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Afrotyphlops nigrocandidus (BROADLEY & WALLACH, 2000)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Bicoloured blind skink 
SynonymRhinotyphlops nigrocandidus BROADLEY & WALLACH 2000
Typhlops punctatus gierrai BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1928 (not MOCQUARD) (part.)
Typhlops gierrai — ROUX-ESTÈVE 1974: 133 (not MOCQUARD) (part.)
Afrotyphlops nigrocandidus — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009
Afrotyphlops nigrocandidus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Afrotyphlops nigrocandidus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 350
Afrotyphlops nigrocandidus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 16 
DistributionEC Tanzania

Type locality: "Kiranzi-Kitungulu Forest Reserve, Udzungwa Mountains, Iringa
District, Tanzania (1500 m elevation)"  
TypesHolotype: ZMUC (Zool. Museum, Univ. Copenhagen) 
DiagnosisDescription in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009. 
CommentRelated to Rhinotyphlops gierrai Mocquard. Synonymy after BROADLEY & WALLACH 2000. 
EtymologyNamed after “niger” (Latin = shining black) + “candidus” (Latin = shining white) referring to the characteristic black and white colouration of this form. 
  • Barbour, T. & LOVERIDGE.A. 1928. A comparative study of the herpetological fauna of the Uluguru and Usambara mountains, Tanzania Territory with descriptions of new species. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool. Cambridge (Massachusetts), 50 (2): 85-265 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. & Van Wallach 2000. A new blind snake (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from montane forests of the Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania. African Journal of Herpetology 49 (2): 165-168 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, J.V., Howell, K.M., Munishi, L.K., Treydte, A.C. 2019. Uzungwa Scarp Nature Forest Reserve; a unique hotspot for reptiles in Tanzania. Acta Herpetologica 14 (1): 3-14 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, John Valentine 2017. The Reptiles of the Uzungwa Scarp Forest Reserve (USFR): An Updated Checklist with Notes on Dagger-Tooth Vine Snake Xyelodontophis uluguruensis. Journal of East African Natural History 106(2):57-65. - get paper here
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1974. Révision systématique des Typhlopidae d'Afrique. Reptilia. Serpentes. Mém. nation. Hist. nat., Paris, (sér.A.) 87: 1-313
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
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