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Afrotyphlops schmidti (LAURENT, 1956)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesAfrotyphlops schmidti schmidti (LAURENT 1956)
Afrotyphlops schmidti laurenti (LAURENT 1968) 
Common NamesE: Schmidt’s blind-snake 
SynonymTyphlops schmidti LAURENT 1956: 71
Typhlops schmidti tanganicanus LAURENT 1964: 417
Typhlops schmidti schmidti — LAURENT 1964
Typhlops schmidti — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 119
Rhinotyphlops schmidti — WALLACH 2003
Afrotyphlops schmidti — HEDGES et al. 2014
Afrotyphlops schmidti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 16
Afrotyphlops schmidti — CONRADIE et al. 2021

Afrotyphlops schmidti laurenti (LAURENT 1968)
Typhlops schmidti wilsoni LAURENT 1968 (preoccupied by Typhlops wilsoni WALL 1908)
Rhinotyphlops schmidti laurenti — WALLACH 2003 (nom. emend. pro T. s. wilsoni)
Afrotyphlops schmidti — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009 
DistributionE/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Zambia, Angola

Type locality: “Mkanda, Chipangali, Zambia” (LAURENT 1968)  
TypesHolotype: RMCA (= MRAC = RGMC) 17996
Holotype: NMZB (formerly UM = Umtali Museum) 9444 [laurenti] 
DiagnosisDescription in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009. 
CommentThe status of subspecies of this species is unclear (but a valid species according to V. Wallach [pers. comm.]). Typhlops schmidti tanganicanus LAURENT 1964 is listed as T. lineolatus tanganicus by BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991. [both schmidti and tanganicanus are valid species fide BROADLEY and WALLACH]

Distribution: not in Tanzania fide SPAWLS et al. 2018. The type locality given by LAURENT 1956 (“Nyunzu, 700 ifi, Albertville Territory, Tanzania”) appears to be in error, see different type locality given by LAURENT 1968. 
EtymologyNamed after Karl Patterson Schmidt (1890-1957), American herpetologist (see Davis 1957 and RESETAR & VORIS 1997 for biographical notes). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. [detaileld review in HR 51 (1): 161] - get paper here
  • CONRADIE, WERNER; NINDA L. BAPTISTA, LUKE VERBURGT, CHAD KEATES, JAMES HARVEY, TIMOTEO JULIO & GOTZ NEEF. 2021. Contributions to the herpetofauna of the Angolan Okavango-Cuando-Zambezi river drainages. Part 1: Serpentes (snakes). Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2): 244–278. - get paper here
  • Davis, D.D. 1959. Karl Patterson Schmidt, 1890-1957. Copeia 1959 (3): 189-192 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1956. Contribution à l'herpetologie de la région des Grandes Lacs de l'Afrique centrale. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 48: 1-390
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. A Revision of the punctatus Group of African Typhlops. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (6): 387-444 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1968. On some Typhlops from south-eastern Africa. Arnoldia, Bulawayo, 3 (31): 1-2
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Pietersen DW, Pietersen EW, Conradie W. 2017. Preliminary herpetological survey of Ngonye Falls and surrounding regions in south-western Zambia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [Special Section]: 24–43 (e148 - get paper here
  • Pietersen, Darren, Verburgt, Luke & Davies, John 2021. Snakes and other reptiles of Zambia and Malawi. Struik Nature / Penguin Random House South Africa, 376 pp., ISBN 9781775847373
  • Wallach, V. 2003. Scolecophidia miscellanea. Hamadryad 27 (2): 222-240 - get paper here
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