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Alsophis rijgersmaei COPE, 1869

IUCN Red List - Alsophis rijgersmaei - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Anguilla Bank Racer, Anguilla Racer, Leeward Islands Racer 
SynonymAlsophis rijgersmaei COPE 1869:154
Alsophis cinereus — GARMAN 1887: 282
Alsophis cinereus — BARBOUR 1923: 6
Alsophis rigersmaei —BARBOUR 1930
Alsophis rijersmai — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 575
Alsophis rijgersmaei — CROTHER 1999
Alsophis rijgersmaei — BREUIL 2002
Alsophis rijgersmaei — WALLACH et al. 2014: 24 
DistributionAnguilla, St. Martin (= St. Maarten), St. Barthelemy

Type locality: St.-Martin and Anguilla.  
TypesSyntypes: ANSP 5411-16 
CommentDistribution: “So far as yet known, this distinct species is confined to the small island of St,. Martins, in the Spanish West Indies, which has an area of only about thirty square miles.” 
EtymologySix specimeils were sent to the Academy Natural Sciences by Dr. R. E. Van Rijgersma of that island. I dedicate the species to him in recognition of his labors in endeavoring to lay a basis for the complete zoology of that island” (from COPE 1869: 155). Hendrik E. van Rijgersma (1835–1877), was a Dutch naturalist and physician who practiced medicine on St. Martin during 1863–1877 (Holthius 1959). He collected plants and animals and sent the latter to the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1923. West Indian investigations of 1922. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (132): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 73-85
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Breuil, H. 2002. Histoire Naturelle des Amphibiens et Reptiles de l’Archipel Guadeloupéen: Guadeloupe, Saint-Martin, Saint-Barthélemy. Patrimoines naturels 54: 339 pp.
  • Breuil, Michel; Fortuné Guiougou; Karl Questel; Béatrice Ibéné 2009. Modifications du peuplement herpétologique dans les Antilles françaises disparitions et espèces allochtones - 1 ère partie: Historique - Amphibiens. Le Courrier de la Nature n° 249: 30-37
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Hodge, K. V. D., E. J. Censky, and R. Powell 2003. The Reptiles and Amphibians of Anguilla, British West Indies. The Anguilla National Trust, The Valley, Anguilla, B.W.I. 72 pp.
  • MASSARY, Jean-Christophe DE; Corentin BOCHATON, Roger BOUR, Maël DEWYNTER, Ivan INEICH, Nicolas VIDAL & Jean LESCURE 2018. Liste taxinomique de l’herpétofaune dans l’outre-mer français: II. Collectivité de Saint-Barthélemy. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 166 : 59-78 - get paper here
  • Powell, R.;Passaro, R. J.;Henderson, R. W. 1992. Noteworthy herpetological records from Saint Maarten, Netherlands Antilles. Carib. J. Sci. 28: 234-234
  • Powell, Robert; Robert W. Henderson & J.S. Parmerlee 2005. The reptiles and amphibians of the Dutch Caribbean. St. Eustatius, Saba, and St Maarten. The St. Eustatius National Parks foundation, 192 pp. [review in Reptilia GB 50].
  • Questel K. 2011. Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Distribution. Caribbean Herpetology 23: 1 - get paper here
  • Questel K. 2013. Alsophis rijgersmaei (Anguilla Bank Racer). Behavior. Caribbean Herpetology 48: 1 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Townsend, J.H., R. Powell, and R.W. Henderson 2000. Alsophis rijgersmaei Cope Anguilla Bank Racer. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (717): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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