Aipysurus eydouxii (GRAY, 1849)
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|Higher Taxa||Elapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Spine-tailed seasnake|
|Synonym||Tomogaster eydouxii GRAY 1849: 59|
Thalassophis anguillaeformis SCHMIDT 1852
Thalassophis muraeneformis SCHMIDT 1852
Thalassophis muraenaeformis [sic] SCHMIDT 1852 (fide HALLERMANN 1998)
Aipysurus margaritophorus BLEEKER 1858
Aipysurus eydouxi — SMEDLEY 1931: 54
Aepyurus [sic] eydouxii — SMITH 1943: 445
Aipysurus eydouxii — SMITH 1974: 101
Aipysurus eydouxii — MURPHY, COX & VORIS 1999
Aipysurus eydouxii — COGGER 2000: 702
Aipysurus eydouxii — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Aipysurus eydouxii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 22
|Distribution||South Chinese Sea, |
Gulf of Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia (Borneo), W Malaysia, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, Singapore,
Australia (Thursday Island, Torres Strait)
Type locality: Indian Ocean
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 1918.104.22.168, formerly MNHN.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnostic characters: Maxillary bone extending forward beyond palatine. Large ventrals, each being at least three times as broad as the adjacent body scales. Scale rows around neck 15–17; scale rows around body 17; 124– 155 ventrals, slightly notched on posterior border. Maxillary teeth behind fangs 7–12 and very small. Colouration: Body brownish or olive green above, paler below, with yellow or pale brown irregular bands, which may expand laterally and break up ventrally. Scales within bands usually with dark margins.|
See also Leviton et al. 2014: 500 for another diagnosis and Smith 1974 for a detailed description.
Synonymy after COGGER 1983. Note that Australian populations are now called Aipysurus mosaicus SANDERS et al. 2012.
Distribution: Boulenger (1896) lists this species for the Philippines but no specimens have been collected to confirm this claim [SANDERS et al. 2012]. Not listed by Zhao 2006 for China.
Habitat: marine and freshwater (Rasmussen et al. 2001).
Diet: feeds almost exclusively on fish eggs.
|Etymology||Named after Joseph Fortune Theodore Eydoux (1802-1841), a French naturalist who became a naval surgeon (1821). He was a member of the crew of La Bonite,which circumnavigated the globe (1836-1837) just after Charles Darwin returned.|
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