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Amerotyphlops reticulatus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Amerotyphlops reticulatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesReticulate Worm Snake 
SynonymAnguis reticulata LINNAEUS 1758: 228
Anguis rostralis WEIGEL 1782
Anguis nasutus GMELIN 1789: 1120
Anguis crocotatus SCHNEIDER 1801: 340
Anguis rostratus DAUDIN 1803: 316
Typhlops leucogaster WIED-NEUWIED 1825
Typhlops reticulatus - DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 282
Agryrophis reticulatus - GRAY 1845: 137
Ophthalmidion crassum DUMÉRIL in DUMÉRIL and DUMÉRIL 1851: 202
Typhlops lumbricalis var. troscheli JAN, in JAN & SORDELLI 1863: 11 (1860-1866)
Typhlops reticulatus flavescens JAN, in JAN & SORDELLI 1864: 4 (1860-1866)
Typhlops reticulatus nigrolactea JAN, in JAN & SORDELLI 1864
Typhlops reticulatus — JAN 1864
Typhlops reticulatus var. crassa — JAN 1864
Typhlops reticulatus — BOULENGER 1893: 27
Typhlops retisculatus NAKAMURA 1938 (error typographicus)
Typhlops reticulatus — BEEBE 1946: 15
Typhlops reticulatus — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Typhlops reticulatus — STARACE 1998: 65
Typhlops reticulatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 116
Altmantyphlops reticulatus wellsi HOSER 2012
Typhlops reticulatus — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Typhlops reticulatus — COLE et al. 2013
Amerotyphlops reticulatus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops reticulatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 770 
DistributionColombia, Venezuela (Falcon, Carabobo, Monagas, TF Amazonas, Yaracuy [HR 32: 280], Zulia)
Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Brazil (Amapá, Maranhão, Rondonia, Mato Grosso, Roraima, Pará etc.), W Peru, N Bolivia, Ecuador

Type locality: “America” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype, RMNH 7660, from Paramaribo, Suriname, designated by Dixon and Hendricks, 1979, Zool. Verhandel. (173):1-39 (25).
Holotype: Based on “Gron. mus. 2. p. 54. n. 7.” and “Scheuch. sacr. t. 747. f. 4.” 
Commentmax length: 522 mm. 
References
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  • Beebe, William 1946. Field notes on the snakes of Kartabo, British Guiana, and Caripito, Venezuela. Zoologica 31: 11-52
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
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  • Caicedo-Portilla, José Rances 2011. Sexual dimorphism and geographic variation of the blind snake Typhlops reticulatus (Scolecophidia: Typhlopidae) and distribution of species of the genus in Colombia [in Spanish]. Caldasia 33 (1): 221-234 - get paper here
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