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Ameiva exsul COPE, 1862

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAmeiva exsul exsul COPE 1862
Ameiva exsul alboguttata BOULENGER 1896
Ameiva exsul desechensis HEATWOLE and TORRES 1967 
Common NamesCommon Puerto Rican Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva plei var. exsul COPE 1862: 66
Ameiva Riseii REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1862 (fide BAUER & GÜNTHER 1994)
Ameiva exsul — CAREY 1972
Ameiva exsul — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 191
Ameiva exsul — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva exsul — HARVEY et al. 2012

Ameiva exsul alboguttata BOULENGER 1896
Ameiva alboguttata BOULENGER 1896: 112
Ameiva exsul alboguttata — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975
Ameiva exsul alboguttata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 192
Ameiva alboguttata — HARVEY et al. 2012
Ameiva alboguttata — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012: 137

Ameiva exsul desechensis HEATWOLE & TORRES 1967
Ameiva desechensis HEATWOLE & TORRES 1967
Ameiva exsul desechensis — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975
Ameiva exsul desechensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 64
Ameiva exsul desechensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 192
Ameiva desechensis — JOGLAR in HAILEY et al. 2011: 357 
DistributionPuerto Rico (including offshore islands), Vieques, Culebra, Virgin Islands (e.g. Anegada), Mona, Desecheo

exsul: above range except Isla Mona and Isla Desecheo. Type locality: Water Island, near St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands.

alboguttata: Isla Mona.

desechensis: Isla Desecheo. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: USNM 30696
Holotype BMNIJ 1946.8.30.35) [alboguttata]
Holotype MCZ 100041 [desechensis] 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1904; Schmidt, 1928; Heatwole and Torres, 1967; Rivero, 1978; MacLean, 1982; Grobman, 1983. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 73-85
  • Barbour,T. 1917. Notes on the herpetology of the Virgin Islands. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 30: 97-103. - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. and R. Günther 1994. An annotated type catalogue of the teiid and microteiid lizards in the Zoological Museum, Berlin (Reptilia: Squamata: Teiidae and Gymnophthalmidae). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70:267-280
  • Boulenger, George A. 1896. Ueber einige Reptilien von der Insel Mona (Westindien). Jahrberichte und Abhandlungen aus dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein in Magdeburg 1894-1896: 112-114
  • Carey, W.M. 1972. The Herpetology of Anegada, British Virgin Islands. Carib. J. Sci.12(1/2): 79-89.
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Grobman, A.B. 1983. The lizards of Virgin Gorda. Naturegraph Publ., Inc., Happy Camp, CA:5-23.
  • Heatwole, H., D.S. Sade & R. Hildreth 1963. Herpetogeography of Puerto Rico. I. Herpetofauna of Cayo Santiago and Cayo Batata. Carib. J. Sci. 3 (1): 1-5.
  • Heatwole, H.,and Torres, F. 1967. Distribution and geographic variation of the Ameivas of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 24(92):63-1 11.
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Caribbean Journal of Science 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Joglar, Rafael L.; Alberto O. Álvarez, T. Mitchell Aide, Diane Barber, Patricia A. Burrowes, Miguel A. García, Abimael León-Cardona, Ana V. Longo, Néstor Pérez-Buitrago, Alberto Puente, Neftalí Rios-López and Peter J. Tolson 2011. Conserving the Puerto Rican herpetofauna. In: Hailey et al., eds, Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 2: 339-358
  • MacLean, W.P. 1982. Reptiles and amphibians of the Virgin Islands. MacMillan Caribbean, London:vii +54 pp.
  • Philibosian, R.; Yntema, J. A. 1976. Records and status of some reptiles and amphibians in the Virgin Islands. I. 1968-1975. Herpetologica 32 (1): 81-85 - get paper here
  • Philibosian, R.; Yntema, J. A. 1978. Records and status of some reptiles and amphibians in the Virgin Islands. II. 1975-1976. Herpetologica 34 (1): 47-51 - get paper here
  • Reinhardt, JOHANNES & CHRISTIAN FREDERIK LÜTKEN 1862. Bidrag tii det vestindiske Öriges og navnligen tii de dansk-vestindiske Oers Herpetologie. Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. For. Kjöbenhavn (10-18): 153-291 [1862] - get paper here
  • Rios-López, N. & Aide, T.M. 2007. Herpetofaunal dynomics during secondary succession. Herpetologica 63 (1): 35-50 - get paper here
  • Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los anfibios y reptiles de Puerto Rico. M. Pareja Montana, 16, Barcelona, Espafia: x + 152 + 148pp.
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1928. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Amphibians and land reptiles of Porto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences 10 (1):160 pp.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
  • Werning, H. 2012. Zwischen Anolis und Cycluren: Unterwegs auf Puerto Rico. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (95): 100-109 - get paper here
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