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Agkistrodon taylori BURGER & ROBERTSON, 1951

IUCN Red List - Agkistrodon taylori - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Mexican Moccasin
S: Metapil 
SynonymAgkistrodon bilineatus taylori BURGER & ROBERTSON 1951
Agkistrodon bilineatus taylori — CALMONTE 1982
Agkistrodon taylori — PARKINSON et al. 2000
Agkistrodon taylori — TOVAR-TOVAR & MENDOZA-QUIJANO 2001
Agkistrodon taylori — JUNGNICKEL 2003
Agkistrodon taylori — PORRAS et al. 2013
Agkistrodon taylori — WALLACH et al. 2014: 19 
DistributionMexico (Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Hidalgo [HR 32: 276], N Veracruz)

Type locality: Tamaulipas, 21 km north of Villagran.  
TypesHolotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 10002 (5514); E. H. Taylor; June 9, 1938. 

Subspecies: Agkistrodon bilineatus taylori has been elevated to species status by PARKINSON et al. (2000) based on mtDNA sequences. PORRAS et al. 2013 elevated the other subspecies to full species status.

Distribution: not in Querétaro fide Tepos-Ramírez et al. 2023. 
EtymologyNamed after Edward Harrison Taylor (1889-1978), American herpetologist who spent several years in the Philippines before returning to the University of Kansas. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Burger, W.L. & Robertson,W.B. 1951. A new subspecies of the Mexican moccasin, Agkistrodon bilineatus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (5): 213-218 - get paper here
  • Calmonte, T. 1982. Agkistrodon bilineatus taylori - ein selten imprtierter Dreieckskopf aus Mexiko. Herpetofauna 4 (20): 26-27 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Cruz-Elizalde R, Ramírez-Bautista A, Pineda-López R, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Rocha A, Fucsko LA, Wilson LD. 2022. The herpetofauna of Querétaro, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(1) [General Section]: 148–192 (e308) - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2003. Diversity of snakes (on the materials of the exposition of the Zoological Museum of the Moscow State University). Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 376 pp
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo, Gonzalo Hernández-Hernández, Ferdinand Torres-Angeles, Hublester Domínguez-Vega and Louis W. Porras. 2016. Presence of Agkistrodon taylori in disturbed areas (cultivated fields) in the municipality of San Felipe Orizatlán, Hidalgo, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 804–808 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, H. and Conant, R. 1943. A synopsis of the American forms of Agkistrodon (Copperheads and Moccasins). Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci. 7: 147-170
  • Gloyd, H. K. 1972. A subspecies of Agkistrodon bilineatus (Serpentes: Crotalidae) on the Yucatán Peninsula, México. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 84: 327-334. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hoevers, L., & HENDERSON, R. W. 1974. Additions to the herpetofauna of Belize (British Honduras). Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 2, 6 pp. - get paper here
  • Jungnickel, J. 2003. Zur Haltung und Vermehrung der Mexikanischen Mokassinotter Agkistrodon. Sauria 25 (4): 19-22 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Cruz A 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. ZooKeys 594: 123-141, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.594.8289 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • O'Shea, M., Slater, S. & Wood, J. 2012. Agkistrodon taylori (Taylor's cantil) longevity. Herpetological Review 43: 609 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Parkinson,C.L., Zamudio, K.R. & Greene, H.W. 2000. Phylogeography of the pitviper clade Agkistrodon: historical ecology, species status and conservation of cantils. Molecular Ecology 9: 411-420 - get paper here
  • Penner, J. 2001. Der grösste Schlangenzoo Lateinamerikas - ein Praktikum im “World of Snakes” Grecia, Costa Rica. Elaphe 9 (4): 81-85
  • Porras LW, Wilson LD, Schuett GW, Reiserer R.S. 2013. A taxonomic reevaluation and conservation assessment of the common cantil, Agkistrodon bilineatus (Squamata: Viperidae): a race against time. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 7 (1): 48–73 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. E, & INGER, R. F. 1957. Living Reptiles of the World. Doubleday & Co., 287 pp. - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A. and Elí García-Padilla. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Agkistrodon taylori (Taylor's cantil). Herpetological Review 45 (2): 284 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Titus, Valorie R. and C. Drew Foster. 2015. An incidence of twinning in Taylor's cantil (Agkistrodon taylori) at the Wildlife Conservation Society's Bronx Zoo. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 371-373 - get paper here
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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