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Aipysurus fuscus (TSCHUDI, 1837)

IUCN Red List - Aipysurus fuscus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Dusky Seasnake, Timor Reef Snake
G: Riff Seeschlange 
SynonymStephanohydra fusca TSCHUDI 1837: 335
Aipysurus fuscus — FISCHER 1856: 33
Aipysurus fuscus — COGGER 1983: 243
Aipysurus fuscus — COGGER 2000: 702
Aipysurus fuscus — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Aipysurus fuscus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 22 
DistributionE Indonesia (Timor), New Guinea
Australia (West Australia, Ashmore Reef)

Type locality: Asia (from Celebes, fide Smith 1926) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 2824, from Asia (from Celebes, fide Smith (1926), who also erroneously referred to an Ashmore Reef specimen as the type). 
CommentVenomous!

Habitat: marine.

Hybridization: A. laevis hybridizes with A. fuscus (Sanders et al. 2014) 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “fuscus”, meaning dark or dusky. 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 1975. The sea snakes of Australia and New Guinea. pp. 59-139 in Dunson, W. (ed. ) The Biology of Sea Snakes. Baltimore: University Park Press
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Fischer, J.G. 1856. Die Familie der Seeschlangen. Abhandl. Nat. Ver. Hamburg 3: 1-78
  • Kharin, V. E. 1981. A review of sea snakes of the genus Aipysurus (Serpentes, Hydrophiidae). Zoological Zhurnal 60 (2): 257-264
  • Kharin, V.E.; Cheblyukov, V.P. 2006. On a new record of a poorly known and rare sea snake Aipysurus tenuis Lönnberg et Andersson, 1913 (Serpentes: Hydrophiidae) in the waters of Australia. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 32 (3): 194-197.
  • RASMUSSEN, ARNE REDSTED; KATE LAURA SANDERS, MICHAEL L. GUINEA & ANDREW P. AMEY 2014. Sea snakes in Australian waters (Serpentes: subfamilies Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae)—a review with an updated identification key. Zootaxa 3869 (4): 351–371 - get paper here
  • Sanders, K.L., Rasmussen, A.R., Guinea, M.L. 2014. High rates of hybridisation reveal fragile reproductive barriers between endangered Australian sea snakes. Biological Conservation 171: 200 - 208 - get paper here
  • Smith, M. A. 1926. Monograph on the Sea Snakes. (Hydrophiidae). London: British Museum, xvii + 130 pp.
  • Tschudi, J J. 1837. Neues Genus von Wasserschlangen. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 3: 331-335 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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