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Amblyodipsas polylepis (BOCAGE, 1873)

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Aparallactinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesAmblyodipsas polylepis polylepis (BOCAGE 1873)
Amblyodipsas polylepis hildebrandtii (PETERS 1877) 
Common Namespolylepis: Common Purple-glossed Snake
hildebrandtii: Common Purple-glossed Snake 
SynonymCalamelaps polylepis BOCAGE 1873: 216
Calamelaps unicolor FITZSIMONS (fide BOYCOTT 1992)
Calamelaps unicolor polylepis — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947
Amblyodipsas polylepis — WELCH 1994: 15
Amblyodipsas polylepis — BOYCOTT 1992
Amblyodipsas polylepis — BROADLEY et al. 2003: 86
Amblyodipsas polylepis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 26

Amblyodipsas polylepis polylepis (BOCAGE 1873)
Calamelaps miolepis — GÜNTHER 1888
Calamelaps warreni BOULENGER 1908: 234
Calamelaps mellandi BOULENGER 1915
Calamelaps unicolor miolepis — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947
Calamelaps unicolor warreni — LOVERIDGE 1951: 108
Calamelaps unicolor warreni — LOVERIDGE 1957: 15
Calamelaps unicolor miolepis — BROADLEY 1959
Calamelaps unicolor miolepis — BROADLEY 1962
Amblyodipsas polylepis polylepis — AUERBACH 1987: 173
Amblyodipsas polylepis polylepis — BATES et al. 2014: 345

Amblyodipsas polylepis hildebrandtii (PETERS 1877)
Atractaspis Hildebrandtii PETERS 1877: 616
Calamelaps unicolor hildebrandtii — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947
Calamelaps unicolor unicolor — LOVERIDGE 1957 (fide RASMUSSEN 1981)
Amblyodipsas polylepis hildebrandtii — RASMUSSEN 1981: 179
Amblyodipsas polylepis hildebrandtii — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 28
Atractaspis polylepis — BAUER et al. 1995: 68 
DistributionAngola, Namibia, Botswana, S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Republic of South Africa (Transvaal, Natal, Swaziland), E/S Tanzania, coastal Kenya, Somalia

hildebrandtii: coastal Kenya, E/S Tanzania, Somalia; Type locality: Zanzibar. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MBL 1878 (lost in fire 1978) 
CommentVenomous! TORNIER (1900) synonymized Atractaspis Hildebrandtii PETERS 1877 with Amblyodipsas unicolor. 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • BATES, M.F., ANDERSON, W.M., & BOURQUIN, S. 2009. Amblyodipsas p. polylepis (Bocage, 1873). Diet. African Herp News (47): 41-42
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Bocage,J.V.B. 1873. Melanges erpetologiques. II. Sur quelques reptiles et batraciens nouveaux, rares ou peu connus d‘Afrique occidentale. Jorn. Acad. Sci. Lisboa 4: 209-227
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. 1971. A revision of the African snake genera Amblyodipsas and Xenocalamus. Occ. Pap. natl. Mus. Rhod. B4 (33): 629-697
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Günther,A. 1888. Contribution to the knowledge of snakes of tropical Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 322-335 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Lanza,B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247
  • Loveridge,A. 1957. Check list of the reptiles and amphibians of east Africa (Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika, Zanzibar). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 117 (2): 153-362 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1957. On a third collection of reptiles taken in Tanganyika by C.J.P. Ionides, Esq. Tanganyika Notes and Records 43: 1-19
  • Maritz, Bryan, John L. Blackburn and Paul Huang. 2014. Amblyodipsas polylepis (Bocage, 1873) Common Purple-glossed Snake. Mimicry. African Herp News (61): 23-24
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1877. Übersicht der Amphibien aus Chinchoxo (Westafrika), welche von der Africanischen Gesellschaft dem Berliner zoologischen Museum übergeben sind. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1877 (October): 611-620 - get paper here
  • Pietersen DW, Pietersen EW, Conradie W. 2017. Preliminary herpetological survey of Ngonye Falls and surrounding regions in south-western Zambia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [Special Section]: 24–43 (e148 - get paper here
  • Pietersen, Errol and Darren Pietersen 2002. Amblyodipsas polylepis, Common Purple-glossed Snake. Size. African Herp News (35): 14-15
  • Rasmussen,J.B. 1981. The snakes from the rainforest of the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania: a checklist and key. Salamandra 17 (3-4): 173-188 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Tornier, G. 1900. Ueber Atractaspis hildebrandti. Zoologische Jahrbücher 14(1):85-86 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
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