You are here » home advanced search search results Ameivula ocellifera

Ameivula ocellifera (SPIX, 1825)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Ameivula ocellifera?

Add your own observation of
Ameivula ocellifera »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesSpix's Whiptail 
SynonymTeius ocellifer SPIX 1825: 23
Cnemidophorus Hygomi REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1862: 231
Cnemidophorus ocellifer - PETERS 1877
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — PETERS et al. 1970: 95
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus ocellifer - CEI 1993
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Ameivula ocellifera — HARVEY et al. 2012
Cnemidophorus cf. ocellifer — BASTO DA SILVA & ÁVILA-PIRES 2013
Cnemidophorus ocellifer — SANTOS-CALDAS et al. 2016 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais, Goias, Pernambuco, Ceará, Sergipe, Piauí, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Norte), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), N Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa, Córdoba, La Rioja)

Type locality: Bahia, Brasil Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
ReproductionBisexual. See C. littoralis. 
TypesSyntype: ZSM 111/0 (lost) 
CommentSynonymy that of CEI 1993.

Distribution: presence in Paraguay unclear. Reports from Paraguay may actually refer to A. abalosi or a yet undescribed species (Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014).

Maybe a species complex (ROCHA et al. 1997, 2000). Southern populations of this species have been redescribed as C. abalosi CABRERA 2012.

Type species: Teius ocellifer SPIX 1825 is the type species of the genus Ameivula HARVEY et al. 2012.

Diagnosis (genus): Although the hemipenis of Ameivula ocellifera has at least one unique character (the papillate catchment folds and awns), hemipenes of other species in this genus have never been described and were unavailable for study. Ameivula differs from Ameiva (characters in parentheses) in having a long first supraciliary (shorter than second; but see remarks regarding species allied to A. litoralis where the first supraciliary is divided), the prefrontal usually contacting the nasal (separated from nasal), and the prefrontal separated from the first supraciliary (in contact, except in the A. lineolata series).

Diagnosis: see BASTO DA SILVA & ÁVILA-PIRES 2013: 466

Group: this species is the founding member of the ocellifer group, distinguished by the presence of granules in the supraorbital semicircles, a lower number of femoral pores (less than 40), and the absence of preanal spurs (Rocha et al., 2000, Colli et al., 2003). 
EtymologyThe new name Ameivula is a feminine noun in the nominative singular and a diminutive form of Ameiva. Arias et al. (2011a,b) did not state whether their new specific epithets (confusionibus, cyanurus, and venetacaudus) are adjectives or nouns in apposition. HARVEY et al. 2012 consider these names to be adjectives and accordingly emend them to agree in gender with the feminine genus Ameivula. 
  • Araujo, Cybele O.; Fábio Maffei, Décio T. Corrêa, Guilherme M. Moya, Bruno T. M. Nascimento, Selma Maria A. Santos 2014. Lizards from Estação Ecológica de Santa Bárbara, a remnant of Cerrado in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1038-10 - get paper here
  • Arias, Federico Jose, Mauro Teixeira Junior, Renato Sousa Recoder, Celso Morato de Carvalho, Hussam Zaher and Miguel Trefault Rodrigues. 2014. Whiptail lizards in South America: A new Ameivula (Aquamata, Teiidae) from Planalto dos Gerais, Eastern Brazilian Cerrado. Amphibia-Reptilia 35 (2): 227-242 - get paper here
  • Arias, Federico; Celso Morato de Carvalho, Hussam Zaher, and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2014. A New Species of Ameivula (Squamata, Teiidae) from Southern Espinhaço Mountain Range, Brazil. Copeia 2014 (1): 95–105 - get paper here
  • BASTO DA SILVA, MARCÉLIA & TERESA C.S. ÁVILA-PIRES 2013. The genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae) in State of Piauí, northeastern Brazil, with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3681: 455–477 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. and R. Günther 1994. An annotated type catalogue of the teiid and microteiid lizards in the Zoological Museum, Berlin (Reptilia: Squamata: Teiidae and Gymnophthalmidae). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70:267-280
  • Borges-Nojosa, D. M. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Composição e análise comparativa da diversidade e das afinidades biogeográficas dos lagartos e anfisbenídeos (Squamata) dos brejos nordestinos. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Burt, C. E. 1931. A study of the teiid lizards of the genus Cnemidophorus with special reference to their phylogenetic relationships. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 154: 286 pp. - get paper here
  • Cabrera, M. R. 2004. A new species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae) from western Argentina. Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (3): 265-275 - get paper here
  • Cabrera, Mario R. 2012. A new species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata, Teiidae) from the South American Chaco. The Herpetological Journal 22 (2): 123-131 - get paper here
  • Cabrera, Mario R. & Carreira, S. 2009. A new, but probably extinct, species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata, Teiidae) from Uruguay. The Herpetological Journal 19: 97–105
  • Calixto PO, Morato SAA 2017. Herpetofauna recorded by a fauna rescue program in a Caatinga area of João Câmara, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Check List 13 (5): 647-657 - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Cei J M. Martori R A. 1991. A New Species of Cnemidophorus of the lacertoides species group from the eastern Sierras de Cordoba, Central Argentina (Lacertilia, Teiidae). Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 9 (1): 33-38.
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Colli, G.R. et al. 2003. A critically endangered new species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata, Teiidae) from a Cerrado enclave in southwestern Amazonia, Brazil. Herpetologica 59 (1): 76-88 - get paper here
  • Colli, Guarino R.; Lilian G. Giugliano, Daniel O. Mesquita, and Frederico G. R. França 2009. A NEW SPECIES OF CNEMIDOPHORUS FROM THE JALAPÃO REGION, IN THE CENTRAL BRAZILIAN CERRADO. Herpetologica 65 (3): 311-327 - get paper here
  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Doherty, Murilo Guimarães; Roberto MunguÍa-Steyer; Paul F; Jr; Ricardo J Sawaya 2017. No survival costs for sexually selected traits in a polygynous non-territorial lizard. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 122 (3): 614–626 - get paper here
  • Dos Santos RM, Pellegrino KC, Rodrigues MT, Yonenaga-Yassuda Y. 2007. Banding patterns and chromosomal evolution in five species of neotropical Teiinae lizards (Squamata: Teiidae). Genetica 131(3): 231-40
  • Feio, R.N. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Contribuição ao conhecimento da herpetofauna do nordeste do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 105-111 [2002] - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Gonzáles, L. 1998. La herpetofauna del Izozog. Ecol. Bolivia 31: 45-51.
  • Guimarães-Moura, Lucas Otávio; Charlles Myller Santana Machado, Breno Moura Conceição, Adilson Oliveira Silva, Anthony Ferreira Santana, Renato Gomes Faria 2015. Predation of Ameivula ocellifera (Teiidae) by (Scholopendridae: Scolopendra sp.) in the vegetation of the Caatinga biome, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 389-391 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, Breno 2012. Zerstören für den Aufschwung: Ist es das wirklich wert? Fallstudie aus Brasilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (1): 46-49 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hellmich, Walter 1960. Die Sauria des Gran Chaco und seiner Randgebiete. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse (101): 1-131
  • Ingaramo, María del Rosario; Marangoni, Federico; Cajade, Rodrigo 2015. Herpetofauna de la Reserva Paleontológica del Arroyo Toropí, Bella Vista, Corrientes, Argentina. Cuad. herpetol. 29 (1): - get paper here
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Berkunsky I. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna of Impenetrable, Argentinean Great Chaco. Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Madella-Auricchio, Cláudia Renata; Paulo Auricchio Enio Saraiva Soares 2017. Reptile species composition in the Middle Gurguéia and comparison with inventories in the eastern Parnaíba River Basin, State of Piauí, Brazil Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57(28): 375-386,
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Meier,H. 1983. Beobachtungen an einigen Teiden aus dem bolivianischen Chaco [Ameiva ameiva, Teius cyanogaster, Cnemidophorus ocellifer, Pantodactylus schreibersii, Tupinambis rufescens]. Herpetofauna 5 (26): 30-34 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupino; R. Gomes; M.J. Silva. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Passos, D. C., D. Zanchi, Í. H. B. Souza, M. I. Gallão & D. M. Borges-Nojosa Passos, D. C., D. Zanchi, Í. H. B. Souza, M. I. Gallão & D. M. Borges-Nojosa 2013. Frugivory of Momordica charantia (Cucurbitaceae) by Ameivula ocellifera (Squamata: Teiidae) in a coastal area of northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 49 (4): 234-236 - get paper here
  • Peters, W. 1878. Herpetologische Notizen. I. Uber die von Spix in Brasilien gesammelten Eidechsen des Königlichen NaturalienKabinets zu München. Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1877: 407-415 - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Reinhardt, J., and C. Lütken 1862. Bidrag til Kundskab om Brasiliens Padder og Krybdyr. Förste Afdeling Paddern og Oglerne. Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1861: 143-242. - get paper here
  • Reis Dias, Eduardo, José dos, Carlos Frederico D. Rocha and Davor Vrcibradic 2002. New Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae) from Bahia State, northeastern Brazil. Copeia 2002 (4) :928-937 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rocha, C. F. D; Bergallo, H. G.; Peccinini-Seale, D. 1997. Evidence of an unisexual population of the Brazilian whiptail lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae), with description of a new species. Herpetologica 53 (3): 374-382 - get paper here
  • Rocha,C.F.D. et al. 2000. New Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae) from coastal Rio de Janeiro State, Southeastern Brazil. Copeia 2000 (2): 501-509 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Sales, R. F. D. & E. M. X. Freire 2016. Reproductive biology of a whiptail lizard (Teiidae: Ameivula) in the Brazilian Caatinga. Salamandra 52 (2): 189-196 - get paper here
  • Sales, Raul F. D. and Eliza M. X. Freire 2015. Diet and Foraging Behavior of Ameivula ocellifera (Squamata: Teiidae) in the Brazilian Semiarid Caatinga Journal of Herpetology Dec 2015, Vol. 49, No. 4: 579-585. - get paper here
  • Sales, Raul F. D.; Leonardo B. Ribeiro, Jaqueiuto S. Jorge, and Eliza M. X. Freire 2012. Feeding Habits and Predator-Prey Size Relationships in the Whiptail Lizard Cnemidophorus ocellifer (Teiidae) in the Semiarid Region of Brazil. South American J. Herp. 7 (2): 149-156. - get paper here
  • Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; Taís Borges Costa, Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda 2016. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga V: Seridó Ecological Station (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil) Check List 12 (4): DOI: - get paper here
  • Scott, Norman J.;Lovett, Jonny Wayne 1975. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from the Chaco of Paraguay. The University of Connecticut Occasional Papers, Biological Series 2 (16): 257-266
  • Silva-Lucas, Priscila; Iara Alves Novelli, Bernadete Maria de Sousa 2016. Assemblage of squamate reptiles in a natural remnant of Cerrado in southern Minas Gerais, Brazil Check List 12 (2): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Spix, J. B. von 1825. Animalia nova sive species nova lacertarum quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspicius Maximiliani Josephi I Bavariae Regis suscepto collegit et descripsit Dr. J. B. de Spix. Lipsiae: T. O. Weigel; F. S. Hübschmanni, Monachii, 26 pp.
  • Tavares, R.V., Sousa, Í.T.f., Araújo, Ä.B.P. & Kokubum, M.N.C. 2017. Ameivula ocellifera (Spix’s Whiptail) Saurophagy. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 631-632.
  • Tedesco, M. E.; G. J. Torales y E. Porcel. 1995. APORTES AL CONICIMIENTO DE LA DIETA DE Cnemidophorus ocellifer (SQUAMATA: TEIIDAE). Facena 11: 19-23. - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 1974. Ecological and geographical distribution of lizards in Pernambuco, northeastern Brasil (Sauria). Papeis Avulsos de Zool. 28(4): 61-90.
  • Vaz-Silva, W. et al. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3 (4): 338-345 - get paper here
  • Zanchi-Silva, Djan, Borges-Leite, Maria Juliana, Borges-Nojosa, Diva Maria and Harris, David James 2017. Ameivula ocellifera (Spix’s Whiptail) Parasites Herpetological Review 48 (1): 182-183 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator