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Ameiva pantherina UGUETO & HARVEY, 2011

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAmeiva pantherina UGUETO & HARVEY 2011
Ameiva ameiva melanocephala — DONOSO-BARROS 1968: 115 (part.)
Ameiva pantherina — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionVenezuela (Monagas)

Type locality: 60 km southeast of Maturín, Monagas, Venezuela.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: LACM 31431, adult male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium-sized Ameiva dis- tinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) maximum SVL in males 152 mm; (2) dorsal head scales smooth; (3) frontal single; (4) frontoparietal and parietal plates in contact with interparietals; (5) 24–41 (both sides) scales, usually in single row, between supraoculars and supraci- liaries; (6) 14–18 occipitals, usually subequal to first dorsal row; (7) 20–36 anterior gulars; (8) middle anterior gulars polygonal or rounded and usually small, rarely moderately enlarged; (9) patch of moderately enlarged posterior gulars frequently present, less often all posterior gulars small; (10) 17–20 posterior gulars between antegular and gular folds; (11) enlarged mesoptychial scales subequal or larger than largest gulars; (12) postbrachials moder- ately to distinctly enlarged; (13) 291–343 scales between occiput and rump; (14) 137–163 dorsal scales across midbody; (15) ventrals in 29–35 transverse and 10 longitudinal rows; (16) adult male coloration in life unknown, in preservative purplish with large and conspicuous black with dorsal reticulations and whitish lateral ocelli; (17) throat in adults dark gray; (18) no vertebral light stripe and ocelli never present on dorsum; (19) juveniles with distinct paired black spots on dorsum and with indistinct whitish dorsolateral line bordering upper margin of broad black lateral stripe; (20) associated with savannahs [UGUETO & HARVEY 2011].

Comparisons: Harvey et al. 2012: 90 (Table 5) 
EtymologyThe specific epithet pantherina is a feminine adjective derived from the Greek word panther, meaning ‘‘cat,’’ in reference to the leopard-like dorsal pattern exhibited by adults of this species. 
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Morato, Sérgio Augusto Abrahão; Guilherme Nunes Ferreira; Michela Rossane Cavilha Scupino (eds.) 2018. Herpetofauna da Amazônia Central: Estudos na FLONA de Saracá-Taquera. Curitiba, Pr: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas, Pa: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A., 2018.<br />210p. - get paper here
  • Ugueto, Gabriel N.; and Michael B. Harvey 2011. Revision of Ameiva ameiva Linnaeus (Squamata: Teiidae) in Venezuela: Recognition of Four Species and Status of Introduced Populations in Southern Florida, USA. Herpetological Monographs 25 (1): 112-170 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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