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Agama boueti CHABANAUD, 1917

IUCN Red List - Agama boueti - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesMali Agama 
SynonymAgama boueti CHABANAUD 1917: 85
Agama boueti — BÖHME 1985: 474
Agama boueti — JOGER & LAMBERT 1996: 35
Agama castroviejoi PADIAL 2005 (fide GENIEZ et al. 2011)
Agama boueti — CHIRIO 2009
Agama boueti — MEDIANNIKOV, TRAPE & TRAPE 2012: 128
Agama castroviejoi — MEDIANNIKOV, TRAPE & TRAPE 2012: 129
Agama castroviejoi — TRAPE et al. 2012 
DistributionMali, Morocco, S Mauritania (Assaba, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Trarza), NW Senegal, Niger, Burkina Faso, probably in Chad (L. Chirio, pers. comm.)

Type locality: Niger (Gao)

castroviejoi: Mauritania (Adrar Mountains); Type locality: Adrar plateau, road from Atar to Tidjikja (Padial, 2005); road from Atar to Chinguetti via Ebnou Pass (Brito, 2003); 44 km from Chinguetti on the road to Adrar, 19 km before the Nouatil Pass (Geniez & Arnold, 2006).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN Paris
Holotype: MNCN 41779 [castroviejoi] 
Diagnosis 
CommentWermuth (1967) lists this species with a question mark indicating uncertain status.

Synonymy: GENIEZ et al. 2011 suggested to synonymize Agama castroviejoi with A. boueti. However, other authors maintain it as valid species.

Agama castroviejoi is morphologically similar and genetically related to Agama impalearis. It is characterized by small size (snout-vent length of adults: 67.6-74.88 mm); long hind legs; gular region with brown irregular longitudinal lines; 10 preanal pores; fourth finger longer than first; small nuchal crest (composed of six spines) and absence of caudal crest; reddish eyelid in males; smooth head scales; regular keeled and mucronate dorsal scales; ventral scales smaller than dorsals; 55-63 scales around mid body; 10-12 surpralabials; 9-12 infralabials; 8-9 group of spines between the anterior margin of the ear opening and the shoulder; 12 lamellae under fourth finger; 19-21 lamellae under fourth toe. It is a solitary rock dweller inhabiting extremely dry habitats with scarce vegetation.

Distribution: PADIAL (2006) assigned a recent record of Agama boueti for the Adrar, near the type locality of A. castroviejoi, (Brito, 2003) to A. castroviejoi, a species very similar to A. boueti and endemic to this mountain range. 
Etymologynamed after Dr. Javier Castroviejo (Galicia, Spain) “for his help and encouragement and in recognition of his great effort in funding the study and conservation of biodiversity in Spain, Africa, and Latin America”. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Böhme, W. 1985. Zoogeographical patterns of the lizard fauna of the African subsaharan savanna belt, with preliminary description of a new chameleon. In: Schuchmann, Karl-L. (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the International Symposium on African Vertebrates. Systematics, Phylogeny and Evolutionary Ecology. - Museum A. Koenig (Bonn), Vol. 4: 471-478.
  • Chabanaud, P. 1917. Enumération des reptiles non encore étudiés de l'Afrique occidentale, appartenant aux collections du Muséum, avec la description des espèces nouvelles. Bull. Mus. nat. Hist. nat. Paris 23: 83-105. - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. 2009. Inventaire des reptiles de la région de la Réserve de Biosphère Transfrontalière du W (Niger/Bénin/Burkina Faso: Afrique de l’Ouest). [Herpetological survey of the W Transfrontier Biosphere Reserve area (Niger/Benin/Burkina Faso: West Africa]. Bull. Soc. Herp. France (132): 13-41 - get paper here
  • GARCÍA-DÍEZ, TERESA; JOSÉ E. GONZÁLEZ-FERNÁNDEZ 2013. The reptile type specimens preserved in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC) of Madrid, Spain. Zootaxa 3619 (1): 046–058 - get paper here
  • GENIEZ, PHILIPPE; JOSÉ M. PADIAL & PIERRE-ANDRÉ CROCHET 2011. Systematics of north African Agama (Reptilia: Agamidae): a new species from the central Saharan mountains. Zootaxa 3098: 26–46 - get paper here
  • Gonçalves, Duarte V.; José C. Brito, Pierre-André Crochet, Philippe Geniez, José M. Padial, D. James Harris 2012. Phylogeny of North African Agama lizards (Reptilia: Agamidae) and the role of the Sahara desert in vertebrate speciation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution<br />64 (3): 582–591 - get paper here
  • Joger U; Lambert M R K 1996. Analysis of the herpetofauna of the Republic of Mali, 1. Annotated inventory, with description of a new Uromastyx (Sauria: Agamidae). Journal of African Zoology 110 (1): 21-51 - get paper here
  • Joger, U. 2010. Projekt Dino: Auf Dinosaurierjagd in Niger, Afrika. Elaphe 18 (1): 6-13
  • Mediani, Mohamed and Franck Chevalier. 2016. Agama boueti CHABANAUD, 1917: new to the herpetofauna of Morocco and the northwesternmost record of the species. Herpetozoa 28 (3/4): 187-191 - get paper here
  • Mediannikov, Oleg; Sébastien Trape, Jean-François Trape 2012. A Molecular Study of the Genus Agama (Squamata: Agamidae) in West Africa, with Description of Two New Species and a Review of the Taxonomy, Geographic Distribution, and Ecology of Currently Recognized Species. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (2): 115-142 - get paper here
  • Padial, J. M. 2005. A new species of Agama (Sauria: Agamidae) from Mauritania. The Herpetological Journal 15 (1):27-35
  • Padial, J. M. 2006. COMMENTED DISTRIBUTIONAL LIST OF THE REPTILES OF MAURITANIA (WEST AFRICA). Graellsia, 62(2): 159-178
  • Sow, Andack Saad; Duarte Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Fábio Vieira Sousa, Fernando Martínez- Freiría, Frederico Santarém, Guillermo Velo-Antón, Hamidou Dieng, João Carlos Campos, Saer Khayar Diagne, Zbyszek Boratyński, José Carlos Brito 2017. Atlas of the distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Diawling National Park, Mauritania Basic and Applied Herpetology - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
 
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