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Alopoglossus embera PELOSO & MORALES, 2017

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Higher TaxaAlopoglossidae, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAlopoglossus embera PELOSO & MORALES 2017
Alopoglossus festae — CASTAÑO-MORA et al. 2004 (part)
Alopoglossus festae — CASTRO-HERRERA & VARGAS-SALINAS 2008 (part)
Alopoglossus festae — CARDONA-BOTERO et al. 2013 (part) 
DistributionColombia (Cauca, Valle del Cauca)

Type locality: Quebrada Guanguí, upper Río Saija drainage, Departamento del Cauca, Colombia, 100–200 m asl.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: AMNH-R 109682 (field number CWM 11931), an adult female, very well preserved. Collected by Charles W. Myers and John W. Daly, 09 February 1973
Paratypes: AMNH-R 109678–109681, AMNH-R 109683– 109684, collected by Charles W. Myers and John W. Daly, February 09–20 1973, at the type locality. UV-C 7231–7232, collected by Bladimir Vasquez and Yesid Solarte, August 12–13 1983, at Camancito, Río Cajambre, Municipality of Buenaventura, Departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia (03°27′26.58′′N, 77°10′16.58′′W; 75 m above sea level [asl]). UV-C 7270, collected by Yesid Solarte, August 18 1983, at Piñuetal, Río Cajambre, Municipality of Buenaventura, Departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia (03°27′35.42′′N, 77°11′17.88′′W; 500 m asl). CD-UV 2457, collected by Jefferson Panche, 11–13 April 2013, at Pianguita, Municipality of Buenaventura, Departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia (03°27′35.42′′N, 77°11′17.88′′W; 0 m asl). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of Alopoglossidae based on the presence of oblique plicae (folds), instead of scale-like papillae, on the surface of the tongue (Harris, 1985). Allocated to Alopoglossus based on (1) the presence of keeled scales on forelimb and (2) laterally imbricated, keeled dorsal scales. The combination of the following characters can be used as a diagnosis for the new taxon: (1) Parietal and interparietals with a pair of well developed ridges on each scale; (2) chinshields in direct contact with gulars, not separated by rows of pregulars; (3) third pair of chin- shields always in medial contact (separated by small granules only posteriorly); (4) two longitudinal rows of widened gular scales; (5) dorsals laterally imbricated, lanceolate, strongly keeled; (6) ventrals rhomboid, keeled; (7) temporal scales strongly keeled; (8) scales on dorsal surface of hand strongly keeled; (9) males with two femoral pores; (10) males with eight femoral pores, females with 0–2 pores; (11) pre-cloacal pores absent in both sexes; (12) ventral scales usually heavily pigmented.

Comparisons: Alopoglossus embera sp. nov. differs from A. angula‐ tus by the presence of two longitudinal rows of widened gular scales (absent in A. angulatus); temporals strongly keeled (smooth or only slightly keeled in A. angulatus); precloacal pores absent (one pore present in male A. an‐ gulatus); and eight femoral pores in males (> 10 pores in A. angulatus). Alopoglossus embera sp. nov. differs from A. atriventris by the absence of enlarged pregular scales (present in A. atriventris); third pair of chinshields in contact medially (separated by small granular scales in A. atri‐ ventris); and the presence of two longitudinal rows of widened gular scales (absent in A. atriventris). Alopoglossus embera sp. nov. differs from A. buckleyi in having larger, pointed, slightly imbricated, keeled scales on side of neck (small, granular, juxtaposed, and generally smooth in A. buckleyi); temporals strongly keeled (smooth in A. buck‐ leyi); ventrals keeled and usually rhomboidal (smooth and usually round in A. buckleyi); absence of enlarged pre-gular scales (present in A. buckleyi); third pair of chinshields in broad contact medially (separated by small granular scales in A. buckleyi); and absence of precloacal pores (one pore present in males of A. buckleyi). Alopoglossus embera sp. nov. differs from A. copii in having rhomboid or lanceolate, tightly juxtaposed scales on lateral neck (conical with free skin between scales in A. copii); third pair of chinshields in contact medially (separated by small granular scales in A. copii); presence of two longitudinal rows of widened gular scales (absent in A. copii); and eight femoral pores in males (> 10 pores in A. copii). Alopoglossus em‐ bera sp. nov. differs from A. festae in having temporals more strongly keeled (smooth or weakly keeled in A. fes‐ tae; Fig. 2); ventrals keeled (smooth in A. festae); ventrals rhomboid, posterior margin acute or mucronated (round or subcircular in A. festae; Fig. 3); scale on dorsum of hand sharply keeled (smooth or lightly keeled in A. festae); and venter usually heavily pigmented (venter usually pale).
Alopoglossus embera sp. nov. differs from A. lehmanni by the absence of a well-defined collar fold (present in A. lehmanni); third pair of chinshelds in contact medially (separated by gulars in A. lehmanni); dorsals lanceolate and imbricated (hexagonal and parallel in A. lehmanni); scales on flanks similar to dorsals (discrete zone of granular scales in A. lehmanni); absence of enlarged postparietals (present in A. lehmanni); four transverse rows of ventrals (10 in A. lehmanni); ventrals rhomboid (rectangular in A. lehmanni); and absence of precloacal pores (one pore present in A. lehmanni). Alopoglossus embera sp. nov. differs from A. viridiceps by the absence of enlarged pregular scales (present in A. viridiceps); absence of longitudinal stripe from mouth commissure to shoulder (present and distinct in A. viridiceps); and presence of two femoral pores on each side of males (single femoral pore in A. viridiceps). 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific name embera is used as a noun in apposition and is given in homage of the Emberá People. Emberá is an indigenous ethnicity inhabiting an important biodiversity hotspot, the Chocó-Darién ecoregion, extending from southwest Panama along the entire Colombian Pacific coast to northwest Ecuador. 
References
  • Peloso, Pedro L.V. and Cristian Hernández Morales 2017. Description of a New Species of Alopoglossus Boulenger, 1885 from Western Colombia (Gymnophthalmoidea) South American J. Herp. 12 (2): 89-98. - get paper here
 
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