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Alopoglossus andeanus RUIBAL, 1952

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Higher TaxaAlopoglossidae, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAlopoglossus andeanus RUIBAL 1952: 510
Alopoglossus andeanus — RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR et al. 2020: 20 
DistributionPeru (Puno, Madre de Dios)

Type locality: La Pampa, Dpto. Puno, Peru, 760 m elevation, (13°39′S, 69°36′W)  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 45590, adul male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Alopoglossus andeanus is distinguished from all other species of Alopoglossus by the combination of the following characters: (1) scales on the sides of the neck non-granular, keeled, imbricate (at least medial and posterior ones phylloid), in 11 or 12 transverse rows; (2) three pairs of chin shields; (3) third pair of chin shields with rounded posterior margins, in direct contact with gulars; (4) presence of a pair of medial enlarged pregular scales; (5) scales on gular region varying in shape and size: lateral ones strongly keeled, pointed, phylloid; anterior, medial and posterior ones varying from smooth to feebly keeled, bluntly pointed; medial and posterior ones larger than anterior and lateral ones; (6) ventral scales smooth, mucronate, imbricate, with bluntly pointed posterior margins; (7) total number of femoral pores in males 24–28 (RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR et al. 2020: 20). 
CommentSynonymy: Alopoglossus andeanus RUIBAL 1952 has been synonymized with A. angulatus by KÖHLER et al. 2012 but revalidated by RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR et al. 2020.

Distribution: see maps in KÖHLER et al. 2012, RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR 2018: 33 (Fig. 5), RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR et al. 2020: 39 (Fig. 20).

Habitat: montane Amazonian forest. 
  • Ribeiro-Junior, M. A., Choueri, E., Lobos, S., Venegas, P., Torres-Carvajal, O. and Werneck, F. 2020. Eight in one: morphological and molecular analyses reveal cryptic diversity in Amazonian alopoglossid lizards (Squamata: Gymnophthalmoidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 190 (1): 227–270 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco Antônio; Shai Meiri, Antoine Fouquet 2020. A New Species of Alopoglossus Boulenger (1885) (Squamata, Alopoglossidae) from the Lowlands of the Eastern Guiana Shield, with Assessment of the Taxonomic Status of A. copii surinamensis. Journal of Herpetology 54 (4): 427-445 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1952. Revisionary studies of some South American Teiidae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 106: 475-529 (477?)-529. - get paper here
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