands Lacs africains. Rev. Zool. Bot. afr., Bruxelles, 46: 269-279
  • Laurent, R.F. 1956. Contribution à l'herpetologie de la région des Grandes Lacs de l'Afrique centrale. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 48: 1-390
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. A Revision of the punctatus Group of African Typhlops. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (6): 387-444 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1935. Scientific results of an expedition to rain forest regions in Eastern Africa. I. New reptiles and amphibians from East Africa. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 79: 1- 19. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1942. Scientific results of a fourth expedition to forested areas in east and central Africa. IV. Reptiles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 237-373 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Pauwels, O. S. G., T. Biyogho Bi Essono II, P. Carlino, L. Chirio, B. Huijbregts, T. E. J. Leuteritz, D. Rousseaux, E. Tobi, C. Vigna and W. Van Neer 2017. Miscellanea Herpetologica Gabonica VII. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 52: 1 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1970. Influence de l’altitude sur la variation intraspécific de Typhlops angolensis (Bocage) et de Typhlops lineolatus Jan (Serpentes, Typhlopidae). Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris 270 (D): 2185-2187
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1923. Contributions to the herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part II. Snakes, with field notes by Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 49 (1): 1-146
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
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  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Description d'un Typhlops nouveau provenant du Ruanda. Rev. Zool. Bot. afr., Bruxelles, 23 (2): 206-207
 
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