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Amphiesmoides ornaticeps (WERNER, 1924)

IUCN Red List - Amphiesmoides ornaticeps - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Werner's Ornate Snake
Vietnamese: Ran hoa wen-no
Chinese: 白眶蛇 
SynonymTropidonotus ornaticeps WERNER 1924: 30
Natrix andrewsi SCHMIDT 1925: 2
Macropophis ornaticeps — MELL 1931
Macropophis ornaticeps — BOURRET 1936: 104
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — MALNATE 1961: 4
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — ZHAO & ADLER 1993
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — ZIEGLER et al. 2006
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — WALLACH et al. 2014: 35
Amphiesmoides ornaticeps — WANG et al. 2022 
DistributionChina (Hainan, E Guangxi, Guangdong ?, Fujian), Vietnam (Bac Giang, Hoa Binh, and Nghe An)

Type locality: Northern Hainan, China (fide NGUYEN 2013, pers. comm.)
Type locality: adjacent to Phong Nha — Ke Bang National Park, Thuong Hoa commune, Minh Hoa district, Quang Binh Province, central Vietnam.  
TypesHolotype: NMW 23415 (No. 8094 in Werner 1924). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Malnate (1961) listed only three differences between (A.) ornaticeps and Amphiesma, namely the higher number of maxillary teeth in ornaticeps (more than 40, but the count being "approached by A. deschauenseei"), the larger eye in ornaticeps (about 25 % of the head length versus 15–17 % in "modesta and allied forms") and the absence of hypapophyses on the posterior vertebrae in ornaticeps (but see discussion in Malnate 1960: 68–69). 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for Vietnam by SANG et al. (2009).

Type species: Amphiesmoides ornaticeps is the type species of the (monotypic) genus Amphiesmoides MALNATE 1961. 
EtymologyThe Latin noun ornatus, "decoration" or "ornament," refers to the ornate coloration in the head region (-ceps = head). 
  • Bourret, R. 1936. Les Serpents de l'Indochine, vol. 2. Imprimerie Henri Basuyau & Cie, Toulouse.
  • Forest Protection Department of Bac Giang Province 2010. Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve: Biodiversity Conservation Value and Development Potential. Publishing House for Science and Technology, 37 pp.
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Hecht, Vera L.; Cuong T. Pham, Tao T. Nguyen, Truong Q. Nguyen, Michael Bonkowski & Thomas Ziegler 2013. First report on the herpetofauna of Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, northeastern Vietnam. Biodiversity Journal 4 (4): 507–552
  • Malnate, E.V. 1961. Amphiesmoides, a new genus for Tropidonotus ornaticeps Werner (Serpentes: Colubridae). Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia), 341: 1–7.
  • Malnate, E.V. 1962. The relationships of five species of the Asiatic natricine snake genus Amphiesma. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 114, 251–299. - get paper here
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Nguyen, Q.T.; David, P.; Tran, T.T.; Luu, Q.V.; Le, K.Q. & Ziegler, T. 2010. Amphiesmoides ornaticeps (Werner, 1924), an addition to the snake fauna of Vietnam, with a redescription and comments on the genus Amphiesmoides Malnate, 1961 (Squamata: Natricidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 117 (1): 45-56 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Tan Van Nguyen, Cuong The Pham, An Vinh Ong & Thomas Ziegler 2018. New records of snakes (Squamata: Serpentes) from Hoa Binh Province, northwestern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 67 (1): 15–24 - get paper here
  • Pope, CLIFFORD H. 1935. The Reptiles of China. Turtes, Crocodilians, Snakes, Lizards. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, Nat. Hist. Central Asia, 10: lii, 1-604 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KARL P. 1925. New reptiles and a new salamander from China. American Museum Novitates (157): 1-5. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, C. G. M. Z. X., Jia, S. Y. K. T. L., & Hu, C. Z. J. 2022. An updated species checklist of amphibians and reptiles in Fujian Province, China. Biodiversity Science, 22090 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1924. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum in Wien. l. Teil. Sitzungsb. Ber. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt. l, 133: 29 - 56 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Ziegler, T. 2012. Erforschung und Erhalt der Artenvielfalt: Neue Wege des Kölner Zoos in Südostasien. Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoos 55 (3): 111-
  • Ziegler, T., and Quyet, L.K. 2006. A new natricine snake of the genus Amphiesma (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from the central Truong Son, Vietnam. Zootaxa 1225: 39-56 - get paper here
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